Word Preamble came from the Latin word”praeambulus” which means “walking before.
“The preamble is a primarily introductorystatement to the constitution which was set up for guiding fundamental values,principles, and philosophy on which the constitution is based. Preamble whenbroken into phrases each phrase indicates a big meaning behind which isimportant to understand the constitution of a state.Is preamble is a part of the constitution:A preamble is a part of the constitution, isin consonance with the opinion of the founding fathers of the constitution. Itprovides a standard to examine and evaluate any law and action of thegovernment to, find whether it’s good or not. However, three thing is important to keep in mind:1.
It is neithera source of power to legislature nora prohibition on the power of the legislature.2. A preambleis non-justiciable, that is, its provision is not enforceable in courts of law.3.
Preamble canbe amended as per article 368 as it contains the basic elements of theconstitution, the amendment is subject to the condition that it should notalter the “basic structure” of the Constitution as per as opined bythe Supreme Court of India.Who drafted preamble: Preambleis based on the objective resolution drafted and passed by Jawahar Lal Nehru in constitution assembly on 13 December 1946. The preamble-page and other pages of the original Constitution of India,was embellished by the renowned painter of Jabalpur Beohar Rammanohar Sinha who was at Shantiniketan withAcharya Nandalal Bose in that era.
Preamble is said to be1. Soul of constitution (By Thakurdas Bhargava)2. Political horoscope of the constitution (ByKM Munshi)3.
Identity card of the constitution. (By NA Palkhiwala) The significance of thepreamble:Thesignificance of preamble lies in its phrases and its word components that is:The terms sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic, republic in the Preamblesuggests the nature of the state. The ideals of justice, liberty, equality,fraternity reflects the objectives of the Constitution.
Explanation of thepreamble:WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA:Meaning: The constitution is made by andfor the Indian people and not given to them by any outside power and all thepower emanates from the people and the political system will be accountable andresponsible to the people.Having solemnly resolved to constitute India constitution into aSOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:Meaning:it indicates theNature of Indian stateSecular: the secularism features areenvisaged in the Preamble which means that the state will not have any religionof its own and freedom will be untitled equally to all of the conscience andthe right freely to practice, profess and to follow the religion of their ownchoice. (SR Bommai and Others v Union of India, AIR 1994 SC 1918)Socialist: “Socialism” as aneconomic philosophy, the state owns the means of production and distribution.
India adopted Mixed Economy, where except state, there will be private productiontoo. Socialism as a social philosophy stresses more on the societal equality.Republic: the republic is an entity in whichthe head of state is elected, indirectly or directly, for a fixed tenure. ThePresident of India is elected by an electoral college for a term of five years.It will be not on hereditary base and every citizen of India is eligible tobecome the President of the country.Democratic: it indicates that the Governmentwill get its authority from the will of the people.
The rulers are elected bythe people and are responsible to them.Sovereign: India is externally and internallysovereign – externally free from the control of any foreign power and Noexternal power can dictate the government of India. And internally, in terms of territory,non- state actors it has a free government which is directly elected by thepeople and makes laws that govern the people. JUSTICE, social, economic and political;LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith, and worship;EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;And to promote among them allFRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity andintegrity of the Nation;Meaning: It emphases about the Objectivesof Indian State:Justice: Political. Economic and Social.Fraternity(fraternitymeans “Brotherhood”): assuring the integrity of the nation and The dignity of the individual and the unity.
Equality: of opportunity and status.Liberty: of expression, thought, worshipbelief, and faith. IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November 1949,DO HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.Meaning: It tells about the Date of itsadoption:Dateof adoption of the Constitution is 26th November 1949. But most of the articles in Constitution cameinto force on January 26th, 1950. Those articles which came into existence on26th November 1949 is given by Article 394.