Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on January 27, 1756and lived to the year of 1791. In Mozarts early childhoodwhen he was six years old he had become an accomplished performeron the clavier, violin, and organ and was highly skilled insight-reading and improvision. Mozart had composed five shortpiano pieces when he was six, which are still played to this day.At the age of 14, Mozart was payed to write a serious opera.This work, mitridate, re di Ponto(Mithridates, King of Pontos, 1770), produced under his directionat Milan, completely established an already big reputation.In 1777 Mozart obtained a leave of absence for a concert tourand left with his mother for Munich. The courts of Europe ignoredthe 21-year-old Mozart in his search for a more congenial andrewarding appointment. He traveled to Mannheim, then the musicalcenter of Europe because of its famous orchestra, fell in love withAloysia Weber. Leopold then ordered his son and wife to Paris.His mother died in Paris in July of 1778, his rejection by Weber,and the neglect he suffered from the aristocrats whom he courtedmade the two years Mozart’s arrival in Paris until his return toSalzburg in 1779 one of the most difficult periods in his life.While at home Mozart composed two masses and a number of sonatas,symphonies, and concertos; these works reveal for the first timea distinctive style and a completely mature understanding ofmusical media. Mozart had a success on the Italian opera seriaIdomeneo, re di Creta (Idomeneo, King of Crete).A series of court intrigues and his exploitation at the handsof the court soon forced Mozart to leave. In a house in Viennarented for him by his friends, he hoped to sustain himself bybeing a teacher. During this period Mozart composed a singspielcalled The Abduction from the Seraglio, which was requested byEmperor Joseph the 2nd in 1782. In that same year Mozart hadmarried Constanze Weber, Aloysia’s younger sister. Not endingpoverty and illness harassed the family until Mozarts death in1791. Mozart had had an unsuccessful career and died youngbut he ranks as one of the geniuses of Western civilization.