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Diversity- Two definitions of Diversity are: Diversity- acknowledgement of and respect for their individuality. Diversity- celebrating differences and valuing everyone. By respecting visible and invisible differences everyone can feel valued for their contribution, beneficial for both the individual and the setting.

Equality- Two definitions of Equality are: Equality- equal opportunities to develop and learn while their physical and emotional safety and well-being are protected Equality- can be described as breaking down barriers, eliminating discrimination and ensuring equal opportunity and access for all groups in all areas, which is supported and protected by legislation.

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Inclusion- Two definitions of Equality are: Equality- equal opportunities to develop and learn while their physical and emotional safety and well-being are protected Equality- can be described as breaking down barriers, eliminating discrimination and ensuring equal opportunity and access for all groups in all areas, which is supported and protected by legislation.

1. 2 Describe the potential effects of discrimination. If an adult is discriminated against it may mean that: • They may not be offered jobs or opportunities that are offered to others • They may not be able to access the same information, such as about jobs, benefits, local events, services or activities • They may not be able to access buildings, transport or services if they are disabled • They may not be included in social activities or events • They may be persecuted because of being ‘different’- skin colour, ability, race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, family situation, etc.

If a child is discriminated against it may mean that: • They are denied the advantages of others so they do not have the chance to reach their full potential • They do not progress and experience success in their life, the negative effect of this may damage their self esteem and affect their motivation to learn and achieve • They may be excluded from certain roles, be bullied or picked on • If they are unable to develop their abilities and talents they will not be able to make a full contribution to society later on in life.

Family and friends of those who are discriminated against may be affected, for example the family of an adult who is discriminated against may have to live on lower pay or benefits, may not be able to join local clubs or activities and not be able to live life to the full. Parents of children who are not able to access services may struggle to find childcare, friends or a support network and may also suffer financial constraints. Friends may find themselves also being the target of those who discriminate, or having to make the choice between joining in and leaving their friend, or missing out on activities.

They may also get themselves into trouble trying to defend someone. Those who inflict discrimination are also harmed, if their prejudice leads them to believe certain assumptions then they have a false and distorted view of the world. Their actions may lead them into trouble, may cause them to lose friends or opportunities and maybe even get a criminal record, all of which is not good for their own future prospects. Wider society loses out over acts of discrimination. There is the social impact of certain groups or individuals not feeling included or welcome in their community, and others having prejudicial assumptions about them.

This is a real loss as people who are unwilling to share ideas, skills or show respect for others will only have a narrow view of the world around them and lose out on valuable and interesting knowledge. We all have many things which we enjoy in our lives which have probably originated from a different culture, such as foods or music. Then there is a financial impact of people not being able to reach their full potential, earn a good income and give back their skills to society. They may need more support from government by way of benefits, treatments or services if they are unable to support the needs of their family on their own.

In extreme cases there may also be the cost of legal cases, criminal activities and uprisings, all of which have to be covered by the tax payers. Therefore discrimination hurts everyone, not just the individuals involved. 1. 3 Explain how inclusive practice promotes equality and supports diversity Discrimination and prejudice interfere with people’s rights to have access to equality of opportunity and hinder the promotion of diversity, and they should have no place in a children’s setting. Inclusion is the opposite of discrimination and all settings should strive to use inclusive practice.

Working towards inclusion means identifying barriers (real or perceived) to all children and families accessing and benefiting from what a setting has to offer on an equal footing. By breaking down those barriers we are taking steps to open up equality of opportunity and promote positive attitudes to diversity. This may mean things like having forms and notices available in different languages or formats, taking into account the needs of the families which use the setting to enable a diverse range of children and families to participate fully.

We also need to ensure that every child has opportunities to develop and thrive, which are as good as those experienced by others. We can provide activities which embrace diversity and show differences in a positive light and promote awareness, respect and self esteem, for example children bringing in special items for show and tell, or finding out about festivals which different families may celebrate. 2. 1 Explain how legislation and codes of practice relating to equality, diversity and discrimination apply to own work role.

Human Rights Act 1998 This Act sets out several basic rights, such as the right to life, the prohibition of torture, slavery and forced labour, the right to liberty and security, the right to a fair trial, to privacy, family life and correspondence, to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, and many others. Not all of the rights are unconditional, some may be denied to you in certain circumstances such as if you have been given a prison sentence after committing a crime.

I comply to this act through: • My Confidentiality Policy giving privacy, stating that ‘any information regarding your child or family, given to me either verbally or in writing will be treated as confidential. ’ • My Equal Opportunities Policy giving the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, stating that ‘I encourage the children in my care to develop a healthy respect for each other’s differences and to value everyone as an individual.

’Special Educational Needs and Disabilities Act 2001 (SENDA) sets out the rights of people with these needs not to be discriminated against in any way, and to ensure that they are not in any disadvantaged. I comply to this act through: • My Equal Opportunities Policy stating that ‘I give all children in my care the opportunity to reach their full potential. Sometimes this means adapting an activity to the child’s ability…….

, providing additional resources or giving one child more attention and support than others during a particular activity or routine. ’ • My Additional Needs Policy stating that ‘Children (and parents) with additional needs will have their needs met through the creation of an inclusive environment. ’ The Care Standards Act 2000 applies to any setting whether for children, elderly or disabled and each setting must comply the relevant National Standards. These standards represent a baseline of quality below which no provider may fall.

Regulations under the Children act require each standard to be met and Ofsted are also required by law to have regard to both the 14 standards and the supporting criteria when carrying out inspections. Many of the criteria are met by me on a daily basis, for example: Standard 7: Health Hygiene, I ensure that my handwashing and drying facilities are suitable by providing antibac soap, individual hand towels and step stools to enable young children to reach the sink safely.

Standard 8: Food and Drink Drinking water, I offer children regular drinks and monitor individual children’s drinking. Race Relations Act 1976 was established to prevent discrimination on the grounds of race, and has since been updated to include a duty on public bodies to promote race equality. I comply with this act through • My Equal Opportunities Policy stating ‘No child, parent or other individual in my setting will be discriminated against in any way’.

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