Site Loader

There are quite alot of rival countries which have been wrangling over territories in the SouthChina Sea for several ages.

The disputes are now starting to escalate and isfeared that the area might become a potential flashpoint of serious globalramifications in coming future. The dispute over South China Sea is troubledwith conflicting claims over the Spartly and the Parcel Islands as well as withmaritime claims by several countries such as Brunei, China, Malaysia,Philippines, Taiwan and Vietnam. China is consideredto be a bully in the region for its expansive claims with island building, militarizingthe Spartly and Parcel Islands with naval patrols. The United States if Americasays it does not support any sides in territorial disputes, however, it hassent military airplanes and naval ships in the disputed areas of the islands.The country calls it as “Freedom of Navigation” operations to assure access toshipping and air routes. Both sides have been accusing each other formilitarizing the South China Sea. The Philippines tookChina to ICJ over its claims on Spartly Islands.

Best services for writing your paper according to Trustpilot

Premium Partner
From $18.00 per page
4,8 / 5
4,80
Writers Experience
4,80
Delivery
4,90
Support
4,70
Price
Recommended Service
From $13.90 per page
4,6 / 5
4,70
Writers Experience
4,70
Delivery
4,60
Support
4,60
Price
From $20.00 per page
4,5 / 5
4,80
Writers Experience
4,50
Delivery
4,40
Support
4,10
Price
* All Partners were chosen among 50+ writing services by our Customer Satisfaction Team

The tribunal backed the claimsof Philippines over Spartly Islands and said that China is violating thePhilippine’s sovereign rights. China opposed the decision and called it an”ill-founded” ruling and won’t be binding upon it. There have been several skirmishesbetween China and Vietnam as well as with other claimant countries but Chinastays firm on its claim. There have been several conflict resolutions to solvethe dispute by regional associations like ASEAN as well as countries such asUnited States of America and Russia. My paper will talkabout the Laws of the Sea and the issues associated with South China Sea.

Ishall be talking in depths about the significant roles being played by the claimantand non-claimant countries as well as world organizations in the disputed area.  IntroductionThevast body of water extending from the Strait of Malacca in the South to theStrait of Taiwan in the North-East is referred to as South China Sea. More than500 million people from 10 countries live in the proximity of 100 miles fromits coastline. In the year of 1947, China presented a map to the world, whereina line, famously known as 9 Dash Line around the sea was drawn. Through themap, China asserted that the area lying within those 9 Dash Lines are under itssovereign authority. China then started taking over the islands which wereunder its neighboring country’s controls in the South China Sea and displacedtheir armies off the islands.

This was done to Vietnam by China and later Chinastarted building air bases on those islands and started to patrol the area withits naval armies. As a consequence to this, the neighboring countries whichinclude Philippines, Malaysia, Vietnam, Brunei and Taiwan started to questionthe validity of Nine Dash Line claim of China and this is where the dispute actuallybegan. Thisissue raises one very important question of how much area of a sea canexclusively be governed by a country. Thus an international instrument calledas UNCLOS was introduced in 1982 to bring a resolution to such disputes. Accordingto UNCLOS, each country is promised a right to territorial sovereignty extendingup to 12 nautical miles from the coast of the country in the sea.

According tothis rule, China’s territorial sovereignty over South China Sea would be waylesser than the area they claim. China’s exclusive economic zone would extendonly till 200 nautical miles from the sea coast. However Chinese government saysthat it exercises a historical claim over the areas in the South China Sea and thereforeis exempted from the law of 12 nautical miles stated in UNCLOS. In order to resolvethe conflict, Philippines took China to Permanent Court of Arbitration in Netherlands.After hearings stretching to 3 years, PCA ruled in the favour of Philippineswhere it rejected the claims of China’s Nine Dash Line. It said that China hadno legal base and sufficient evidences to prove its claim. The court also saidthat China violated the sovereign rights of Philippines in South China Sea and thusChina needs to leave the portions of the sea which lawfully belongs to Philippines.

The dispute also raises different questions pertaining to sovereignty over theislands and environmental pollution. Although, these issues are not decided byPCA, the decision is definitely a game changer.Lastly,there are two reasons as to why this dispute is very important for manycountries. Firstly, any instability in this area can affect maritime commerceand secondly, the one in control of the sea can control the trade and alsostrategic advantage during war.

Thus several non-claimant countries andregional associations are interfering in the dispute to settle it downotherwise the entire world will have to bear the consequences in trade.

Post Author: admin

x

Hi!
I'm Eric!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out