Site Loader

Therapeutic Listening (TL) is an evidence-based therapy intended to help with sensory, communication, social and self-regulation skills that are often deficit in those with autism.

Learn about how TL benefits those with autism in this lesson.

Best services for writing your paper according to Trustpilot

Premium Partner
From $18.00 per page
4,8 / 5
4,80
Writers Experience
4,80
Delivery
4,90
Support
4,70
Price
Recommended Service
From $13.90 per page
4,6 / 5
4,70
Writers Experience
4,70
Delivery
4,60
Support
4,60
Price
From $20.00 per page
4,5 / 5
4,80
Writers Experience
4,50
Delivery
4,40
Support
4,10
Price
* All Partners were chosen among 50+ writing services by our Customer Satisfaction Team

Brief Overview and Definitions

Billy is a 6-year-old with moderate to severe autism. He still wears diapers because he cannot fully control bodily functions like going to the bathroom on his own. Part of this is due to his difficulty with sensory processing. Billy’s pediatrician speaks with his mother and recommends that he try Therapeutic Listening, since it has been proven to help with organizing sensory experiences in the brain. After two months of listening to a CD for 30 minutes twice a day, Billy is now using the restroom more often on his own, following instructions, and communicating more with his parents.Therapeutic Listening (TL) is an evidence-based therapy technique that involves listening to music or sounds through specialized headphones for 30-minute sessions, twice a day, in order to help with numerous problems and disorders.

It was developed by Sheila Frick, an occupational therapist with a specialty in sensory processing disorders. TL has been proven to help with:

  • Sensory processing
  • Attention
  • Social skills
  • Communication
  • Following directions
  • Timing and organizing motor skills
  • Mood

Some disorders that TL has been used to treat include attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), sensory processing disorder (SPD) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).Autism, or autism spectrum disorder, is a disorder characterized by problems with sensory processing, communication, social interactions and unusual repetitive behaviors. Autism can range from mild to severe, which is why it is looked at as a spectrum. A person with severe autism can have a significant intellectual disability or even be completely mute. Some problematic behaviors and qualities of people with autism are:

  • Hypersensitivity to sensory input: A person may overreact when they hear a loud noise.
  • Hyposensitivity to sensory input: A person feels a lack of stimulation from the environment and may self-stimulate by banging their head on a wall or biting their arm.

  • Inflexibility to change in routine: A mother who takes a different route to school one day due to traffic may cause her child with autism to have a tantrum.
  • Having an intense focus or interest in something: A child with autism may have a fascination with his toy cars and constantly line them up.
  • Repetitive behaviors: A child with autism may turn on and off a light over and over again.

  • Delays in speech or lack of communication with others: A child with autism may be slow in establishing a vocabulary or engaging in speech with others.
  • Lack of eye contact: An adult with autism may appear distant and unfriendly because they don’t provide eye contact.
  • Social difficulties: A child with autism may not pick up on typical social cues, like when another child is bored.

Therapeutic Listening and Autism

Because of its focus on sensory integration, listening and communication, Therapeutic Listening has proven beneficial in improving the functioning of children and adults with autism.

How Does Therapeutic Listening Work?

The Therapeutic Listening clientele are typically children, though adults can gain benefits from the CDs as well. The CDs are individualized for each client’s needs.

Music can range from children’s songs to popular music to classical music to nature sounds. Things like frequency and pitch are altered in the CDs with sophisticated sound technology. These alterations are done to target different areas of the cochlear-vestibular system in the inner ear or areas of the brain associated with the central nervous system. The music or sounds on the CDs can exercise the inner ear muscles, making listening easier, or they can stimulate a specific area of the brain, like targeting the frontal lobe to improve attention.

How Does Therapeutic Listening Help Autism?

The music or sounds used in TL for a child or adult with autism can exercise the inner ear muscles and vestibular-cochlear system, or stimulate neural pathways to different areas of the brain and central nervous system. This can improve functions associated with autism like body regulation, sensory integration, communication and social skills. Let’s look at Grace as an example of how Therapeutic Listening helped her with her autism.

Four-year-old Grace is a child with autism who is extremely sensitive to sound. The sound of a vacuum or blender can be so intense that Grace holds her hands over her ears and screams with discomfort. Grace’s mother predicts that Grace will resist the headphones, since she doesn’t typically like anything touching her head or ears.When Grace’s occupational therapist puts on the TL headphones, Grace becomes calm and serene. The music is specifically designed for Grace to help exercise and contract the inner ear muscles that help regulate the sounds that Grace hears. After a couple of months of exercising these inner ear muscles, the muscles are able to better discriminate and modulate the sounds that Grace hears.

She therefore becomes better able to handle auditory sensory input, as well as distinguish between sounds and human voices. It is due to this that she can hear and respond to others better and hear her own voice, which aids in her language development and communication skills.

Lesson Summary

Developed by occupational therapist Sheila Frick, Therapeutic Listening (TL) is an evidence-based therapy technique that involves listening to music or sounds through specialized headphones for 30-minute sessions, twice a day, in order to help with numerous problems and disorders. It has been proven to help with autism, a disorder characterized by problems with sensory processing, communication, social interactions and unusual repetitive behaviors.

Some symptoms of autism include repetitive behaviors, hyper or hyposensitivity to stimuli such as sound, inflexibility (to routine), intense focuses and interests, lack of eye contact or response to name, delays in communication and deficits in social skills. Therapeutic Listening CDs are altered for each individual client in terms of type of music, frequency and pitch of sounds. The music and sounds can exercise the muscles in the inner ear and vestibular-cochlear system, as well as build neural pathways in the central nervous system. These processes can build skills in areas that are deficit because of autism, such as communication, sensory integration, body regulation and social skills.

Post Author: admin

x

Hi!
I'm Eric!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out