The topics before the General Assembly are ‘Establishing a Legal Framework for the Regulationof Military Drones’ and ‘The Question of Criminal Accountability of UN Officials and Expertson Missions’. The Sixth General Assembly, unlike the other 5 committees, is an ad-hoc due tothe nature of its topics; therefore, most resolutions are developed through agreements.I. Establishing a legal framework for the regulation of military dronesFebruary 4, 2002, the first-ever use of an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) named Predator, in atargeted killing, by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), a U.
S. federal agency responsible forinformation on national security, which took place in Paktia, a province in Afghanistan(conducted under George W. Bush). As years went by, the usage of drones, in America, had notceased to thrive even further; starting from Bush, to Obama, too, the present day, Trump.
However, the number of strikes, among countries with known operated drones like the U.S.,leads to a shockingly massive and tremendous total of fatalities.
Nevertheless, numbers, duringObama’s presidency doubled up ten times more than George W. Bush. Furthermore, thesestrikes had a great impact on numerous countries starting with Afghanistan, Pakistan, Yemen,Somalia, and ending with Libya, the main concern, to many more.It all started on February 21, 2011, when Muammar Gaddafi, Libyan leader, ordered two fighterjets to bomb parts of Tripoli, the capital, which then landed in Malta, refusing to bombprotestors; therefore, jettisoned their bombs in the sea. Eyewitnesses told Salem Gnan, a London-a based spokesman for The National Front for the Salvation for Libya, that the Navy has launcheda barrage on parts of the capital. Followed by a report from Reuters, international news agency inLondon, that stated the death of 160 people in Tripoli. The incident, later on, dominated theheadlines on BBC and soon details on Muammar Gaddafi suggesting his flight to Venezuela wereproven wrong by the leader himself; stating “I am in Tripoli and not in Venezuela,” translated byBBC.
By February 26 of 2011, United Nations Security Council Resolution 1970 was passed and theLibyan government was referred to the International Criminal Court for gross human rightsviolations; along with, the ban on arms and travel on the country, and asserting freeze. Acting outunder the authority of Chapter VII of the UN Charter, the UN Security Council resolution(1973), by March 17 of 2011, imposed a no-fly zone by a vote of ten, zero against, and fiveabstentions (by Brazil, India, Russia, China, and Germany), and within less than 24-hours, Libyaannounced that it would cease military operations in response to the resolution. But, after aLibyan Foreign Minister, Moussa Koussa, had declared ceasefire, shootings continued inparticular places and the French forces along with allied forces began an intervention in Libya as”all necessary means” to protect civilians from the threat of attacks as was called in the sameresolution.Delegation from Represented byLabia Philadelphia Privet SchoolMoreover, Libya has been at a constant internal war since the fall of Qaddafi’s regime, and dronestrikes had been conducted ever since; risking civilian’s lives, which could lead to civiliancasualties, and killing targeted terrorists. Therefore, there needs to be a solution for suchmassacre. By doing so, a legal framework needs to be established for the regulation of the lethal useof drones.
In addition, countries involved in such operations must inform the fellow country,Libya, before implementing any kind of activity.II. The question of criminal accountability of un officials and experts on missionsThe general assembly stated that they aimed resolutions to eliminate future possiblejurisdictional gaps and intensify international cooperation among states and the United Nations,to ensure the criminal accountability of the United Nations officials and experts on mission. TheSixth Committee underlined negative consequences that criminal acts committed by someofficials and experts while on the mission have to face. The UN had made previous assurancestowards the zero-tolerance policy especially for such crimes as sexual exploitation and abuse.
Human Rights Watch has documented violations in Libya since 2011. Notably, there has been noshift in the prevailing culture of impunity. On March 21, 2017, a report on Libya, had detailsabout the suffering of civilians in armed conflicts around the country, and widespread violationsbeing committed by state and non-state actors.
Where the most serious crimes have taken placein climates of impunity. It showed that human rights conditions in Libya were deteriorating: ahumanitarian crisis with over 400,000 internally displaced people, many of whom live inextremely serious or urgent conditions; a collapsed economy; and lack of basic services,including the failure of the public health system. Libya’s domestic judicial system, which isdysfunctional at best, has collapsed in several parts of the country. It is unable to providerecourse for victims of abuse.
Despite the recent drop in numbers, thousands of migrants,asylum-seekers, and children under 18 years, most of whom attempt to cross the Mediterraneanon their way to Europe, passing through Libya, facing horrific violations by coast guard forces,militias, smugglers and were abused by guards plus, they returned them to centers operated bythe Department for Combatting Illegal Migration (DCIM). On the contrary, six years after theend of the 2011 uprising, Libya has transformed into an accountability-free zone. The judicialsystem has partially collapsed, police officers have no clout, while prosecutors, judges, andlawyers risk attacks, threats, and harassment.This report was published jointly by the Office ofthe High Commissioner for Human Rights and the UN mission in Libya. The agencies reportedthat migrants that were taken into custody in Libya suffer widespread malnutrition, forced labor,illness, beatings, etc. Agencies also cited abuses by smugglers and traffickers. Libyan authoritiesshould urgently respond. The United Nations is preparing to deploy 150-250 mostly Nepaleseguards to Libya to protect its base in the capital, which will be a part of a plan to return itsoperations in the country, U.
N. officials said. The Special Representative for the Secretary-General for the country and the head of UNSMIL, Ghassan Salame, who headed the missionsince June stated that “deploying the guards to the base in Tripoli meant that around thebeginning of October we will be able to carry out a significant part of our work in Libya and that