Thestudy “Socioeconomic exclusion of SCs: A study of Rural Fatahabad Block,Haryana” has explored particularly SCsexperiences of social exclusion and empowerment.
This study talks particularelythree research questions; what is the concept of social exclusion, whichfactors of social exclusion affecting the most to SCs and how empowermentinfluences social exclusion. This thesis highlights the fact that insociety still caste system and notion ofpurity prevails or SCs are still trated as infriior in society by the HCsHindus. They (SCs) faces exclusion and discrimination in the society invarisious forms. Sociocioeconomic resources of the society and economy arecontrolled by HCs Hindu’s. no doubt due to affirmative axction somehow positionof the SCs improves but the expected results yet not achieved. Findingof the study demonstrates that SCspeople are still expricing social exclusion in various forms. Empowerment hassignificant influence on social exclusion but due to the because theempowerment policies are not target arounded on social exclusion so theexpected results were not achieved.
the most responsible factor of Socialexclusion are; labor market, social relations, social environment, banking andfinance, public utilities, participation and poverty. this study found that SCs have limited choice and facediscrimination and exclusion in education, health, and the labour market and othersocioeconomic sphere of the society and economy.Therefore,I can conclude that because of lower caste, high poverty , high unemployment, high illiteracy,malnutrition, superstitions poor, which pushes them into marginalized, inferiorand vulnerable positions at the societallevels. Thease problem accelerate toaech other and helps to become the SCs socioeconomic life more serious.It can,in fact, be argued that exclusion in school, health job market, publicservices, living deprivation , social relations etc.
the multidimensionalexclusionary processes restrict SCs capacity at the personal, socio-cultural,political and economic levels, which negatively impacts on their individual andcommunity well being. So apart from the development issue , social exclusion ofthe SCs is also a human right issue. caste system assigns unequal distributionof resources and rights in society. Lower caste people are deprived from theownership of resources and they have no rights compared to HCs at the wider societal level. Infact, from some participants identifies that the notion of social exclusionwere new to them although they all are aware about the caste baseddiscrimination. Thisstudy acknowledges that the Government policies should be targeted on socialexclusion. Social exclusion concpt is a phenomenon whish is comprises frombundeled of problems of a particular group.
Because SCs considered as lowest insocity they are deprived and excluded from the mainstream of the society. Itcan be argued that the equality provision (Articles 35 and 28, see Appendix 3) of the Constitution ensures equality in the public sphere for allcitizens, but this is the fact proven from the different studies that it doesnot experienced at the socital and economic level or grassroot level.It is, in fact, the caste rules that often restricts SCs participation in thepublic sphere, either directly or indirectly. This indicates that it is notenough just to say there are policies and services to enhance the inclusivenessof SCs in development. it is important to improve their capabilitiesfor individual and community level.
Empowerment policies should be targeted toaddress the problem of social exclusion an they hve the nature of the easyaccessibility and should be capable for a local man that he can easilyunderstand its detail and his rights. Finally,I conclude that the processes of social exclusion is a relational term and needto be addressed in the development process so that al around development of theall individual can become possible and nation or society can abstain from voilance,crime, poverty, inequalityand other eviils or social exclusion cannot becamethe cause of distruction rather than developmnt. I hope this thesis willencourage researchers and academics studying social exclusion-based policyresearch in India.