Ethiopia is located in the horn of Africa with 72. 4 million populations which over 50% of whom are under 20 year-old. Its GDP per capital is 470.
22 USD ranked as the 11 bottom in the world. Malnutrition is a major public health problem in many developing countries, and it is one of the main health problems facing women and children in Ethiopia. The country has the second highest rate of malnutrition in Sub-Saharan Africa.The 4 major forms of malnutrition in Ethiopia are acute and chronic malnutrition, iron deficiency anemia (IDA), vitamin A deficiency (VAD), and iodine deficiency disorder (IDD). In Ethiopia, one in four women (27%) are thin (have body mass index of less than 18.
5), and the prevalence of low birth weight (LBW) is one of the highest in the world due to the poor nutritional status of women both before and during pregnancy which cause malnutrition starts very early in life for large numbers of children who become progressively more malnourished during the first two years of life.By 24 months, considerable damage to the developing child has been done and satisfactory recovery becomes less likely. 47% of children under five years old are considered to be stunted. Malnutrition has several consequences effecting Ethiopia. A deficiency significantly lowers the resistance of infections and increases the risk of infection and death. Millions children die of severe malnutrition each year. Productivity of individuals is also reduced, and that lowers the ability of children to think and become creative and productive adults.
Eventually when the productivity of the adult is decrease, poverty in the country continues perpetually. Malnutrition is influenced by many factors acting at multiple levels. These factors often act in a continuous cycle and include dietary intake issues, diseases, food insecurity, child health care and sanitation services, illiteracy and poverty. The poverty may result from large family size, small size of farming land, low income, or extravagance by the husbands on unnecessary items, such as cigarettes and beer.Malnutrition in Ethiopia is also caused by some basic factors such as political factors during the Ethio-Eritrean War, cultural factors, environmental factors when the 1977 drought of Ethiopia and social factors. There are 6 elements that have been created to promote proper nutrition in Ethiopia to decrease the rate of malnutrition and minimise the effects of malnutrition which are as follows: 1)Basic Education: Equal change of education should be promoted to boys and girls as this will enable them to become good parents.2)Healthy Environment: Available and easy access to safe and adequate water for drinking, cooking and cleaning are important aspects of each person’s development and the maintenance of their health. 3)Maternal and childcare: Prevention of prematurity, proper antenatal care and promotion of good feeding practices are important interventions that may help to decrease malnutrition within your community.
4)Healthy social and family life: Strong family planning services may help families to limit the number of children they have; social integration and communal care may support orphans and children with special needs.5)Proper agriculture: Diversification through planting the right number of different kinds of seeds should be promoted, and food distribution at household level should be equitable, giving children and pregnant mothers priority. 6)Public health measures: These include prevention and treatment of maternal infections during pregnancy and delivery. Immunizations against preventable diseases as well as an emphasis on growth promotion and monitoring activities are also important public health strategies to prevent malnutrition in the community.In my opinion, based on an application of my personal business study, a solution to solve malnutrition in Ethiopia is to stimulate Ethiopian economy and to increase education standard to raise quality of life and standard of living of people on Ethiopia. I believe that when those who are suffering from malnutrition care more whether they have something to eat rather than what to eat and how to eat nutritiously. The more they have money in their pockets to satisfy their basic needs and poverty condition lessens, the more they care about their well being.
The Ethiopia economic condition may be improved by engaging in businesses that the country or each city has absolute competitive advantages or comparative advantages according to Ricardo’s theory that they can produce a particular good or service at a lower marginal and lesser opportunity cost over another trading partner. Even if Ethiopia may have absolute cost disadvantage in the production of most of the goods, a basis for mutually beneficial trade may still exist from specializing in and export goods in which it is relatively more efficient.Nevertheless, according to the research, I found out that problems Ethiopia facing range from political issues to economic struggle to water shortage to starvation which is crucial, immense and importantly interrelated. The suggestions I gave above are a very basic foundation which needs to be analysed and discussed at a deeper level with more understanding of Ethiopia cultures, political situations, environmental conditions and several more related factors.