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The first principle that seems more reflected on the lives of these people is “option for the poor and vulnerable.” Most of them helped the poor and vulnerable by establishing social programs, feed and clothe the hungry. They assisted those who are most vulnerable to strengthen the community by putting the needs of them first. For example, St. Louise de Marillac, St. Vincent de Paul, and St. Teresa of Calcutta helped the poor and vulnerable by providing the assistance they need. The second principle that seems more reflected on the lives of these people is “rights and responsibilities.” Life and dignity of the human person is the foundation of principles in Catholic social teaching. Human dignity can be protected if only human rights and responsibilities are protected. Therefore, these people aimed to bring things required for human decency especially for the weak and vulnerable. For example, Dom Hélder Câmara challenged the authorities on social issues and promoted human rights. St. Louise de Marillac (1591 – 1660) cofounded the Daughters of Charity with St. Vincent de Paul. She was born into a wealthy family but she felt a call to religious life and wanted to provide service to the poor. Louise, together with Vincent de Paul, founded hospitals, orphanages, and schools all over France. Louise helped people in need and encouraged women to nurse the sick and aging and help the poor and imprisoned. Louise and Vincent de Paul established an organization, Daughters of Charity, in work for the poor and provided systematic training of the women. Catholic social teaching is not just principles alone but with heart and integration. She responded the poor and vulnerable with the act of love and the work of mercy. She also worked with young women to care for those in need and trained them to carry out their mission of service. The principles of Catholic social teaching are considered as guidelines for actions and the various forms of moral reasons help justify the principles of Catholic social teaching. Catholic social thought addresses to multiple audiences and therefore requires several types of justifications as everyone has different beliefs. The moral methodology aims to appeal to a common ground among all reasonable people. The types of justifications include theological, biblical, tradition of the Catholic Church, philosophical, common human experience and pragmatic. Each one of them appeals to different audiences including members and nonmembers. Biblical or theological would appeal to Christians because passages from the Bible are quoted. Tradition justification would appeal to Catholics because important theologians are quoted. Philosophical uses reason to appeal to the intellectual capacity of persons of all religious backgrounds. Experiential justification is based on common human experiences and this would appeal to all persons of good will.  Pragmatic justification is used to appeal to people’s common sense, no matter what their religious traditions are. Narrative is the basic form of moral discourse. Bible stories are a form of narrative moral discourse. Stories can influence people’s behaviors and open up new perspectives. Prophetic moral discourse can be found in the book of Isaiah. Philosophers and theologians use ethical moral discourse to write about morality as it appeals to people’s intellectual capacity. It discusses moral issues by giving reasons for moral positions. Policy is the final form of moral discourse. For example, the government uses policies to tackle certain issues.The principles of Catholic social teaching can be told in four different ways – narrative, prophetic, ethical and policy. Narrative and prophetic appeal to our emotive aspect whereas ethical offers justifications for ideas. Policy is then used to turn ideas into actions. All four forms of moral discourse work hand-in-hand in communicating the principles and morality to the public for them to care and act. I am more drawn towards narrative moral discourse. Storytelling is a powerful tool in conveying a message. Stories can encourage and inspire the audience because when people hear a story, they will try to relate it to their personal experiences. In this diverse country, it is important for us to respect other cultures so that there’s peace. Ever since I was a child, I was told to respect others no matter where they are from as it is not acceptable to discriminate anyone that has different beliefs. We should always recognize the incompatible values that go against faith and human dignity. For example, I would never threaten someone else’s life because that is an act incompatible with human dignity. Advance acknowledges the evolution of moral positions within the Bible and in history. We should be open to education and the development of our consciences. Society is changing rapidly and therefore I believe that it is important for us to be flexible in adapting to the development of our consciences.  Social dimension aims to reconcile the rights and longings of human. Instead of focusing on myself, I feel like it is more important to care about others because love is what needed in our society. Finality is motivated by the hope of an absolute future. I believe that being positive and motivated about the future is important in human life. Discernment involves careful determination, thoughtful reflection on difficult problems and interpreting the principles and methodology. Every time I have a problem, I evaluate the situation and try to come up with a decision based on principles. Then, I’ll decide what should be done to solve the problem. 

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