The development of global associations and dual transferflights increases the passenger and baggage volumescreating big challenges to airports and airlines. Existing baggage handling system relies on an aging Barcodesystem with high error percentage.In this system, transport operation is conducted at verylow speed and precision.
For reading and control ofbarcodes, barcode readers need to carefully read barcodesin direct sun light. Current bag tags include a bar code.These bag tags are printed using thermal or barcodeprinters that print on an adhesive paper stock.
This printedstrip is then attached to the luggage at check in. Thisallows for automated sorting of the bags to reduce thenumber of misrouted, misplaced or delayed bags. Thelimitations of this technology were apparent when a fullyautomated cart-based system significantly delayed theairport’s opening. While the inability to reliably read allbarcode tags in the installation was a part of the problem,it was one of several technical reasons for the delayedopening.
Nevertheless, automated sorting of baggageusing laser scanner arrays, known as automatic tagreaders, to read bar-coded bag tags is standard at majorairports. Bar codes cannot be automatically scannedwithout direct sight and undamaged print. Forced byreading problems with poorly-printed, obscured,crumpled, scored or otherwise damaged bar codes, radiofrequencyidentification (RFID) chips embedded in thetags can be very useful.Thus airline requires a highly efficient method to handlethe increasing passenger and baggage volumes and thusthe trending RFID technology has drawn the attention ofthe airline. Barcode reading problems cause 9.7% of allmishandled baggage and failures to receive a baggagestatus message contribute to a further 11% of mishandledbaggage.Sample et al. focused on the use of RFIDtechnology in the US department of Transportation’s(DOT) international airport security initiative in Nigeria.
One of the uses of RFID baggage tags, in conjunctionwith RF handheld readers and boarding pass readers, is toverify passenger boarding versus luggage loading forpositive passenger baggage matching on flights departingfor the U.S. and other international locations.Wong et al.
discussed workers’ safety concern due to radiationemissions from a recently installed 900 MHz RFIDbaggage handling system at Hong Kong InternationalAirport. They concluded that the operation of the RFIDsystem is considered a safe system, as the E-field levelsrecorded for the whole system is well below the ICNIRP(International Commission on Non-Ionizing RadiationProtection) restricted level.III. SCOPE PROJECTThis project involves with study the RFID based airportluggage security system. RFID is a fast and reliablemeans of identifying just about any material object.Primarily, the two main components involved in RFIDsystem are the RFID tags and RFID reader. RFID tagsthat used in this project is passive type with frequency of13.
56Mhz.The maximum read distance about 1.5metersbut with a constraints of budget, RFID 125 kHz tag andreader are used and it is affordable for this project. Thisproject will focus on RFID interface and RFID hardware.
RFID interface will be programmed by using visual basicprogramming to trace the passenger and luggage isauthorized or unauthorized. This system will use MSSQLas a database to insert all the details of passenger and theirluggage. RFID will interact with the database and comeout with the output either the passenger and luggage isauthorized or unauthorized.