The Congress Of The USA The Congress of the USA at work 1. Organisation of the Congress Article I, Section 1, of the United States Constitution, provides that: All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and a House of Representatives. The Senate, the smaller of the two chambers, is composed of two membersfor each state as provided by the Constitution. Membership in the House is based on population and its size is therefore not specified in the Constitution. The first Congress under the Constitution met on March 4, 1789, in the Federal Hall in New York City. The membership then consisted of 20 Senators (because 3 of the original 13 states of the USA had not ratified the Constitution already) and 59 Representatives.
For more than 100 years after the adoption of the Constitution, senators were not elected by direct vote of the people but were chosen by state legislatures. Senators were looked on as representatives of house, congress, states, members, senate, each, one, state, constitution, bill, representatives, committees, two, powers, vote, president, committee, houses, executive, years, public, power, law, both, must, legislative, federal, congressional, population, office, legislation, laws, elected, senators, oversight