The Call of the Wild by Jack London
The title of the book is ‘The Call of the Wild’ and was written byJack London in 1903. He was the son of an Irish-American astrologerand his mother was Flora Wellman, the odd one out of a well to dofamily. They lived a life of poverty in Pennsylvania. Jack read a lotand at the age of fifteen left home and travelled around North Americaas a tramp. On charges of vagrancy, he spent 30 days in prison. Aftereducating himself he managed to gain entry to a university, beforebeing caught up in the Klondike River Gold Rush in North Canada, 1896.On his return he began to write, but he drank heavily and eventuallytook his own life.
The Call of the Wild is a moving story of how a St. Bernard, ScotchShepherd cross breed dog called Buck escapes captivity to become theproud leader of a wolf pack. Buck was born a privileged, dignified dogwith a loving family but was taken from his warm Southern Californianhome to be shipped to the cold recesses of Alaska during the 1890’sGold Rush. After being mistreated by many owners he soon learns thatthe only rule in this harsh environment is ‘the law of club and fang’which very much differed from the rules of a civilized society. Afterhe experiences a loss of one of his fellow dogs, he soon realizes thathe is not just fighting to prove himself but fighting for survival.
The Call of the Wild uses anthropomorphism which shows how muchanimals can act and think exactly the same as humans. The sled teamBuck is part of all take on human roles, such as the leader, the quiettimid one, the one who is desperate to fit in and the one desperate toprove himsel…
… alikeand that sometimes animals may be more civilized than the species withthe supposed ‘higher intelligence.’ However animals could also be muchmore uncivilized than you could ever imagine. We can also learn thatsocieties can be formed in any group of animals; all you need issomeone to control how things are done. The dogs took on many humanroles and acted in some ways exactly the same as humans do in the samerole. The main character in the story, a cross breed called Buckrepresents the quiet one who’s only goal is to prove himself andsucceed in the inhospitable Alaskan environment. We may placeourselves as humans, as the most important creatures on this planet,but this book proves that there is really no greater species, we canall act the same way and we all really have only one true goal.Survival!!