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“The shot heard around the world”. Known as the start of the
American Revolution in 1755, but not necessarily the true start of the
revolution. The American Revolution was Great Britain passing laws that raised
taxes to increase money on the American Colonist so the British could pay off
the war they recently fought in, The French and Indian War. Most Americans
disagreed with this because with what the British told them about the increase
of taxes. The Colonist figured it was because it was to increase their empires
power and their wealth, instead of benefitting the Colonist, thus the saying
against the Parliament “No taxation without representation”. With multiple
actions leading to the true start like; 
The Proclamation Act of 1763, The Sugar Act, Currency Act, Stamp Act,
and the Quartering Act. While those being acts that took place, there are
also major crisis events that also contributed to the American Revolution.

            One of the
many factors that lead to the American Revolution were the The Proclamation Act
of 1763, The Sugar Act, Currency Act, Stamp Act, and the Quartering Act. The
Proclamation of 1763, was signed by King George the Third that mandates that
any English settlement can’t settle towards the west of the Appalachian
mountains and make people who live there already return to the east so they
could relieve tension with the Native Americans while also claiming that this
act would keep the colonist safe from Native American attacks. About one year
later the Sugar Act, more commonly known as a newer version of the Molasses
Act, was passed by the Parliament of 1763 to offset the war debt brought on by
the French and Indian War and to help pay for the expenses of running the
colonies and newly obtained territories. This increased the duties on imported
sugar and other goods like textiles, coffee, wines and indigo. Being so
expensive it put most lower reaches of society unable to even buy a beverage.
It also almost doubled exporting and importing foreign goods reshipped from
England to the colonies, and also forbids the import of foreign rum and French
wines. Protest took place once Samuel Adams and James Otis leading to about
fifty merchants to stop buying British luxury items. Then that same year the
Currency Act was passed resulting in that colonist could distribute any paper
money, in simpler terms: The act prohibited the issue of any new bills and the
reissue of existing currency. Parliament favored a “hard currency”
system based on the pound sterling, but was not inclined to regulate the
colonial bills. This act threatened the destabilization the entire colonial
economy of both the industrial North and agricultural South, leading to the
unity of the colonist. Next year in March, the Stamp Act was passed by the
English Parliament imposing the first direct tax on the American colonies, to
offset the high costs of the British military organization in America. The new
tax required that every piece of printed paper they use be taxed on all
American colonists. Ship’s papers, newspapers, playing cards, licenses, other
publications, and even legal documents were taxed (Foner ). The money collected
by the Stamp Act was to be used to help pay the costs of defending and
protecting the American frontier near the Appalachian Mountains. Then for the
first time in the one hundred fifty years of the British colonies in America,
the Americans will pay their taxes not to their local legislatures in America,
but directly to England. Also in March the Quartering Act was put into place that
says that if the British government tells you that you have to house, tavern,
barn, wherever space was able to be provided British troops then and there for
a unknown period of time you had to house the troops and feed and give them
five-star service.

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            But these
were just laws put in place that gave the colonist an uproar, there were also
major events that happened before and during the American Revolution; like
refusal to house British troops while the Quartering Act was in play, The
Boston Massacre, The Boston Tea Party, the first shots at Lexington and
Concord, when Thomas Jefferson presents the Declaration of Independence, and
the piece of paper that ended it all being The Treaty of Paris. On March fifth
1770, the British Army marched in to check on a comrade being pelted with
snowballs, soon gunshots were let loose on the crowd. Killing a total of five
people, a man named Crispus Attucks; a man with Indian and black background,
being known as the first American killed in the American Revolution. This
massacre sparked intense public protests and threats of retaliation. The Boston
Tea Party was a political protest by the Sons of Liberty which took place in
Boston, Massachusetts, on December 16, 1773. This organization disguised
themselves as Native Americans, in defiance of the Tea Act, destroying an
entire shipment of tea sent by the East India Company. They boarded the ships
and threw the chests of tea into Boston Harbor. The British government  didn’t responded well and it escalated into
the American Revolution. The Tea Party became an iconic event of American
history, and since then other political protests such as the Tea Party movement
have referred to themselves as historical successors to the Boston protest of
1773. The
Boston Tea Party was a significant event in the growth of the American
Revolution. The Parliament responded in 1774 with the Coercive Acts, or
Intolerable Acts, which, among other provisions, ended local self-government in
Massachusetts and closed Boston’s commerce. The crisis escalated, and the
American Revolutionary War began near Boston in 1775. The first shot fired at
Lexington and Concord was the start of the American Revolution. The date was
April 19, 1775, the British fired the first shot because the American troops
were informed to spread out and avoid contact and violence with the British
when they were in their sights. Sam Winship identified an officer who fired the
first shot engaging Americans and British in warfare where as John Barker
happened to claim that the Americans shot first but he said he could not
identify where.

The Declaration of Independence,
written by Thomas Jefferson and adopted by the Second Continental Congress,
states the reasons the British colonies of North America sought independence in
July of 1776. The declaration
starts with the preamble describing the document’s properties in explaining why
the colonies have overthrown their ruler and chosen to take their place as a
separate nation in the world.  Stating
that all men are created equal and there are certain unalienable rights that
governments should never violate. These rights include the right to life,
liberty and the pursuit of happiness. When the government fails to protect
those rights, it is not only the right, but also the duty of the people to
overthrow that government. This, is the end of the American revolution along
with the Treaty of Paris: which was a treaty between the United States and
Great Britain, ending the American Revolution. These are all the reasons why
the American Revolution started and how it ended.

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