“The shot heard around the world”. Known as the start of theAmerican Revolution in 1755, but not necessarily the true start of therevolution.
The American Revolution was Great Britain passing laws that raisedtaxes to increase money on the American Colonist so the British could pay offthe war they recently fought in, The French and Indian War. Most Americansdisagreed with this because with what the British told them about the increaseof taxes. The Colonist figured it was because it was to increase their empirespower and their wealth, instead of benefitting the Colonist, thus the sayingagainst the Parliament “No taxation without representation”. With multipleactions leading to the true start like; The Proclamation Act of 1763, The Sugar Act, Currency Act, Stamp Act,and the Quartering Act. While those being acts that took place, there arealso major crisis events that also contributed to the American Revolution. One of themany factors that lead to the American Revolution were the The Proclamation Actof 1763, The Sugar Act, Currency Act, Stamp Act, and the Quartering Act.
TheProclamation of 1763, was signed by King George the Third that mandates thatany English settlement can’t settle towards the west of the Appalachianmountains and make people who live there already return to the east so theycould relieve tension with the Native Americans while also claiming that thisact would keep the colonist safe from Native American attacks. About one yearlater the Sugar Act, more commonly known as a newer version of the MolassesAct, was passed by the Parliament of 1763 to offset the war debt brought on bythe French and Indian War and to help pay for the expenses of running thecolonies and newly obtained territories. This increased the duties on importedsugar and other goods like textiles, coffee, wines and indigo. Being soexpensive it put most lower reaches of society unable to even buy a beverage.It also almost doubled exporting and importing foreign goods reshipped fromEngland to the colonies, and also forbids the import of foreign rum and Frenchwines. Protest took place once Samuel Adams and James Otis leading to aboutfifty merchants to stop buying British luxury items. Then that same year theCurrency Act was passed resulting in that colonist could distribute any papermoney, in simpler terms: The act prohibited the issue of any new bills and thereissue of existing currency.
Parliament favored a “hard currency”system based on the pound sterling, but was not inclined to regulate thecolonial bills. This act threatened the destabilization the entire colonialeconomy of both the industrial North and agricultural South, leading to theunity of the colonist. Next year in March, the Stamp Act was passed by theEnglish Parliament imposing the first direct tax on the American colonies, tooffset the high costs of the British military organization in America. The newtax required that every piece of printed paper they use be taxed on allAmerican colonists. Ship’s papers, newspapers, playing cards, licenses, otherpublications, and even legal documents were taxed (Foner ).
The money collectedby the Stamp Act was to be used to help pay the costs of defending andprotecting the American frontier near the Appalachian Mountains. Then for thefirst time in the one hundred fifty years of the British colonies in America,the Americans will pay their taxes not to their local legislatures in America,but directly to England. Also in March the Quartering Act was put into place thatsays that if the British government tells you that you have to house, tavern,barn, wherever space was able to be provided British troops then and there fora unknown period of time you had to house the troops and feed and give themfive-star service.
But thesewere just laws put in place that gave the colonist an uproar, there were alsomajor events that happened before and during the American Revolution; likerefusal to house British troops while the Quartering Act was in play, TheBoston Massacre, The Boston Tea Party, the first shots at Lexington andConcord, when Thomas Jefferson presents the Declaration of Independence, andthe piece of paper that ended it all being The Treaty of Paris. On March fifth1770, the British Army marched in to check on a comrade being pelted withsnowballs, soon gunshots were let loose on the crowd. Killing a total of fivepeople, a man named Crispus Attucks; a man with Indian and black background,being known as the first American killed in the American Revolution. Thismassacre sparked intense public protests and threats of retaliation.
The BostonTea Party was a political protest by the Sons of Liberty which took place inBoston, Massachusetts, on December 16, 1773. This organization disguisedthemselves as Native Americans, in defiance of the Tea Act, destroying anentire shipment of tea sent by the East India Company. They boarded the shipsand threw the chests of tea into Boston Harbor. The British government didn’t responded well and it escalated intothe American Revolution. The Tea Party became an iconic event of Americanhistory, and since then other political protests such as the Tea Party movementhave referred to themselves as historical successors to the Boston protest of1773. TheBoston Tea Party was a significant event in the growth of the AmericanRevolution. The Parliament responded in 1774 with the Coercive Acts, orIntolerable Acts, which, among other provisions, ended local self-government inMassachusetts and closed Boston’s commerce.
The crisis escalated, and theAmerican Revolutionary War began near Boston in 1775. The first shot fired atLexington and Concord was the start of the American Revolution. The date wasApril 19, 1775, the British fired the first shot because the American troopswere informed to spread out and avoid contact and violence with the Britishwhen they were in their sights. Sam Winship identified an officer who fired thefirst shot engaging Americans and British in warfare where as John Barkerhappened to claim that the Americans shot first but he said he could notidentify where. The Declaration of Independence,written by Thomas Jefferson and adopted by the Second Continental Congress,states the reasons the British colonies of North America sought independence inJuly of 1776. The declarationstarts with the preamble describing the document’s properties in explaining whythe colonies have overthrown their ruler and chosen to take their place as aseparate nation in the world. Statingthat all men are created equal and there are certain unalienable rights thatgovernments should never violate.
These rights include the right to life,liberty and the pursuit of happiness. When the government fails to protectthose rights, it is not only the right, but also the duty of the people tooverthrow that government. This, is the end of the American revolution alongwith the Treaty of Paris: which was a treaty between the United States andGreat Britain, ending the American Revolution.
These are all the reasons whythe American Revolution started and how it ended.