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The three regions onthe map (Israel, Gaza, and the West Bank) were once known as Palestine.

Ownership of the land is disputed primarily between two different groups:Israeli Jews, and Palestinian Arabs, Israeli Jews, Palestinian Arabs (who are chieflyMuslim, but also include Christians and Druze). The land of Palestine has beenhistorically known for thousands of years. It is usually used to refer to theland that falls between the Mediterranean Sea to the west and the Jordan Riverto the east, and possibly other neighboring areas. Jews and some Christianscall the same land as “Land of Israel” or “Holy Land”.             The name of Palestine came aboutbecause the “Philistines” were among the earliest known to settle inthis land.

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The war in Palestine is a war with a long history and to this day istoo late. This war began at the time after the Balfour Declaration in 1917,where it was stated that the land of Palestine was given to England by theTurkish Ottoman Empire. Britain divides Palestinian territory for Arabs andPalestinian Jews. The Palestinian Arabs have a section in the eastern part ofthe Jordan River while the Jews are to the west of the Jordan River. But theArabs did not agree with the division. The Arabs thought that the Jews wantedto control the land (Palestine). In 1929, headed by Grand Mufti Haji Amin ElHusseini, the leader of the Pro-Nazi and Muslim Palestinians, they (Arabs inPalestine) did the same thing as the deadly riots of both sides.

The riotsresulted in the Arab Revolt or Arab Revolt in 1936-1939. In 1947 it was finally decided by the United Nations thatthe territory of the British mandate over Palestine was divided into two parts.One for the Palestinian Arabs and the rest for Israel.

Again, the Arabs did notaccept the decision and finally the war broke out. In this war, Israel becamethe winner, then expanded its territory. War broke out again in 1967 (Six DayWar), 1973 (Yom Kippur War or 1973 Ramadan War) and 1982 (Israel attacksLebanon). Since the Six Day War, Israel has occupied the western edge and theGaza Strip with an area of ??about 2,200 square miles and built a population of220,000 on the west bank and continues to this day.

Settlements are the cities,towns and villages of Israel in the occupied West Bank, the Golan Heights andEast Jerusalem. They are considered settlements and not Israeli settlementsbecause Israel is widely regarded as an occupying power in these areas. This isthe land that the Palestinians, along with the international community, view asa territory for a future Palestinian state.  A.  Research Findings:             The Partition Plan, a four-partdocument attached to the resolution, provided for the termination of theMandate, the progressive withdrawal of British armed forces and the delineationof boundaries between the two States and Jerusalem.

Part I of the Planstipulated that the United Kingdom would withdraw no later than 1 August 1948.             On 15 July 1948 through UNSCResolution 54 which is about the ceasefire order to all parties. The resolutioncalls on all governments and authorities not to take further military actionand enforce a ceasefire between the military and its paramilitary forces at thetime determined by the mediator within the next three days. The resolutionstates that because of the precarious situation, an unconditional truce shouldbe held as soon as possible in Jerusalem the next day.

The resolution requestedthe United Nations Mediator to continue its task of demilitarizing the city ofJerusalem and guaranteeing free access there, investigating allegations of aceasefire violation ordered by the Security Council, and requesting theassistance of staff, funds and facilities needed for the Secretary General. Butthe Resolution was unsuccessful because nobody followed the UN Resolution

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