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The age of Gua Musang formation is from Permian to Upper Triassic where it is estimated to be 65 m thick with crystalline limestone, shale, chert that interbedded with mudstone as well as conglomerate. According to Aw (1974), Kuala Betis area is located at the western part of Gua Musang with similarities in term of lithology that had been identified in Gua Musang formation. The Gunung Ayam conglomerate contains conglomerate sandstone sequence. Aw (1974) also stated that, the western part of Gua Musang which is Kuala Betis and Nenggiri area had the rocks aged Permian to Triassic which are including argillite, limestone and conglomerate. There are about seven tectonic packages within suture zone rocks can be found which are phyllite, schist, melange, sandstone, mudstone, chert as well as serpentinite that had stacked imbricate structure in Ulu Kelantan (Tjia, H. D & Almashoor, S. S, 1993).
At the North part of Kelantan, the area is dominated by Quaternary sediment such as silt, clay, sand, peat and some minor gravel. For the middle area of the state, its dominated by Triassic sedimentary rock such shale, siltstone, sandstone and limestone followed by Permian sedimentary rocks and metamorphic rock such as sandstone, limestone, phyllite and slate. The study area is located in this Permian region. There also some acid to intermediate volcanic and intermediate to basic volcanic rocks which is located at Gua Musang and Kuala Krai district.

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