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The term “JewishNational Home” had different meanings for the Jews living in Palestine duringthe British Mandate. On November 2nd, 1917 The Balfour Declaration declaredPalestine as the “national home for the Jewish people” (Shapira 72).

This was a country were Jews could truly call it a homesomething Jews have been dreaming and praying for, for hundreds ofyears. A country where they could live peacefully, a placefor Jews to rediscover their Jewish identity, establish asociety and economy of their own. More and more and Jews started embracing Zionismand realizing the connection they had with land. The Zionist organizationstarted rebuilding the country and offering the Jewish people a chance to starta new life.

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Although for those already living in Palestine for a short period,the declaration had a negative impact against them. Riots erupted in thestreets, Arabs were attacking, wounding and killing Jews. Arabsrefused to recognize any historical connection the Jews had to the land evenafter the Balfour Declaration.

The term “Jewish National Home” meantfor the Jews living in Palestine that they would become the majorityof the inhabitants.  Since the Balfour declaration a wave of immigrationfrom all around the world (Europe, Russia, North America, Germany) erupted theJewish population from 56,000 to 650,000 during the 30 years of the Britishmandate. Jews are scattered all over the world and this new home is now aplace where Jews could all come together and live the life theyalways dreamt of. This was a significant step closer to calling ita Jewish state. 

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