The Scorpion’s Sting,
explores the Civil War and the antislavery movement, the book highlight’s the
plan to help abolish slavery by surrounding the slave states with territories
of freedom and the book also talks about the possibilities of what could have
been more of a peaceful alternative to the war.
one engages with the central argument of the book in the following ways, to
free the slaves as a “military necessity” in wartime was an ancient practice
(pg.13). The burden of chapter one was what slavery’s opponents wanted to accomplish,
“Like a Scorpion Girt by Fire”, antislavery activists argued that slavery would
eventually sting itself to death.
second chapter engages with this central argument of the book in many ways,
this chapter starts out by explaining the definition of slavery. To us slavery
means, property rights in human beings, this is for us to better understand
what a debate over slavery would’ve looked like back then. This is the reason
why slave territories were driven by property of man, New World slavery was
also a conflict in this chapter.
three engages with this central argument of the book in the following ways,
this chapter recovered the argument that I mentioned in the last chapter. All
three chapters that I discussed, highlighted the depth and the importance of
the Republican Party’s threat to slavery at the beginning of the Civil War.
(pg.14) the military emancipation, was not included in the threat. Chapter four
explains that freeing slaves in wartime was a mainstream idea that orientated
outside the abolitionist movement.
The Emancipation Proclamation Started on January 1, 1863.
The proclamation transformed the nature of the war. The proclamation altered
the union policy on the ground in the southern states. The proclamation was an
attempt to use the military emancipation, this was to destroy and end slavery. In
the 1800s, slavery was banned from the territories and also Great Britain
signed a treaty to suppress the slave trade. (pg17).
The Scorpion’s Sting helped readers understand a lot about
the republican policy and less about the war. With The Scorpion’s Sting, James
Oakes produced a peaceful end to slavery. The plan was called for federal
support for slavery, and to surround slaveholding states with a “cordon of
freedom” and this would encourage slaves to escape the plantations. This was
bad for the southern economy and this is what pushed states to abolish and end
There were many people that struggled to abolish slavery,
freeing the slaves during the military emancipation, was just an ancient practice.
The government would’ve had the power to free the slaves, if there was a war or
rebellion. With “cordon of freedom” the slave states were forced to abolish the
institution on their own.
In conclusion of this book review, this book
is to show that, slavery was going to be stopped in a peaceful way. Also the
book explores the plan of southern states having to abolish slavery, and how Abraham
Lincoln had the solution to end slavery peacefully overtime. There is a quote
in the book that I liked, that Lincoln said, “If all the earthly powers were
given to me, I should not know what to do, as to existing institution.” I like
this quote because at that time Lincoln understood that every human in this
earth should be a free soul.