Syrian Civil WarThe Syrian Civil War was first initiated in March of 2011, when Syrians started to protest for democracy and were shot by the security forces while doing so. This caused nationwide protests ordering for the resignation of President Assad.
This led to continuous killings of protesters across the nations. By June of 2013, it was reported by the UN that around 90,000 people had been put to death in the conflict, and by August 2015, the figure multiplied by almost three making it 250,000 deaths in just 4 years. Countries including Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey are facing a refugee crisis, because of the over 4.5 million people have escaped Syria since the start of this conflict. The use of chemical weapons are occurring during this civil war, and the government and the rebel forces are blaming each other for the use of these weapons leading to further conflicts. Violation of the CWCThe Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) was enforced on April 29, 1997, and currently has 192 states-parties.
This treaty bans the possession, creation, and usage of chemical weapon. It also demands the destruction of these chemical during a specific timespan. On September 12, 2013, Syria ratified, and agreed to follow the requirements of the treaty, but the recent events have shown otherwise. Syria is still in possession of deadly chemical weapons and is putting them into use. The most recent use of these chemical weapons occured in April of 2017, which is after they had already signed the treaty.
Syrian forces used the chemical weapons, Sarin, more than two dozen times, killing over 80 civilians. Issues with chemical weaponsUsing chemical weapons are in no way like your conventional weapons. It not only attacks a person’s physical state, but also their psychological state.
Unlike guns and missiles, the feeling of a gas attack is much more terrorizing and lasts for a longer period of time. It is said to feel like “a burning sensation in the head, red-hot needles in the lungs, the throat seized as by a strangler”. The effects of chemical weapons can also takes years to recover from, because the gases continue to stay inside your systems. Not only are there major ethical issues with using chemical weapons there are also a lot of technical issues.
First, chemical weapons are not as effective as conventional weapons. According to statistics, chemical weapons only caused less than 10% of the totals deaths in World War I. Chemical weapons are also hard to control. Although gas masks and other precautions are taken to ensure that the gases do not affect themselves, in many cases gases blowback onto their own troops and harshly affects the troops in the frontline.