Site Loader

Learn what special education is and the different types. Find out about the philosophy behind special education.

Read the lesson and then take a brief quiz to test your knowledge.

Best services for writing your paper according to Trustpilot

Premium Partner
From $18.00 per page
4,8 / 5
4,80
Writers Experience
4,80
Delivery
4,90
Support
4,70
Price
Recommended Service
From $13.90 per page
4,6 / 5
4,70
Writers Experience
4,70
Delivery
4,60
Support
4,60
Price
From $20.00 per page
4,5 / 5
4,80
Writers Experience
4,50
Delivery
4,40
Support
4,10
Price
* All Partners were chosen among 50+ writing services by our Customer Satisfaction Team

What Is Special Education?

Special education is a form of instruction that’s designed to meet the needs of students with disabilities, so that they can learn the same skills and information as other children in school. The term special education is used interchangeably with special needs, and the disabilities may be physical, emotional, or behavioral.

The Philosophy of Special Education

The general philosophy of special education is that all people have the ability to learn, regardless of their particular disabilities. The trend in public education has shifted from isolating special education students in separate classrooms to mainstreaming them in the regular classroom for at least part of the day. This is in keeping with the U.S.

Department of Education’s Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) mission to ‘;achieve full integration and participation in society of people with disabilities by ensuring equal opportunity and access to, and excellence in, education, employment, and community living.’

Types of Special Education Structures

Students needing special education include those with autism spectrum disorders, vision and hearing impairment, intellectual disability (functioning far below age levels), emotional disorders, specific learning disabilities related to reading or ability to do math, and speech and language impairment.In public education, students with disabilities are first given an Individual Education Plan (IEP). This is a program that determines what educational services they will receive. After this is established, some types of educational structures offered to students with disabilities include:

  • Placement in the general education classroom. For many special education students, it’s possible for them to receive individualized instruction within the regular classroom without the need for additional support.

  • Placement in the general education classroom, but during preset times during the day meets outside the classroom with specialists for sessions that address their different needs. These may be speech pathologists, psychologists, or other types of professionals.
  • Placement in the general education classroom, but part of the day is spent in a resource room. This is a room designed for their needs, with a teacher trained to work with special needs students.
  • Placement in a special education classroom for most of the day, but placed in the general education classroom for certain classes, such as physical education or art.
  • Separated from general education entirely.

    Placement in a school designed for special needs students only.

Lesson Summary

Let’s review. Special education and special needs both mean the same thing.

They are forms of instruction that are designed to meet the needs of students with disabilities, so that they can learn the same skills and information as other children in school. The general philosophy behind the development of special education is simple but very important. All people have the ability to learn and the right to succeed, regardless of their particular disabilities, and nobody should be left behind. Luckily, the development of an Individual Education Plan (IEP), the tailored program that determines what educational services students will receive, goes a long way to ensure all students get the necessary resources to learn and be successful in the classroom.

Key Terms

  • Special education/special needs: forms of instruction that are designed to meet the needs of students with disabilities so that they can learn the same skills and information as other children in school
  • Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS): part of the U. S. Department of Education; its mission is to ‘;achieve full integration and participation in society of people with disabilities by ensuring equal opportunity and access to, and excellence in, education, employment, and community living’
  • Individual Education Plan (IEP): tailored program that determines what educational services students will receive; goes a long way towards ensuring that all students get the resources necessary to learn and be successful in the classroom
  • Resource room: a room designed for the needs of students with disabilities; it is managed by a teacher trained to work with special needs students
All people have the ability to learn, regardless of disability.
special education, special needs

Learning Outcomes

Once the lesson has been studied, you might designate a time to:

  • Define special education/special needs
  • Recite the philosophy of special education
  • Illustrate different types of special education structures

Post Author: admin

x

Hi!
I'm Eric!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out