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SOHO is an acronym for SmallOffice Home Office, a term used to distinguish small businesses from mid-sizedand large businesses.

 Technically, SOHO businesses have zero to tenemployees, although many of them are one-person shops. (Ward, 2016)SOHO users looking to implement a wireless networking deviceface a variety of choices with many devices at different price points availablefrom the 802.11a, 802.11b/g/n, and 802.

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11ac wireless standards inuse today.The 802.11 standard was established in1997; it used the 2.4 GHz band and had a maximum data rate of 2 Mbps.

The 802.11standard was too slow for practical purposes and is no longer used, newerstandards were developed and we will focus on these standards that have everydayuse in today’s SOHO environment.Established in 1999, the 802.11bstandard uses a 2.4 GHz frequency and is able to reach a maximum speed of 11Mbps, which was very comparable to traditional Ethernet speeds at that time.

  In a SOHO environment an 802.11b access point cancommunicate with devices up to 300 feet away. Speeds will decrease the furtheryou are from the device. By utilizing an unregulated frequency, 802.

11b devices can expectinterference from microwave ovens or cordless phones. (http://etutorials.org, na)The Pros of 802.11b arethe low cost and a good signal range that is not easily obstructed, the Cons of 802.11b are the Slower speedsand the interference from home appliances on the unregulated frequency band.Also established in 1999, the802.11a standard is a high-speed alternative to 802.11b, transmitting at 5 GHzand speeds of up to 54 Mbps.

 The move to the 5-GHz band provides twoimportant benefits over 802.11b. First, it increases the maximum speed perchannel from 11 Mbps to 54 Mbps.

This increased speed is especially useful for multimediafiles, transferring data, and faster Internet access. Second, the bandwidthavailable in the 5-GHz range is larger than available at 2.4 GHz, allowing formore simultaneous users. However, the 802.11a’s higher frequency as compared to 802.11bshortens the range of 802.

11a networks. The higher frequency also means 802.11asignals have more difficulty penetrating walls and other obstructions.Because 802.11a and 802.

11b utilize different frequencies,the two technologies are incompatible with each other. Some devices offerhybrid 802.11a/b network gear, but these products merelyimplement the two standards side by side, each connected devices must use oneor the other.

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