Sitting in traffic, late for an important meeting, watching the minutes tick away. The hypothalamus, a tiny control tower in the brain decides to send out the order: Send in the stress hormones! Nowadays, life is becoming hurried and busy, so people have to solve a lot of situations daily. Stress is an ongoing dilemma that occurs in each and everyone’s life. According to Merriam Webster’s dictionary, stress is defined under two conditions: a state of mental or emotional strain or tension resulting from adverse or very demanding circumstances and a pressure or tension exerted on a material object.
The aim of this paper is to evaluate and validate the causes and effects of stress, who is it affected and ways to alleviate it. Causes of stress are known as stressors. Stressors can be physical or emotional, internally or externally generated. For instance, some people feel stressed when they see physical violence because they cannot tolerate people fighting with one another. According to the annual stress survey conducted by the American Psychological Association (APA), average stress levels in the United States rose from 4.9 to 5.1 on a scale from 1 to 10 in 2015. Stress effects are no less significant.
Some eminent physiological effects of stress are sweating and sweaty palms, an ache in the back, a sense of irritation, an incident of upset stomach, etc. Causes and effects of stress show to what extent human psychology can become victim of adverse situations and circumstances. Studies indicate that some people are more vulnerable to the effects of stress than others. The list includes older adults; women in general, especially working mothers and pregnant women; less-educated people; divorced or widowed people; people experiencing financial strains such as long-term unemployment; people who are the targets of discrimination; uninsured and underinsured people; and people who simply live in cities all seem to be particularly susceptible to health-related stress problems. Fundamentally, stress affects everyone. Everyone feels stressed from time to time.
Some people may cope with stress more effectively or recover from stressful events more quickly than others. People can become overwhelmed and fretful between coping with work, school, and home. The most helpful method for dealing with stress is learning how to manage it. Speaking about stress, an example of this is traveling. Traveling is an effective way to reduce any kind of stress. Planning the trip gives people an exciting mood that inspires them to be active.
Gardening is another favourable way of treating stress, because it protects people from mental and physical problems.