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Australia has unique and interesting seasons for different parts of its continent. In this lesson, you will learn about what causes different seasons, the six seasons of Australia, and how Australia’s seasons are different from other seasons around the world.

What Causes Different Seasons?

As you go through a year, you probably experience different weather and temperatures at different times of the year. Sometimes the weather is warm and sunny, allowing you to enjoy a fun day at the beach.

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Other times, the weather is cold and windy, requiring you to dress warmly. These differences in weather happen due to the changing of the seasons.Most places around the world experience the four seasons of spring, summer, autumn and winter. The Earth orbits, or travels, around the sun over the course of 365 days – also known as a year. Because the Earth is also tilted on its axis as it orbits the sun, different places on Earth are either tilting away from or tilting towards the sun at different times of the year, causing different seasons.When your part of the Earth is tilting towards the sun, you experience warmer weather, causing your spring and summer seasons.

However, when your part of the Earth is tilting away from the sun, you experience cooler weather, causing autumn and winter seasons. People that live near the equator are unique because they have warm or hot temperatures year round, since those areas are always tilting towards the sun.

Seasons Changing
Seasons Changing

Australia’s Six Seasons

Can you imagine having six seasons where you live? Well, Australia does! Australia’s six seasons are unique due to its large size and different climates. You will either have a wet and dry season in Northern Australia, or spring, summer, autumn and winter in Central and Southern Australia.

Australia is a very large continent and therefore experiences a variety of different weather conditions. Because of this, the continent is separated into six different climatic zones, which are specific areas determined by the average temperature and rainfall. These zones are called Equatorial, Tropical, Subtropical, Desert, Grassland and Temperate. The climatic zone determines the seasons that happen in that area.

Australia’s Tropical Zone

The Equatorial, Tropical and Subtropical climatic zones all make up Australia’s Tropical zone. They are located in the north closer to the equator, which causes higher temperatures. They only experience two seasons in a year, which are the wet and dry season.The wet season is very rainy and lasts from November to March.

This season is also known as the monsoon season and has windy monsoons, very heavy rains, floods and cyclones. The weather in the Tropical zone is very humid and temperatures are around 86;F – 120;F during this time. Rain provides relief by cooling people off.

Monsoon in the Tropical Zone During the Wet Season
Monsoon During the Wet Season

The dry season lasts from April to October. The temperature is cooler during this time, around 68;F and the skies are clearer.

Australia’s Temperate Zone

The Desert, Grasslands and Temperate climatic zones all make up Australia’s Temperate zone.

They are in the central and southern parts of Australia. Since they are farther from the equator, they experience all four seasons. However, Australia is located south of the equator in the Southern Hemisphere, while the U.S. is located north of the equator in the Northern Hemisphere.

Because of this, Australia’s seasons happen at opposite times of the year than in the U.S.In the Temperate Zone of Australia, summer is from December to February, autumn is from March to May, winter is from June to August and spring is from September to November. So, a great time to visit Australia is during your winter break – be sure to pack your swimsuit!

Lesson Summary

Australia has six unique seasons due to its large size and different climatic zones. The Tropical zone in Northern Australia has a wet and dry season. The Temperate zone in Central and Southern Australia has spring, summer, autumn and winter.

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