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In this lesson, you will learn more about the LSAT, specifically the Analytical Reasoning section. For clarity, explanations of the example questions used will be given.

LSAT Exams and Law School

The LSAT (Law School Admissions Test) is required of every prospective law school student. LSATs are used to test a number of different factors, but mainly a prospective student’s ability to comprehend complex information and reasoning abilities;the very skills needed as a lawyer. Of course, other factors are and should be taken into consideration during the admissions process; however, LSAT scores play a huge role in if and where you might get accepted.

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The exam is made up of three different sections: Reading Comprehension, Logical Reasoning, and this lesson’s focus, Analytical Reasoning.

LSAT (Analytical Reasoning)

According to the LSAC website, analytical reasoning questions are used to measure and test the reasoning and problem-solving skills of the prospective law school student. Analytical reasoning is about thinking carefully, putting two and two together, and reasoning deductively.With analytical reasoning questions, you have to draw the most logical conclusions. You must be able to determine what must be true or what has to happen based on what you’re given. Sometimes with analytical reasoning questions, you’ll be given a longer passage and other times, you’ll have only statements to read. There are strategies you can use to increase your chances of getting a higher score, like reading each passage carefully and making sure to prepare ahead of time.

Analytical Reasoning Samples ; Explanations

Here’s an example of basic analytical reasoning. You will not find this one on the actual exam, but it does give you an idea of what to look out for.

Question 1

Each group must be seated next to each other, except groups PO and HP. How will this seating group be arranged? Here are the groups: CD, HP, ST, GH, POA.


PO, GH, STE. ST, GHBased on the information given in the statement above, the only logical answer would be (B). If each group must be seated together except PO and HP, these are the only two groups that must be excluded from our answer choices.Here’s another example:

Question 2

Choose the correct option from among the given choices to replace the question mark so that the relationship is similar to that within the given pair.

Desolate:Occupied::Useless:?A. InadequateB. FutileC. UsefulD. IneffectiveThe correct answer is C and here’s why.

It appears, based on the relationship of words above, the answer will be the antonym of the last word in the statement, which is ‘useless’. Anything that is ‘desolate’ is bare, futile, or empty. However, the opposite of desolate would be ‘occupied’ or ‘plenty.

‘ To sustain the same relationship with the second group of words, we choose the opposite of useless: useful.And another,

Question 3

Assume that floors are polished on consecutive days, but all other scheduling policies are unchanged. For how many of the six days can it be determined that both weathered plants are watered and weathered floors are polished?A. oneB.

threeC. fourD. fiveE. sixThe correct answer is E. In reading the passage carefully, what we know for sure is that floors are polished on consecutive days, meaning back-to-back days. If floors are polished for six consecutive days and the passage asks for how many of those days can it be determined that floors are polished, your answer should be E. We don’t know much about the weathered plants to draw any logical conclusions, but what we know for sure is the information we’re given about polished floors.

We use that information to draw the most logical conclusion here.Last one:

Question 4

Jamie and Brian work at a restaurant on Tues., Wed., and Thurs. Sam and Lacy work at the same restaurant on consecutive days after the last day Jamie and Brian work. Which days must those be?A. Mon.

, Tues.B. Fri., Sun.C. Fri.

, Sat., Sun., Mon.

D. Sat., Tues.

E. Tues., Wed., Thurs.The correct answer is C. First, it’s important to know what consecutive means. If you know that consecutive means back-to-back, you must rule out B and D.

If Sam and Lacy work on back to back days after the last day Jamie and Brian work (Thursday), then the most logical assumption would be C.

Lesson Summary

Law schools have various requirements for school acceptance, but one of the most important is the LSAT, which tests an individual’s ability to be a successful law student. One of the sections of the LSAT is analytical reasoning, where deductive reasoning is tested to determine if students can make logical assumptions.

There are various ways you can increase your chances of getting a higher LSAT score, but the most important thing you can do is give yourself enough time to prepare and enough time to feel confident about taking the test. It is not an easy exam by any means, but a high LSAT score is very possible; people do it all the time. So, if you’re reading this lesson and are planning to take the LSAT test soon, go for it and good luck!

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