Romania is a country located in Southeastern Europe. It is in the temperate-continental climate. Ukraine, Hungary, Serbia, Bulgaria, Moldavia as well as the Black sea border Romania. Romania has an area of 238,397 meters squared which is 3 and something times bigger than the Czech Republic and has a population of almost 20 million people. The river Danube flows through Romania and empties itself into the Black Sea. Parts of the Carpathians are in Romania.
First, I am going to talk about some history. Romania has been inhabited since the Palaeozoic age. Pe?tera cu Oase or “The Cave with Bones” holds the oldest known Homo sapiens remains in Europe. Poiana Slatinei in Romania is known for its earliest salt works in the world. The early Neolithic cultures in Romania used it first around 6050 BCE. In the northeastern part of Romania, the Neolithic-Age Cucutenti area was the western part of the earliest European civilization, called Cucuteni-Trypillian culture. Around the year 3000 BCE migrants from Asia, with an Indo-European origin, called the Thracians, occupied the territory of modern Romania and in approx. the year 2000 BCE a part of the Thracian tribes come up as the Dacians, which are called Getae by the Greeks which arrive from the Black Sea around the year 700 BCE. Herodotus called them “the fairest and most courageous of men” because they believed in the immortality of the soul and they weren’t afraid of dying. The Greeks also created a few cities, or colonies like Histria, Tomis or Callatis. The Dacian king Burbista controlled the territory of modern Romania in 70 to 44 years BCE and in 100 AD the Dacian civilization reaches its peak. This doesn’t last long though. In 106 AD the Romans conquer and colonize Dacia and Dacia is a province of the Roman Empire until 274 AD. In the next few hundred years, there is lots of fighting about Romania an establishment of cities and religions. In 1862 Wallachia and Moldavia unite for an official state called Romania. In 1877 Romania gets it independence from the Ottoman Empire and in 1881 the Kingdom of Romania is officially created. Then in 1914, Romania joins the World War One on the side of the Triple Entente (German Empire, Austria-Hungary and Italy) with a goal to regain its lost territories. In 1918 the lost territories unite back with Romania. During the Second World War, Marshall Ion Antonescu starts a military dictatorship to get back territories that Russia “stole on the start of the war”. Romania enters the war against the Soviet Union. King Michael I arrests Marshal Ion Antonescu and reenters the war on the Allies side. In the Yalta Agreement (1945), which is an Agreement of the winning sides of the WWII of the afterwar reorganization of Europe, Romania becomes a part of the Soviet system and a Communist-dominated government is installed. In 1947, with Soviet troops on Romania’s territory, the communists, who are gradually taking power, make King Michael I abdicate and make Romania the People’s Republic of Romania. Then in 1968 Romania condemns the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia and in 1989 Romanians unite in a protest against the communist leadership. This allows the first free elections (1990) after the WWII. In 2004 Romania joins the NATO and slowly begins to get on its feet after this long soviet block.
Now to the economy. Romanians pay with Romanian Leus (or RONS). One RON is $0.26 or 0.22€ Romania is an upper-middle income mixed economy, because of being a part of the European Union single market. It also has a very good labour force. Out of the 188 countries, measured by the International Monetary Fund, Romania is the 41st largest economy in the world with $435,454 billion annual output. Romania is also the 41st in the GDP per capita ranking. The unemployment in Romania (4.9%) is very low compared to Greece (20.6%) which has the highest unemployment in the EU, but in comparison with the Czech Republic (2.7%), it is not high but not that low. The average gross salary in Romania moves around 3.257 RON per month which is about $763 per month.
Romania has a very special culture because of its special history and geographical location.