Right to life. The right to life forms the basis of all otherrights and freedoms that are developing in this sphere.
It represents theabsolute value of world civilization, for all other rights lose meaning andsignificance in the event of the death of a person.This fundamental right is quiteadmissible in two aspects. First, as a person’s right to freedom from anyunlawful attacks on life by the state, its representatives or privateindividuals.
Second, as a person’s right to freely dispose of his/her life. Thelatter allows us to talk about the right to life as a negative right – how tolive free. However, abstracting from the first aspect is hardly advisable,since it is necessary to recognize the positive obligations of the authorities.The right tolife means that the state is obliged to protect a person from encroachments onhis life.
Only those limitations of this right that are contained ininternational human rights instruments are recognized as admissible. All other rightsare related to this core right. Right to freedom of speech. Freedom ofspeech is deservedly included in the list of the most important human rights,since it is a reflection of democracy. Thus, what are elections, if not an expressionof one’s own will.
The word “vote” – tells us about this. Silence leads to arbitrariness,and people remain one on one with the state. While words, can unite people againstoppression, furthermore, to show the realities as they are. No state can callitself fair and democratic without freedom of speech. Despite, it is done forthe good of the people or not. Right to privacy.
Everyone has the right to be protected fromencroachments on personal life, family, honor and dignity. Private life is verymultilevel concept. There is no specific definition of private life, it is aterm of wide interpretation and covers different spheres of human life.
The right to privacypresupposes the possibility to live in accordance with one’s desires, whichshould not contradict the public interests, the norms of law and moralityadopted in a given society, and therefore the inviolability of private life isthe basic right of every person. The need forinviolability of the sphere of private life was reflected in recognition ininternational documents, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,the European Convention for the protection of Human Rights and FundamentalFreedoms, and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Agreat advantage is the establishment of the prohibition of any form ofarbitrary interference with private life by the state and guarantees theprotection of the state against any interference by third parties. Right to equality.
The right toequality is one of the fundamental, integral conditions for the creation of anew social institute. Additionally, it is very broad collocation by itself.Firstly, such components of “equality” of a great importance for us are – equalityof the genders, races, social status and equality before the law. By thesecomponents, we automatically assume the absence of discrimination and slavery(the concept of slavery itself eliminates the notion of equality.) Secondly, wealso distinguish two important types of equality: economic (for example abilityto have job) and political (equal rights to vote). Right to dignity.
Life without respect of each other cannot exist, because it causesmental and psychological pressure and disturbances, damages our lives andwell-being. Life in that case becomes unhappy, frightful, rambling andterrible. If no one respects another person, that will cause a chaos, and ourlife in that conditions can become meaningless and this quality of lifecan lead to the death and fatal consequences, therefore people will lose theirwills to live.
Thefollowings are the rights, which we chose as less important. Right to freedom of belief and religion. Freedom ofbelief and religion is about freely choosing in what you want to believe and towhich religion you belong. It is important to be free in regards to thequestion of religion, however in comparison with fundamental rights as rightfor life or freedom it seems less essential. It is true that when people arefree to choose their belief it makes society more stable, but if there is need tosacrifice this right it would not harm society deeply comparing to other rights.
Moreover, if certain religion would be propagandas from the begging or viceversa, no religion would be accepted by the country, it is easier to followtrend that was established in society. What it means that even if there wouldbe no guarantee of giving freedom of religion or belief, people still can behappy. Rightto keep and bear arms is the people’s right to possess weapons in order toprotect themselves. On the one hand, why people should not have this right ifcriminals possess weapons and use them to commit a crime.
Isn’t it fair forother people to have a right to keep and bear arms for the protection? We believethat the answer is no.Just bylooking at the USA as an example we see what kind of consequences may occur. Alots of people die from skirmish, including innocent people.
Additionally, people,especially children, die from unintentional shooting.In our newcivilization, we believe that we do not need to give people the right to keepand bear arms. It is state’s obligation to provide a security for the citizens. Rightto complain about prison conditions. In some states, prisoners have theright both to complain about prison conditions and to voice their concerns toprison officials and the courts. We think that the prisoners who violatedsomeone else’s rights, do not have a right to complain about his/her prisoncondition. Some may argue by saying that for the sake of rehabilitation of acriminals it is necessary to provide them a good condition.
Nevertheless, webelieve that in some way it is impossible to change a grown men. Psychologically,you can rehabilitate a person when his/her personality is forming, which is inthe stage growth but a person who is in adulthood hardly changes. Right to nationality. Right tonationality is the right of each individual to acquire, change and retain anationality. We believe that the human right to nationality in case of fullaction will lead to chaos and destroy society. For example, if this law willnot be limited, it will lead to such global consequences as – overpopulation inareas, wars, no national and territorial divisions consequently no houses, nomoney and no progressions in the world. This right deprives people of the rightto be unique and special by having their own culture, language, historicalbackgrounds and territorial borders.
Right of unbornchild. Usually right of unborn child forbids mothers to have an abortionsince the unborn child is the future subject of law. From our point of view,the law on the protection of unborn child is less important.
The maintenance ofthe child is firstly the mental and physical preparedness, also it requiresfinancial resources. Thus, if a person feels that he or she is not ready tohave a child, one should not prevent a person from making an abortion. Theargument of abortion is a moral argument which is subject to personalinterpretation so should not be legislated against.