This paper will discuss how the target population will be selected, sample size, data collection methods as well as the rationale for the identified target population. This paper will also cover the method used for determining appropriate sample size, the rationale for the collection methodology, descriptive and/or comparative statistics as well as statistical tests that can be used to analyze the data.Target Population In order to identify a target population, several questions must be addressed that cover the basics such as: who will be the recipient of the reverie and why, identification of the greatest unmet needs, current resources in place that already address such needs, and actual services that are being proposed. Identification of the greatest of unmet needs within any specific community, county or State should be the basis when determining a target population as this helps to reduce redundant efforts that are already in place.
Community needs assessments are an excellent resource and many times the work has already been completed by another parry with results readily available as “by law, local health departments are required to conduct a immunity health assessment every four years. This assessment may include information about county demographic, socioeconomic, educational, and environmental factors that affect health” (noncom. Org, peg. 17). Additional health- data and vital statistics may also be available by county through local state offices.
Rationale & Sample Uninsured individuals, individuals without residence, individuals with lower incomes and those with limited English proficiency are more likely to experience barriers to health care access. Conducting a needs assessment therefore will aid in the process of determining a target population. For purposes of this study however, the primary focus will be homeless individuals or those individuals with no documented residence. In order to accurately conduct a needs assessment, information about the county population should first be obtained.Minis should include the number of people that reside in the county, the number of uninsured individuals, the number of people in poverty, and the number of people who qualify for publicly-subsidized health insurance (Medicaid, Medicare, or Media-Cal)” (noncom. Org, peg. 20).
The demographic analysis can help determine the sampling size of the argent population, all possible needs of the target population as well as identify any characteristics that may be useful within the study.