ResearchAssignment between Canada and HaitiReginaldGhansahN00654954POLS 2000Prof.
Tyler ShipleyJanuary11, 2018 Few people and evenCanadians know that Haiti is Canadas largest aid commitment in the Americas,and second after Afghanistan. According to (Hammond), Haiti is known as aperpetual ‘failed state’ characterized by coup de ‘tats, questionable govern,riots and recently a devastating earthquake. Even before the devastatingearthquake, much of the Haitian populations were prey to food deprivation. Theaverage cost of living of any Haiti resident is slightly close to that ofCanada yet the Haiti residents employed in the manufacturing sector facedifficult conditions. The role played by the Canadian government in itsinternational relation with Haiti is a matter of concern and is subject todebate as it needs a clear analysis of historical data in order to obtain aproper conclusion as to what role the Canadian government played in Haiti.Therefore, my paper will seek to ascertain the impacts the Canadian foreignpolicy had on the Haiti’s government. The Canadiangovernment started its role in Haiti through the provision of security andstability through the agencies, and other international bodies such as theUnited Nations. After the earthquake most, Haitians sought asylum in Americafor an extended period of time.
After “rumor” of pending expiration of thisrefuge, a majority of them fled to the Canada under the perception that theywould all be welcome. A reporter from the US News was quoted saying “For manymigrants, being arrested was a key step claiming asylum into Canada” (Galvin,2017). Since Canada had not fully opened the door for Haitians in need, thisresulted in several arrests during a specific period. In order to maintainpositive perception, the media was focused more on illegal trespassers ratherthan people in need.According to thehistorical records, six years after the assisted Haiti coup, Haiti remainedoccupied by the UN police and a military best known by the acronym MINUSTAH (Engler, 2016). The former president ousted outduring the coup lives in exile in South Africa and the administration of Haitiremains in tatters.
The Canadian and US response to the Haiti earthquake addedover ten thousand troops to the country hence furthering the countries woes.During the Canadian involvement, headlines titled “Unprepared for Peace?”spread though the media with subtle mentions of the many casualties suffered.Yves Engler said it best as she suggested that the UN’s brand of assistancesupported mass murder of innocent lives of many in the name of “peace” (Engler 2016).Few Canadian’s know of therole played by Canada in Haiti, and even fewer know the remarkable role the Canadiansadministration role in the Haitians land. Haiti is the second oldest republicin the western hemisphere. It was once part of the colony France of saintDominique, a sugar plantation with many slaves.
But historical records showthat in 1971, Haiti people began resisting, winning and fighting the singlesuccessful historical human revolt (Hammond). With the French “ancestry” it wasvery probable that during a search for a residence post-earthquake that Quebecwould be a logical choice.Canadian foreignpolices with regards to the republic of Haiti date back to the historical thishistorical period.
There are plenty immigration records of immigration fromHaiti to Quebec that date back to the 1700s, when both were part of the French Empire.The exchange slowed when the French started losing its colonies in the newworld during the mid-eighteenth century. These relations between Haiti andCanada grew again in the early twentieth century but this time it wasrestricted to the French speaking elites between the two nations.
The FrenchCanadians began a mission to replace the French and Belgian missionaries whowere dispersed by the world wars who were dominant in the Haiti Catholiccommunity.The wealthy people ofHaiti started preferring their children to study in Quebec while at the sametime using it for their health and immigration purposes. This was believed tobe a major step in cementing strong association with Quebec. The integrationbetween the French speaking immigrants and the Canadian societies was wellestablished. In the year 1964, Dr. Monestie was elected as the fast blackCanadian mayor after he moved to the francophone community of Mattawa (TorontoStar). The Canadian government has persisted in treating the Haitians as Frenchspeaking individuals through their documentation even though the Majority ofHaiti people speak Haitian Creole.
A visible exception to this rule was theeducators. The French-speaking teachers realized that they required French astheir second language.Immigration provideda long-standing relation between Haiti and Canada. It ended up with Haitibecoming the first Latin American and Caribbean country where an officialpolicy and relations were made.
Most of the Haitian population are today livingin Quebec. In the year 2004 the visible results of the shift were seen when theFrench, the us and the Canadian troops removed president Aristide from office.The planning for his removal took place in Ottawa, under the Prime ministerJean Chretien ten and his Liberal government. They later installed an unelectedgovernment led by one Gerard Latortue from the year 2004 to 2006.The Canadiangovernments as legal grounds to harass and detain former members of theAristide government have since used this report. Recently Phares Pierre wasfired from the Canadas immigration and refugee board.
Others accused in thealleged incident, the likes of Ronald Dauplin remained imprisoned withoutproper trial, although the penitentiary was destroyed by earthquake. All theseallegations were in inn the run to make sure that the Canadian governmenteradicated all potential threats to the non-legitimate government.In conclusion, myquestion is, is Canada really helping Haiti? Throughout all this, the effortsdisplayed by the Canadian government are seen as being beneficial to Haiti andthe Haitians.
Correct and accurate evidence of good acts by the Canadian werevery scarce despite Haitians attempt for a positive bridge to and with Canada.The non-governmental organizations pay international level wages rather thanthe Haitian ones (Killian, 2013). The funds can never have a viable investmentin the Haitian soil and existing institutions. Through all this, everyinterested individuals sees that Haiti needs help.
However, that help must beincorporated with the historical understanding of Haiti’s history and therecognition of the poor majority of the Haitians majority individuals. The poorhave received a negative sidelining from the elites of Haiti and theirinternational backers. ReferencesMcKenna,P. (2012). Canada looks South: In searchof an Americas policy.Hammond,S. (n.d.
). The Canada-Haiti Information Project. Retrieved January 18, 2018,from https://www.canadahaitiaction.ca/canada-haiti-history Engler,Y. (2016, February 29). Canada’s Military Role in Haiti’s “UN StabilizationMission”. Retrieved January 17, 2018, fromhttps://www.
globalresearch.ca/canadas-military-role-in-haiti-un-stabilization-mission/5513773 Cochrane,D. (2017, August 3). Waves of asylum seekers keep coming at illegal bordercrossing in Quebec | CBC News. Retrieved January 18, 2018, fromhttp://www.
cbc.ca/news/politics/asylum-seekers-quebec-roxham-1.4232608 UW-Greenbay.(2015, April 26). Bargaining with freedom.
Retrieved January 18, 2018, fromhttps://blog.uwgb.edu/revolutions/tag/napoleon/ Galvin,G. (2017, August 30). Asylum seekers flocking to canada.
Retrieved January 17,2018, from https://www.usnews.com/news/best-countries/articles/2017-08-30/canadian-immigration-agencies-overwhelmed-by-influx-of-haitian-asylum-seekers Toronto Star. Photo exhibit honours Canada’s first electedblack mayor. (n.d.
). Retrieved January 18, 2018, fromhttps://www.thestar.com/life/blackhistorymonth/2014/02/17/photo_exhibit_honours_canadas_first_elected_black_mayor.html