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Assignment between Canada and Haiti


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POLS 2000


Tyler Shipley

11, 2018










Few people and even
Canadians know that Haiti is Canadas largest aid commitment in the Americas,
and second after Afghanistan. According to (Hammond), Haiti is known as a
perpetual ‘failed state’ characterized by coup de ‘tats, questionable govern,
riots and recently a devastating earthquake. Even before the devastating
earthquake, much of the Haitian populations were prey to food deprivation. The
average cost of living of any Haiti resident is slightly close to that of
Canada yet the Haiti residents employed in the manufacturing sector face
difficult conditions. The role played by the Canadian government in its
international relation with Haiti is a matter of concern and is subject to
debate as it needs a clear analysis of historical data in order to obtain a
proper conclusion as to what role the Canadian government played in Haiti.

Therefore, my paper will seek to ascertain the impacts the Canadian foreign
policy had on the Haiti’s government.

The Canadian
government started its role in Haiti through the provision of security and
stability through the agencies, and other international bodies such as the
United Nations. After the earthquake most, Haitians sought asylum in America
for an extended period of time. After “rumor” of pending expiration of this
refuge, a majority of them fled to the Canada under the perception that they
would all be welcome. A reporter from the US News was quoted saying “For many
migrants, being arrested was a key step claiming asylum into Canada” (Galvin,
2017). Since Canada had not fully opened the door for Haitians in need, this
resulted in several arrests during a specific period. In order to maintain
positive perception, the media was focused more on illegal trespassers rather
than people in need.

According to the
historical records, six years after the assisted Haiti coup, Haiti remained
occupied by the UN police and a military best known by the acronym MINUSTAH (Engler, 2016). The former president ousted out
during the coup lives in exile in South Africa and the administration of Haiti
remains in tatters. The Canadian and US response to the Haiti earthquake added
over ten thousand troops to the country hence furthering the countries woes.

During the Canadian involvement, headlines titled “Unprepared for Peace?”
spread though the media with subtle mentions of the many casualties suffered.

Yves Engler said it best as she suggested that the UN’s brand of assistance
supported mass murder of innocent lives of many in the name of  “peace” (Engler 2016).

Few Canadian’s know of the
role played by Canada in Haiti, and even fewer know the remarkable role the Canadians
administration role in the Haitians land. Haiti is the second oldest republic
in the western hemisphere. It was once part of the colony France of saint
Dominique, a sugar plantation with many slaves. But historical records show
that in 1971, Haiti people began resisting, winning and fighting the single
successful historical human revolt (Hammond). With the French “ancestry” it was
very probable that during a search for a residence post-earthquake that Quebec
would be a logical choice.

Canadian foreign
polices with regards to the republic of Haiti date back to the historical this
historical period. There are plenty immigration records of immigration from
Haiti to Quebec that date back to the 1700s, when both were part of the French Empire.

The exchange slowed when the French started losing its colonies in the new
world during the mid-eighteenth century. These relations between Haiti and
Canada grew again in the early twentieth century but this time it was
restricted to the French speaking elites between the two nations. The French
Canadians began a mission to replace the French and Belgian missionaries who
were dispersed by the world wars who were dominant in the Haiti Catholic

The wealthy people of
Haiti started preferring their children to study in Quebec while at the same
time using it for their health and immigration purposes. This was believed to
be a major step in cementing strong association with Quebec. The integration
between the French speaking immigrants and the Canadian societies was well
established. In the year 1964, Dr. Monestie was elected as the fast black
Canadian mayor after he moved to the francophone community of Mattawa (Toronto
Star). The Canadian government has persisted in treating the Haitians as French
speaking individuals through their documentation even though the Majority of
Haiti people speak Haitian Creole. A visible exception to this rule was the
educators. The French-speaking teachers realized that they required French as
their second language.

Immigration provided
a long-standing relation between Haiti and Canada. It ended up with Haiti
becoming the first Latin American and Caribbean country where an official
policy and relations were made. Most of the Haitian population are today living
in Quebec. In the year 2004 the visible results of the shift were seen when the
French, the us and the Canadian troops removed president Aristide from office.

The planning for his removal took place in Ottawa, under the Prime minister
Jean Chretien ten and his Liberal government. They later installed an unelected
government led by one Gerard Latortue from the year 2004 to 2006.

The Canadian
governments as legal grounds to harass and detain former members of the
Aristide government have since used this report. Recently Phares Pierre was
fired from the Canadas immigration and refugee board. Others accused in the
alleged incident, the likes of Ronald Dauplin remained imprisoned without
proper trial, although the penitentiary was destroyed by earthquake. All these
allegations were in inn the run to make sure that the Canadian government
eradicated all potential threats to the non-legitimate government.

In conclusion, my
question is, is Canada really helping Haiti? Throughout all this, the efforts
displayed by the Canadian government are seen as being beneficial to Haiti and
the Haitians. Correct and accurate evidence of good acts by the Canadian were
very scarce despite Haitians attempt for a positive bridge to and with Canada.

The non-governmental organizations pay international level wages rather than
the Haitian ones (Killian, 2013). The funds can never have a viable investment
in the Haitian soil and existing institutions. Through all this, every
interested individuals sees that Haiti needs help. However, that help must be
incorporated with the historical understanding of Haiti’s history and the
recognition of the poor majority of the Haitians majority individuals. The poor
have received a negative sidelining from the elites of Haiti and their
international backers.












P. (2012). Canada looks South: In search
of an Americas policy.

S. (n.d.). The Canada-Haiti Information Project. Retrieved January 18, 2018,


Y. (2016, February 29). Canada’s Military Role in Haiti’s “UN Stabilization
Mission”. Retrieved January 17, 2018, from

Canada’s Military Role in Haiti’s “UN Stabilization Mission”


D. (2017, August 3). Waves of asylum seekers keep coming at illegal border
crossing in Quebec | CBC News. Retrieved January 18, 2018, from



(2015, April 26). Bargaining with freedom. Retrieved January 18, 2018, from


G. (2017, August 30). Asylum seekers flocking to canada. Retrieved January 17,
2018, from


Toronto Star. Photo exhibit honours Canada’s first elected
black mayor. (n.d.). Retrieved January 18, 2018, from






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