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President George W. Bush began his first term as
president on January 20, 2001 and ended on January 20, 2005, which is when his
second term began. During his first term George W. Bush faced many challenges
such as terrorist, immigration, war, and oil prices. He had at one point the
highest approval rating of any president. (Biography of President George W.
Bush) Internet.      On September 11,
2001, eight months after Bush had taken office, terrorists hijacked airplanes
and flew them into the twin towers of the in New York City and The Pentagon in
Arlington, Virginia. On the evening of the day of the attacks, the President
declared a war on terror. Soon afterwards, President Bush’s approval rating
rose to 90%, the highest approval rating recorded for any president by the
Gallup Organization, which began the poll during the presidency of Franklin D.
Roosevelt. (Fahrenheit 9/11) Moore.Bush’s first policy-related response to 9/11
came on October 8, 2001 when, during a speech to Congress, he announced the
creation of the Office of Homeland Security and appointed Tom Ridge, former
governor of Pennsylvania, as its director. This was the first executive-level
office to be created since 1988, when President Ronald Reagan appointed a head
to the Department of Veterans Affairs. The stated goal of the Homeland Security
office was to develop and coordinate the implementation of a comprehensive
national strategy and to secure the United States from terrorist threats or
attacks. The department’s most public accomplishment came on March 12, 2002
with the unveiling of the Homeland Security Advisory System, a system of
color-coded alerts designed to warn the populace of the assessed level of
threat, based on the evaluation of credible intelligence reports, currently
posed by terrorists. The terror alert level was and continues to be posted on a
daily basis. (George W. Bush) Encyclopedia.In the fall of 2002, during his
State of the Union Address, Bush set forth what has come to be known as the
Bush Doctrine. Although the doctrine was technically used for justifying the
invasion of Afghanistan, it was not clearly stated until the address. Simply
put, because of the “new world” Americans were now living in and the
reality of massive terrorist attacks orchestrated by organizations that exist
in multiple places all over the world, the United States no longer had the
luxury of thinking of the world as exclusively made up of sovereign nations.
Due to this, the United States would now implement a policy of using a preemptive
strike against any nation known to harbor or aid any terrorist organization.
President Bush also outlined what he called the Axis of Evil, consisting of
three nations that he stated posed a threat to world peace, namely Iraq, North
Korea and Iran. (George W. Bush) Encyclopedia.The Bush administration began
announcing that officials had supposedly discovered weapons of mass destruction
(WMDs) in Iraq. The description of these weapons ranged from chemical to
nuclear weapons. The administration supported their claim with intelligence
documents as well as aerial photographs. Saddam Hussein, then-President of
Iraq, was described as being a threat to the world and his own people as long
as he remained in power – especially if his regime had access to WMDs. 

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