PAPERTPB(TAHAPAN PERSIAPAN BERSAMA) SUSTAINABLEDEVELOPMENT GOALS 10REDUCE INEQUALITY IN INDONESIAArranged to Complete The Final Taskof TPB (Tahapan Persiapan Bersama) SubjectArranged by:Khansa Nadika (NPM. 240210170045) FACULTY OF AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRYTECHNOLOGYPADJADJARAN UNIVERSITYJATINANGOR2017/2018PREFACEThepraise and gratitude of the author pray to Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala because ofHis mercy and blessings, the author can finish a paper entitled “SustainableDevelopment Goals 10 Reduce Inequality in Indonesia” well and timely.Onthis occasion, the author conveys the gratitude to the parties who have beenpetrified in making this paper. The author realizes that the writing of thispaper is still far from perfect and still many shortcomings, therefore theauthors expect suggestions and constructive criticism from all parties in orderto achieve a better paper again. Hopefully, this paper is useful for allparties. Bandung, January 8th , 2018 AuthorTABLE OF CONTENTS Page PREFACE.
. i TABLE OF CONTENTS. ii CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION..
1 1.1 Issues Background. 1 1.2 Problem Formulation. 1 1.3 Purpose.
2 CHAPTER II DISCUSSION.. 3 2.1 The Meaning of Social Inequality.
3 2.2 Factors that Affect The Occurrence of Social Inequality in Indonesia. 4 2.3 Impact of Social Inequality. 4 2.4 Efforts to Reduce Social Inequality. 5 2.5 Perspective of Pancasila and Citizenship about Social Inequality.
6 CHAPTER III FINAL.. 8 3.1 Conclusion.
8 3.2 Advice. 8 REFERENCES. 9 CHAPTER IINTRODUCTION1.1 Issues BackgroundInequalitiesbased on economic growth, income, gender, age, health, ethnicity, culture, religion,poverty, unequal access to facilities, unequal opportunities, lack of access tojobs resulting in unemployment, etc.
are problems that can’t be solved entirelyin the life of the world community. In fact, in a global survey conducted bythe UN Development Program, policymakers from around the world recognize thatinequalities in their countries are generally high and potentially threateninglong-term social and economic development.Alsoincluded in Indonesia, a country with the population of about 240 millionpeople, consisting of thousands of islands, various ethnicities, cultures,religions with the population that increases every year, Indonesia certainlydoesn’t escape from various problems that arise, including poverty, educationproblems, health, and others. This has led to inequalities in people’s lives,especially the social inequality. The social inequality is triggered bywidespread poverty. Social inequalities are common in urban areas, but they arealso likely to occur in rural areas or both. Because in the urban is easy tosee between the rich and the poor.
Where a person who has a high social statusalways alienates someone who has low social status or vice versa. Thissocial inequality doesn’t reflect justice. Therefore, it takes effort from thegovernment and society to jointly reduce the gaps that arise in various aspectsof community life to realize the life of a prosperous society. To reduce theworldwide inequality, the UN (United Nations) has formulated the strategiescontained in the SDGs Goals 10.1.
2 Problem FormulationBasedon the background, the problems that arise can be formulated as follows:1. Whatis the meaning of social inequality?2. Whatare the factors that influence social inequalities in Indonesia?3. Whatare the impacts of social inequalities in society?4. Howare the efforts done in reducing social inequalities in the community?5. Howare social inequalities seen from the point of view of Pancasila andCitizenship?1.3 Purpose The purpose of writing this paper, namely:1. Tofulfill the final task of TPB subject.
2. Toknow the understanding of social inequality.3. Toknow the factors that affect the occurrence of social inequality in Indonesia.4. Toknow the impact of social inequality in the society.
5. Toknow the efforts undertaken in reducing social inequalities in the community.6. Toknow the perspective of Pancasila and Citizenship about social inequality insociety.
CHAPTER IIDISCUSSION2.1 The Meaning of SocialInequalityAccordingto KBBI (Big Indonesian Dictionary), the gap comes from the word”gap” which means not symmetrical, not the same part on the left andon the right, parallel, very different, different, there is a gap. Meanwhile,according to Badruzaman (2009), social inequality is a social imbalance thatexists in the community so that makes a very striking difference.Socialinequalities arise from differences in status in social, economic, or politicallife. Social inequality is a complex phenomenon that occurs almost in everycountry in the world, including Indonesia. The rights and obligations of thepeople aren’t evenly distributed and the lack of access to utilize availableresources and unequal opportunities. The current gap or inequality in Indonesiais clearly visible, for example in political life that is between stateofficials and the public. When state officials are admitted guilty before thelaw as corrupt, but in the execution of punishment, they are given a specialfacility that they clearly do as they wish and break the rules.
In contrast to ordinarypeople, for example, when stealing sandals alone can be charged with severepenalties. This, of course, leads to injustice and a high inequality betweenupper and lower classes.Thenthere is the oppression of people who have low social status by people who havea high social status such as discrimination for those who have mentaldisability or malnutrition, different race, and religion or the difference ofthe smart and the fool in terms of education. And the most influential in theeconomic field is the large or small income earned that determines the level ofpoverty of a person. These problems occur because one part feels better andhave a high or powerful position than another.
It makes the paradigm in thesociety that the rich are getting richer and the poor are getting poorer.2.2 Factors that Affect theOccurrence of Social Inequality in IndonesiaOneof the causes of social inequality is the obstacles to getting a decent life andnot getting the same opportunities with other groups.
Basically, the factorsthat affect the inequalities are divided into 2, namely:1. InternalFactorsInternalfactors are factors that come from inside a person, in which the low quality ofhuman resources due to the low level of education and health as well as theemergence of the culture of poverty. Poverty is the biggest and major factordetermining social inequalities in society, where social inequality stems frompoverty. This culture of poverty continues from generation to generation ifthey don’t improve their quality of life by working hard, eliminating lazinessand apathy, and having an orientation toward the future.
A social gap beginswhen a person is in the mother’s womb when the mother is unable to providecomplete health facilities when in the womb, during childbirth, and in thechild’s nutritional fulfillment hinders her growth and stunting due to lack ofcost. Then because of the high cost of education, the child is not able to continuehis education up to college, and can’t get a decent job. This is very differentwhen we compare with the mother who is able to satisfy all the facilities ofhis child to be able to get a decent job. 2. ExternalFactorsExternal factorsare factors that come from outside a person. This happens not because of lazywork or low resources but because of official government policies or certainagencies, thus limiting one’s chances to take advantage of the availableopportunities. The lack of employment resulting in unemployment is also afactor in the emergence of social inequality because a work is a source ofpeople’s economy.2.
3 Impact of SocialInequalityThe social inequality has both positiveand negative impacts. The positive impact, which encourages all groups to begrateful for what they have and empathize with fellow human deficiencies. Butsocial inequality also has a negative impact on people’s lives, such as theincreasingly widespread crime that occurs especially in urban areas where thesocial gap is very high. This crime arises from social jealousy and lack ofemployment, so to keep up with the necessities of life many people are willingto do anything to survive. The next is the heightened nature of egoism and individualism.So that social welfare can’t be achieved.
2.4 Efforts to ReduceSocial InequalityTo reduce the social inequality,cooperation between the government and the community is needed. In reducing thegap, the UN plays a role in formulating some of the targets and strategiessummarized in the Goal 10 SDGs. Here are some possible efforts:1. GovernmentEffortsa) Provideequal opportunities in education, to obtain a proper education for allcommunities.b) Provideadequate health facilities for underprivileged communities.
c) Creatingas many jobs as possible.d) Equityin development in all regions and not focused in urban areas.2. SocietyEffortsa) Obeythe commands of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala and stay away from His prohibitions.b) Workhard to improve the quality of life.c) Growinga sense of love for the homeland, nation, and country.
d) Befair and social.e) Appreciatethe difference3. UNEffortsAccordingto Son (2016), the goal achievement strategy of SDGs goal 10 as follows:a) Increasingthe absorption of the poor and productive labor force into the leadingmanufacturing sector.b) Developmentof value-added processing value ranta activities to support the local economicdevelopment and leading commodities based on agro-industry.c) Improvementof major commodity distribution chain in favor of smallholders.d) Developmentof local economy in outer islands based on local natural potency.2.
5 Perspective ofPancasila and Citizenship about Social InequalityIndonesiais based on five principles called Pancasila as the basis of the state and the1945 Constitution as the basic law. In practice, Indonesia must continue tokeep up Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution. If one point is ignored fromPancasila and not practiced in daily life, then there will be serious problems,one of which is what we are discussing now is social inequality.Thesocial gap is related to Pancasila, the first precept that reads “Believein The One Supreme God”. A nation that believes in the existence of Godmeans upholding moral values and decency. One of the impacts of the increasingsocial inequality is a crime. Crime is a disgraceful act in which there is adeprivation of the rights of others. This means, the fear of the Creator, Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala, has faded and theydon’t uphold Godhead.
Thecurrent social inequality in Indonesia does not reflect justice and contradictsthe fifth precept of Pancasila which reads “Social Justice for All the Peopleof Indonesia”. This fifth precept means that all Indonesians are entitled toequal opportunity to gain access to equal economic life, adequate education,and a decent life. And also we must be fair to others, not to use the propertyfor wastes and fancy lifestyles, respecting the rights of others to berespected by others. Because in truth, in what we have, there are otherpeople’s rights that we have to fulfill. In accordance with the ideals of theIndonesian people listed in the preamble of the 1945 Constitution that “…protectingthe whole Indonesian nation and the entire Indonesian blood sphere and to promotethe general welfare, educate the life of the nation…” which in its achievementrequired cooperation between all parties. The fact remains that the problem ofsocial inequality means that Indonesia hasn’t been able to achieve the welfareof the people as a whole. In Article 34 paragraph 1-4 of the 1945 Constitutionexplained the existence of state obligations in the field of social welfare torealize life in accordance with the dignity and human dignity.Thesocial inequality contradicts Pancasila’s second precept which reads “Justiceand Civilized Humanity”.
The second precept implies recognizing equality,rights, and duties among fellow human beings regardless of their social,economic, and political status, then there is a sense of mutual love of eachother despite differences, then to develop a tolerant and non-arbitraryattitude towards others, and uphold the value of humanity.Thesocial inequality also contradicts the third precept of Pancasila which reads”The Unity of Indonesia”. This third precept has the meaning thatIndonesia strongly upholds unity in holiness both in terms of religion, race,ethnicity, culture, and others. While social inequality itself triggersdivision in society. In Article 27 paragraph 3 of the 1945 Constitution explainedthat we are required to live harmonious and tolerant of differences and upholdthe Unity in Diversity. CHAPTER III FINAL3.1 ConclusionItcan be concluded that social inequality is a complex problem that needs to beaddressed by the government and targeted as an effort to prosper the people ofIndonesia. Poverty and the low quality of education which continues tounemployment are the main factors driving social inequality in Indonesia.
Theimpact of social inequality one of them is the existence of criminal acts. Toovercome these impacts, the way is to eradicate poverty, maximize education,and open up jobs as much as possible. And also by applying Pancasila as aguideline of life. 3.2 AdviceInaddressing the social inequalities which are the world biggest problem thatcausing serious and threatening impacts to the nation, we as Indonesian have tobe able to help the government to eradicate the social inequality by startingfrom ourselves with care to others because the government can’t work alone.
Therefore,the people of Indonesia can get a decent life and the fulfillment of rights andprosperous society according to what is aspired in the 1945 Constitution.REFERENCESBadruzaman, A. 2009. Dari Teologi Menuju Aksi (Membela yangLemah, Menggempur Kesenjangan). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
Son, D. 2016. STRATEGI PENCAPAIAN TARGET DAN INDIKATOR SDGs. Retrived on January9th 2018, from http://indconsult.blogspot.co.id/2016/03/straMustikasari, A. 2013.
Kesenjangan Sosial. Retrived on January10th 2018, from http://mustikaanitaaa.blogspot.co.id/2013/11/kesenjangan-sosial.html