One lesson to be learntfrom the refugee crises that is common since the First World War till today isthat wars are inevitable. Conflicts among nations have grown to a new high thiscentury. Wars, famines, persecution and other circumstances have forcedmillions of people to be displaced over the last century. Looking at how therefugee crises was dealt with in the past century, we can see that a betterapproach needs to be adopted. At first, after World War 1, the League ofNations was established.
This institution failed to provide adequate aid to allthose 8 million refugees that were displaced. Then came the World War 2, afterwhich the United Nations was established. The UN did a fair job in alleviatingthe problem of the refugees and it still continues to work today. However, thecontribution of the UN and other similar institutions is not enough. Theseinstitutions lack funds and enforcement powers necessary for them to functionat their best level.Even though integrationof global communities has occurred over the past few decades, the governmentsof these countries need to work more in order to unite further.
A betterintegration of the governments and communities of the world will ensure thatthe refugee crisis does not deteriorate further.The global communitycannot do much to prevent wars and conflicts from occurring. All we can do isprovide better aid and be welcoming to those suffering during this crisis. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FUTURETaking into considerationthe authors’ opinions and interpretations from this study, the followingrecommendations are proposed: -1. Better treatment of refugees – All therefugees today are given humanitarian aid, which seems like a good optionconsidering the current situation.
However, this aid does not do enough to helpthe refugees. They are only provided with the basic necessities like shelter,food, sanitation, etc. However, not much is done for their development.Refugees must be given developmental aid apart from the basic humanitarian aid.These refugees are treated as passive recipients of aid without the ability tocontribute productively to the economy of the host country (Helen Clark, 2016). This must be stopped. With propereducation and training, these refugees will definitely be able to contribute tothe growth of the host country’s economy.
For this purpose, NGOs involved ineducating the under-privileged can take initiatives to educate the refugees aswell. 2. Blend funds – This requires creation of amodel which blends public, private and charitable contributions. Private-sectorstandards should be followed while allocating these funds which will ensureeffective and efficient mobilisation of funds.
This model has already been putto use – a World Economic Forum survey found that every $1 invested in suchinitiatives attracted as much as $20 of private investments (Deva, 2017)3. Make international organisations more powerful– International organisations working to find a solution to the refugee crisessuch as UNHCR, IOM, etc need to be given more power and funds to function.These organisations lack the funds to carry out their intended operations in aproper manner. Apart from this, they also lack human capital on the ground toaddress the plight of the refugees and provide them with necessary help.Another problem faced by these agencies is that they are not well integratedaround the world. They heavily depend on government integration which may notalways be possible, especially among conflict-torn countries.
4. Develop areas of permanent residence –Conflicts all around the world do not seem to end. Many of the refugees fleeingtheir home countries do not wish to go back, given the fear of war andpersecution. They wish to seek asylum in and become permanent residents ofsafer countries. A majority of those displaced spend decades and lifetimes inexile (Helen Clark, 2016).
The only solution to this is todevelop dedicated areas around the world that can house these refugeespermanently. This has already been initiated by a Naguib Sarawis, an Egyptianbillionaire and the owner of two Greek islands who plans to develop them, byemploying the refugees themselves, in order to house them (Slaughter, 2015). If Saudi Arabia can build a $500billion city to house robots, the least the countries around the world can dois develop areas to house the refugees in distress.
It is now time for us allto integrate our actions and work in unity to aid the anguishing refugees.