One lesson to be learnt
from the refugee crises that is common since the First World War till today is
that wars are inevitable. Conflicts among nations have grown to a new high this
century. Wars, famines, persecution and other circumstances have forced
millions of people to be displaced over the last century.
Looking at how the
refugee crises was dealt with in the past century, we can see that a better
approach needs to be adopted. At first, after World War 1, the League of
Nations was established. This institution failed to provide adequate aid to all
those 8 million refugees that were displaced. Then came the World War 2, after
which the United Nations was established. The UN did a fair job in alleviating
the problem of the refugees and it still continues to work today. However, the
contribution of the UN and other similar institutions is not enough. These
institutions lack funds and enforcement powers necessary for them to function
at their best level.
Even though integration
of global communities has occurred over the past few decades, the governments
of these countries need to work more in order to unite further. A better
integration of the governments and communities of the world will ensure that
the refugee crisis does not deteriorate further.
The global community
cannot do much to prevent wars and conflicts from occurring. All we can do is
provide better aid and be welcoming to those suffering during this crisis.
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FUTURE
Taking into consideration
the authors’ opinions and interpretations from this study, the following
recommendations are proposed: –
Better treatment of refugees – All the
refugees today are given humanitarian aid, which seems like a good option
considering the current situation. However, this aid does not do enough to help
the refugees. They are only provided with the basic necessities like shelter,
food, sanitation, etc. However, not much is done for their development.
Refugees must be given developmental aid apart from the basic humanitarian aid.
These refugees are treated as passive recipients of aid without the ability to
contribute productively to the economy of the host country (Helen Clark, 2016). This must be stopped. With proper
education and training, these refugees will definitely be able to contribute to
the growth of the host country’s economy. For this purpose, NGOs involved in
educating the under-privileged can take initiatives to educate the refugees as
Blend funds – This requires creation of a
model which blends public, private and charitable contributions. Private-sector
standards should be followed while allocating these funds which will ensure
effective and efficient mobilisation of funds. This model has already been put
to use – a World Economic Forum survey found that every $1 invested in such
initiatives attracted as much as $20 of private investments (Deva, 2017)
Make international organisations more powerful
– International organisations working to find a solution to the refugee crises
such as UNHCR, IOM, etc need to be given more power and funds to function.
These organisations lack the funds to carry out their intended operations in a
proper manner. Apart from this, they also lack human capital on the ground to
address the plight of the refugees and provide them with necessary help.
Another problem faced by these agencies is that they are not well integrated
around the world. They heavily depend on government integration which may not
always be possible, especially among conflict-torn countries.
Develop areas of permanent residence –
Conflicts all around the world do not seem to end. Many of the refugees fleeing
their home countries do not wish to go back, given the fear of war and
persecution. They wish to seek asylum in and become permanent residents of
safer countries. A majority of those displaced spend decades and lifetimes in
exile (Helen Clark, 2016). The only solution to this is to
develop dedicated areas around the world that can house these refugees
permanently. This has already been initiated by a Naguib Sarawis, an Egyptian
billionaire and the owner of two Greek islands who plans to develop them, by
employing the refugees themselves, in order to house them (Slaughter, 2015). If Saudi Arabia can build a $500
billion city to house robots, the least the countries around the world can do
is develop areas to house the refugees in distress.
It is now time for us all
to integrate our actions and work in unity to aid the anguishing refugees.