Nowadays,Singaporeans are heavily relying on Internet for news and latest information, tosocialize with friends and family on social media, and to shop. As many of themare spending more time online by using different types of software to performactivities for work and pleasure. Therefore, they become the targets of cybercriminals, who normally preying on those who go online often. According to the SingaporeCyber Landscape Report 2016 (Koh, 2017), it is reported that compared to thetotal number of crime cases, cybercrimes cases have been rising from 7.
9 percent in 2014 to 13.7 per cent in 2016. Itmay be unlikely that cybercrime can be eliminated, yet, it is possible toprevent them from happening. There are interventions targeting those who haspotential to develop criminal behavior so that it is easier to prevent them beforethey become one (Welsh & Farrington, 2004).
However, it is difficult topredict anybody who will become a cybercriminal due to individual differences.Hence, it can only be achieved if there are more database of the complete profileof various types of cybercriminal. Moreover,another possible crime prevention strategy to mitigate cybercrime is to identifyways to encourage users to engage in safer online behavior. LaRose et al.(2008) showed that individuals are more likely to engage in preventive safety behaviorwhen they perceive online safety as their own personal responsibilitiescompared to those who don’t.
As such, they will read and understand privacypolicies before downloading software and restrict any pop-up messages. In thiscase, to prevent cybercrimes from happening, personal responsibilities need tobe emphasized and promoted to ensure internet safety. Themost effective way to avoid cybercrimes form happening is to implement strictset of laws for the virtual world and to ensure the wrongdoings are observedand punished appropriately (Kirwan & Power, 2013). For example, underComputer Misuse and Cybersecurity Act, individuals who obtain personalinformation of others like trading in hacked credit card details is consideredas illegal (Kwang, 2017). Cybercriminals have adopted more sophisticated techniques to lure their victimswhich is the reason of why cybercrimes have been growing during the past fewyears. Hence, the Government, law enforcement agencies and the communities haveto cooperate with one another to mitigate this major problem. Lastbut not least, it is important to raise cyber awareness among individuals andcompanies through education.
To ensure the safety of online users, knowledgeregarding the use of technology in the protection of users and equipment needto be spread among the communities (Farrel & Pease, 2006). For instance,antivirus software and secure log-ins need to be taught whenever they are performingactivities online. As there is no use crying over spilt milk, it is better to implementthe crime prevention strategies before it is too late.