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Northwest Territories has many diamond mines. In fact about 133 million carats of rough diamonds a year.

There are important jobs behind getting those diamonds. The first job is miners and producers. This job includes people who mine rough diamonds and sort them. The second job is cutters and polishers. This job is where the diamonds are cut, cleaned, and polished. During this process, the diamonds lose 50-60 percent of their weight.

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Lastly, the final process is jewelry manufacturers as well as retailers. They use the diamond to create the jewelry or goods then sell them. Companies like Tiffany, Cartier, Louis Vuitton, Gucci, and Chanel. However, there are almost 250,000 jewelry retailers worldwide. Diamond mining is one of the many important industries in the north.

Seal clubbing isn’t clubbing with seals but an illegal hunting game. In Canada, it is illegal to hunt newborn harp seals and young hooded seals. These are the seals with white fluffy coats and the blue-skinned seals. At the age of 12-14 days, the seals are called ragged-jacket and can be hunted. Why do we hunt seals? As adorable as they are, aboriginals use the skin to create waterproof jackets and boots. The fur is most often used for fur coats. Sailors also use the skin to make tobacco pouches.

Luckily the number of seal kills has gone down. In 2007 it was as high as 82,800 however, in 2010 it was 67,000. Eight years later the number is much less and I hope it continues to deteriorate.

The Inuits, also known as Eskimos which came from the Native word “eater of raw meat”. However, we no longer call them Eskimos and therefore out of respect we call them Inuit. Inuit stands for “the people”.

The Inuit believe that all living things have a spirit. The Inuit eat land mammals such as caribou, polar bear, and muskox. They occasionally eat birds and bird eggs. If they go ice fishing they catch saltwater fish and freshwater fish.  This includes sculpin, arctic cod, arctic char, capelin, and lake trout.  South Recently in 2017 college teachers went on strike for job security. If a teacher doesn’t have job security it means they would constantly be switched around with no say in it. Every day you could have a new teacher.

They wanted to ensure that this wouldn’t happen and instead, they could go to the same building, same room, with the same set of students every day. This did not only affect the teachers but more importantly the college students. Students attending these colleges had to work from home. This meant that they had to complete work without lectures and without resources like books. Often the books were needed to complete their work thus, this was a large issue.

 In the end, teachers got what they wanted and as of the beginning of December, they now have job security. In Ontario, we have Cootes Paradise. It’s a marsh,  a shallow, heavily vegetated wetland where many animals come to spawn.

There are many plants that grow in the middle of the marsh.  Invasive species such as carp and goldfish are harming the marsh. They dig up the roots at the bottom of the marsh to look for food, however, this mucks up the water and stop the sun from reaching to other plant life at the bottom. It is also semi-polluted. It was made to prevent carp, goldfish and other invasive species to stop polluting the marsh, known as Cootes Paradise.

Fish swim into a cage where they can get in but not out as long as they are wider the 5 cm, and then they pull the cage up twice a day and sort the fish into 2 groups, Invasive species, and native species. They weigh the native fish and send them into cootes, and reject the carp back into Hamilton. Manna grass is also a problem because it lives in the same kind of conditions as cattails bullrush and wild rice. What the manna grass does is it grows in the same places as the native marsh plants and it smothers them because of how many more seeds they put out causing them to take over. The reason they haven’t been destroyed or kept under control is that they are a very sharp grass and the animals don’t eat them because the grass is too sharp for their tongues so they don’t eat it. Garlic Mustard is another problem because it releases a toxin into the soil that only it is immune to so all the plants around it die and it grows because the toxin doesn’t harm them which as It spreads it releases more toxin in the new place it grows killing more and more plants. It is also invasive which means it takes over any plant near it.

To stop both these invasive plant species they are putting a black tarp over manna grass to bake it so it dies, and uprooting garlic mustard. Toronto. The home of our CN tower which is our main tourist attraction. However, that isn’t the only attraction. Toronto is home to places like the TFC stadium, BMO centre, Rogers centre, Air Canada centre, Ripley’s aquarium, Molson amphitheater, and Massey Hall. Many sports take place in Toronto as well.

In the Rogers centre, you can watch the famous Toronto Blue Jays and the Toronto Raptors play in the Air Canada centre. But living in Toronto can get very costly. The average house there is sold for  $775,546 in September, up 5.9 percent from August’s average of $732,292.East In the east coast, Canadians love fishing. This is because the banks there are shallow, allowing the sun to penetrate the ground creating vegetation which attracts a plethora of fish. The Great Banks is an example of one of these banks.

In Canada we fish for three types of fish, the first is groundfish. This means cod, pollock, haddock, halibut, and redfish. Secondly, we fish for pelagic fish. This includes salmon, herring, mackerel, tuna, and caplin.

Lastly, we fish for shellfish. These are shrimp, lobsters, oysters, scallops, and mussels. The fishing industry employs 14%, and if you compare that to forestry, oil and gas extraction, mining and other industries in the primary sector. With these many people working in the industry, it brings in a lot of money. On small vessels, fisherman make daily approximately $200 to $250 per day.

This varies from companies, crew sizes, and location. Some fishing crews share can produce $40,000 or $50,000 for a couple of months. If you’re looking for a great place to hike and camp, Cape Breton is the place for you. Not only can you hike and camp but you can also go cycling, mountain biking, swimming, golfing, canoeing, boating, kayaking, sightseeing, geocaching, bird watching, fishing, cross-country skiing, snowshoeing and much more. The area offers tours and programs and well as a theatre! There are plenty of restaurants and over 40 trails. The campsite is open from May 18 to October 28, 2018. If you pay $70 a night you’ll get a tent to fit up to six people, sleeping pads, camping chairs, propane stove, cooking gear, plates/bowls, utensils (including cups and mugs), and wash bins.

The east is home to many people. One group being the Acadians. The Acadians come from French colonists who came to Acadia somewhere between the 17th century. Some of the Acadians come from first natives that had already settled in the area.

No one knows the exact number but there are roughly 69,530 Acadians living in eastern Canada. Being descendants from France, they speak French and are Catholic. Back when the Acadians first came to Canada they ate cherries, wild berries, and grew veggies. Root vegetables were a common source of food because they were easy to store in the winter.   West Lumber in BC is a very large industry. So large that it creates roughly 145,000 jobs in BC. One in 16 jobs in BC relies on the forestry industry.

Even though we don’t see the difference that all the lumber harvesting makes its happening and about 477,000 acres of BC is forested annually. Before companies are allowed to begin chopping down trees they have to create a plan. Almost like a blueprint they identify where they will be harvesting the lumber on a map.

Most importantly on the map, they have to state if old growth, recreation, wildlife habitat or all of these. After everything is planned out carefully they beginning cutting. In the end, about 85% of the lumber is sent to international markets.      Edmonton is the capital city of Alberta.

But most people don’t know what’s really out there. Besides being similar to Toronto and being urbanized it’s full of national parks and tourist attractions. For everyday people, the average house goes roughly for $375,458. People living there are probably used to shopping at the Edmonton mall, however, for tourist, there’s the massive Elk Island National Park, The World Water Park, and Fort Edmonton Park.

Fort Edmonton is located on the bank of a river as a major trading post for the Hudson’s Bay Company.    After speaking on the lumber industry and the number of forests There are in the West, it comes with a price. On May 1, 2016 Fort Mcmurray fire started. The fire burned 589,551 hectares of land. This includes 2,500 buildings and homes.

Luckily the fire didn’t hurt anyone however sadly two people who were in a car accident trying to flee the fire were killed. 90,000 people living in the area were evacuated. On August 2nd the fire finally was stopped and people were able to return to their lives and begin starting over. Although no one knows the cause of the fire people have speculated that it was very likely from a person.

Whether that be by accident on purpose the situation was still terrible. Central    Saskatchewan is home to the Grassland National Park. This is a campground with a unique quality. You can stay overnight in a teepee. Like most campgrounds, you can go hiking, kayaking, mountain biking, cycling, horseback riding, canoeing, geocaching and more. The park has over 70 types of grass and over 50 types of wildflowers.

The Grassland has an important role in helping the prairie ecosystem. The prairies were home to many first nations and some of their teepee rings are still there. Wild bison can also be spotted but further away from the actual campground for safety reasons of course. Another rare quality about the Grassland National Park is that it’s the only place where you can find yellow-bellied racers snakes!    Much like Toronto the city of Regina is filled with escape rooms, Dino bouncers inflatable house, bowling, Baseball diamonds, parks and more. However, you can visit the Government House which first served as the official residence of the Lieutenant Governor of the North-West Territories. There is also The MacKenzie Art Gallery is Saskatchewan’s largest public art gallery, with a national reputation for showcasing outstanding local, national and international artists.

   Canada is known for maple syrup. Even though Manitoba doesn’t produce as much maple syrup as its neighbors Ontario and Quebec it is still produced in all provinces. There are 10 types of maple syrup that is produced in Manitoba. Red Maple, Silver Maple, Black Maple. Big Leaf Maple, Douglas Maple Tree, Manitoba Maple, Mountain Maple.

In Manitoba, they have an annual festival called McCreary’s Manitoba Maple Syrup Festival. There they celebrate the culture, local producers, the history, and thank the land. It all starts with a maple dinner, later there are horse and wagon rides where you get to see a sugar bush. You get maple taffy treats, by taking boiling syrup and pouring it onto the cold snow, Plus there are tons of games and activities.

They celebrate the history because first nations first started making maple syrup in the 1700s. Now in 2017, there are 67 sugar farms.

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