Nigeria is blessed with human and material resources.
Consequent upon this, it is expected thata larger population of the country lives in affluence, ironically preponderance of Nigerianpopulation live in abject poverty. Poverty has pervaded the entire segment of the country.Surprisingly, democratic system of government has not suppressed the virulent growth ofpoverty in Nigeria. There are more questions than answers. For instance, it is aptly correct toask: why poverty amidst plenty in Nigeria? Corruption has become a popular phenomenon inthe nation’s political system.
It has indeed become a society-induced activity in the sense that,it now enjoys popular support from the people, invariably, corruption has been democratized.This happens as a result of the inability to capture and understand the generic meaning ofcorruption, which has further given it a toga of social recognition and acceptance in all thesocieties within the country. Although, corruption is a global phenomenon, it occurs inmonarchy, democracies and military dictatorships; at all levels of development and in all typesof economic systems from open capitalist economies to centrally planned economies. The factremains that corruption differs widely in its forms, pervasiveness and consequences, indeveloped countries the effect may be less severe, while in developing countries particularlyAfrican continent where the effect may be too severe for citizens to bear, as demonstrated. InNigeria, corruption affects every facet of human development. Little wonder, the TransparencyInternational (TI), an NGO of international repute continue to rate and score Nigeria high among the corrupt countries in the world. The futile attempt by the government to fight thecankerworm stems from the fact that government itself is greatly infected with the virus and anaverage Nigeria is seen as corrupt in most parts of the world.
It is against this background thatthis chapter examines the causes, types and effects of corruption. And the various ways ofachieving corruption free society through the recommendations capable of reducing thepractice corruption.