Nicolas Cortes12-20-17America’s Independence The 13 colonies were founded by, governed by, and abused by England. After a while, colonists got sick and tired of all the new, unfair laws being enforced by “The mother country”. Even the most loyal to the crown got worn-out by them. Colonists saw war as a way for liberty and they took that opportunity. A great deal of death and tragedies finally gave birth to an innovative free country. It is arguably the wealthiest and freest country in the world nowadays. It all started after the French and Indian War. These acts included: The Proclamation of 1763 forbade colonists to move west of the Appalachians; In Pontiac’s Uprising, many colonists were brutally murdered by Native Americans and Britain did nothing to aid the colonists; A series of laws were later set to make profit for Great Britain.
These acts did not stop coming in until the colonists started rebelling against them. Then, the Boston Massacre occurred. It was one of the most influential moments to convinced everyone what side they had to go on. Even after this, The Intolerable Acts came through.
The new laws really got many colonists angered. They formed a band of patriots called The Sons of Liberty. These messy heroes inspired many to come together and rebel. After the Boston Massacre, they exaggerated how many people actually died by naming it just that.
They went as far as causing the Boston Tea Party. Even though some people didn’t go to that extent, they proudly supported The Sons of Liberty and their actions. The First Continental Congress convened on September 5, 1774 in protest of the Intolerable Acts. They all gathered in Philadelphia. Here, they debated whether they should go about it with peace or violence. The compromise was to boycott British goods, but prepare for war.
They also drafted the Declaration of Rights to be sent to King George III. It listed ten grievances/resolutions to make things work between them. He refused to accept and sent Thomas Gage to capture revolutionary leaders at Lexington and Confiscate weapons and gunpowder from Concord militia. Both armies fight at Lexington and Concord. The patriots won and made the British retreat to Boston. The Second Continental Congress was the first attempt at a republican government in Congress. They, once again, compromised but delegates kept showing greater dissatisfaction. They asked states to draft new state constitutions.
Delegates also authorized Massachusetts militia to become the Continental Army. Finally, they named George Washington commander of the army.On June 1776, Congress forms a committee to write the Declaration of Independence. They had three main ideas they wanted to have in there. They were: People possess unalienable rights, George III violated these rights by taking without consent, and colonies had the right to break apart with Britain.
On July 4th, Congress approves the Declaration. King George III finally accepted their wishes and The United States of America was born.