mursaleen?Thetwenty-five messengerssent by Allah throughouthuman history to reveal truths. The number is sometimes taken as twenty-eight,but some are debatably true prophets.The twenty-five are (in chronological order, with alternative spellings andnames in parentheses): Adam(Adem), Idris (Enoch), Noah(Nuh), Houd (Hud, Eber), Saleh, Abraham(Ibrahim), Lot (Lut), Ismael (Isma’il), Isaac(Ishaq, Is’haq), Jacob (Yakoub,Yaq’ub, Ya’qub), Joseph (Yusuf), Job(Ayyub, Ayoub), Shu’ayb, Moses(Musa), Aaron (Harun, Haroon), David(Dawud, Dawood), Solomon (Sulayman,Sulaiman), Elijah (Ilyas), Elisha (Al-Yas’), Jonah (Yunus), Dhu’l-Kifl, Zechariah (Zakariya, Zakariah), John the Baptist (Yahya), Jesus (Isa) and Muhammad.
murshid?A Sufi spiritual guide.mursyidul am?A Malaysianreligious guide.murtad?A murtad isan apostate, specifically someone who has rejected Islam and either converted to anotherreligion or rejected religion altogether.
Views differ on an appropriatepunishment for murtads and who qualifies as one. At one extreme, some jurists recommend thedeath penalty; at the other it is recommended that no penalty whatsoever isdelivered. Prison is also an option, sometimes with the promise of release ifthe murtad repents and goes back to Islam. Factors that may be taken intoconsideration are whether the murtad has reached puberty and whether he or sheis of sound mind. What the murtad does after rejecting Islam can also have aneffect on his treatment, too. For example if he criticises Islam then he mightincur the greatest penalty available, but if he is not critical of Islam, hemight be let off or suffer a lesser penalty.musaddiq?The personcharged with giving out voluntary charity (sadaqah).musallah?Informal oropen-air spaces for prayer.
musallee?The namegiven to a Muslimwho is in the act of prayer (salah).musaqah?Anarrangement whereby a worker agrees to look after an orchard and plant newtrees and so on, in return for a share of the orchard’s yield. It is deemedvalid by both the Hanbaliand Hanafi schoolsof fiqh.
musawamah?A tradeagreement where the buyer and the seller negotiate a price to pay in order toarrive at a deal. Unlike a murabahah arrangement, the price paid for the goodsby the buyer, or the costs incurred in their acquisition, do not need to bedisclosed, so the price the buyer is willing to pay could in theory turn out tobe excessive. For this arrangement to be Shariah-compliant, certainstipulations must be in place, for example, the asset must be in the possessionof the seller at the time of the sale, and cannot be something that is not yetin existence or in transit.