Site Loader

After watching this video, you will be able to describe the physical and human characteristics of Europe, including major cities, rivers, mountains, and valleys. A short quiz will follow.

What Are Physical and Human Characteristics?

The physical characteristics of an area are a description of the landforms in that area, unaffected by human activities. A landform is any natural feature of the Earth’s surface. Landforms can include things like mountains, valleys, canyons, lakes, rivers, coasts, and bays.

Topographical, or physical, maps are used to show the physical characteristics of a landscape. Human characteristics, on the other hand, are the features of a geographical area caused by humans, including cities, towns, dams, roads, and communication links.Today, we’re going to talk about the physical and human characteristics of Europe. Though there are too many to mention in a short video, we’ll go through some of the most important ones.

Best services for writing your paper according to Trustpilot

Premium Partner
From $18.00 per page
4,8 / 5
4,80
Writers Experience
4,80
Delivery
4,90
Support
4,70
Price
Recommended Service
From $13.90 per page
4,6 / 5
4,70
Writers Experience
4,70
Delivery
4,60
Support
4,60
Price
From $20.00 per page
4,5 / 5
4,80
Writers Experience
4,50
Delivery
4,40
Support
4,10
Price
* All Partners were chosen among 50+ writing services by our Customer Satisfaction Team

Human Characteristics

The largest cities in the geographical continent of Europe are Istanbul, in Turkey, with around 14 million people, Moscow in Russia, with around 12 million people, and London in the UK, with 8.5 million people.

St. Petersburg, Berlin, Madrid, Rome, Kiev, and Paris are also particularly large cities, though Paris contains only two million people. Most of these cities are the capital cities of their respective countries, the exceptions being Istanbul and St. Petersburg.Many of these cities coincide with physical features that would have been useful when the cities were first established – most common of these are rivers and seas. London is along the Thames River, Paris is along the Seine River, Berlin is along the Havel and Spree Rivers, St. Petersburg is on the Gulf of Finland, and Istanbul is near both the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea.

This was helpful when the cities were first established because they provided sources of water and fertile land for farming along their flood plains. The rivers could also be used for trade and transport of supplies, by sending boats along them. This was especially useful during the Industrial Revolution.

Physical Characteristics

Europe has a huge number of mountains, rivers, valleys, and lakes. The biggest mountain range in Europe is the Alps, found where France, Italy, Switzerland, and Germany all meet. The tallest mountains in political Europe are Mount Ararat in Turkey at 16,854 feet, Mont Blanc in the Alps between France, Italy, and Switzerland at 15,781 feet, and Monte Rosa in the Alps between Switzerland and Italy at 15,203 feet. But the physical continent of Europe’s tallest mountain is in the Caucasus Mountains in Southwestern Russia: Mount Elbrus, which is 18,510 feet. The most famous European valleys are probably France’s Loire and Rhone valleys, and the Danube river valleys.The longest river in geographical Europe is the Volga River in Russia, running for almost 2,300 miles from just northwest of Moscow to the Caspian Sea.

Political Europe’s longest river is the Danube, stretching to a total length of nearly 1,780 miles. This river is especially famous because of the song that was written about it. It flows from Germany eventually exiting into the Black Sea.

Other important rivers include the River Elbe in the Czech Republic and Germany, the Rhine River, which flows through nine countries in Western Europe, and the Loire River in France. The Elbe in particular has been hugely important historically: it was the eastern limit of Charlemagne’s empire, the biggest attempted eastern push of the Roman Empire, and it formed part of the border between East and West Germany after World War II. The biggest lake in political Europe is the Vanern in Sweden, at 2,181 square miles, and the biggest lake in geographical Europe is Lake Ladoga in Russia, at 6,800 square miles.

Lesson Summary

The physical characteristics of an area are a description of the landforms in that area, unaffected by human activities. A landform is any natural feature of the Earth’s surface. Landforms can include things like mountains, valleys, canyons, lakes, rivers, coasts, and bays.

Human characteristics, on the other hand, are the features of a geographical area caused by humans, including cities, towns, dams, roads, and communication links.The largest cities in the geographical continent of Europe are Istanbul in Turkey, with around 14 million people, Moscow in Russia, with around 12 million people, and London in the UK, with 8.5 million people. St. Petersburg, Berlin, Madrid, Rome, Kiev, and Paris are also particularly large.

Many of these cities coincide with physical features that would have been useful when the cities were first established – most common of these are rivers and seas. These were important because they provided fresh water, fertile land, and routes for trade.Europe has a huge number of mountains, rivers, valleys, and lakes.

The biggest mountain range in Europe is the Alps, found where France, Italy, Switzerland, and Germany meet. The tallest mountain in political Europe is Mount Ararat in Turkey, at 16,854 feet, though the tallest mountain in geographical Europe is in Russia: Mount Elbrus, which is 18,510 feet tall. The most famous European valleys are probably France’s Loire and Rhone valleys, and the Danube River valleys.The longest river in geographical Europe is the Volga River in Russia, running for almost 2,300 miles from just northwest of Moscow to the Caspian Sea. Political Europe’s longest river is the Danube, stretching to a total length of nearly 1,780 miles.

It flows from Germany, eventually exiting into the Black Sea. Other important rivers include the River Elbe in the Czech Republic and Germany, the Loire in France, and the Rhine River in Western Europe.

Key Terms

  • landform: any natural feature of the Earth’s surface
  • human characteristics: the features of a geographical area caused by humans, including cities, towns, dams, roads, and communication links
Many cities were built near physical landforms, such as rivers.
Europe

Learning Outcome

As the lesson winds down, make sure that you can identify the different physical characteristics and human characteristics of Europe.

Post Author: admin

x

Hi!
I'm Eric!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out