Luke Yerkes8-3 History1/21/18Nazism and FascismNazism and fascism are two ideologies that unfortunately defined the 1900s. Fascism developed after World War I in Italy and Germany. Fascism is characterized by strong nationalism. Nationalism is an extreme level of authoritarianism, corporatism, militarization and hostility towards both liberalism and marxism.
Nazism is considered to be a form of fascism that incorporates anti-semitism and extreme racism. Basically, Nazism is the worst version of fascism. The rise of Adolf Hitler and fascism in Germany began in the aftermath of WWI. Germany was largely blamed for WWI, so the allies punished them harshly. These punishments crippled the German economy so much that the German currency, the Deutsche Mark, became virtually worthless.
The Weimar Republic that replaced the German monarchy after WWI maintained control over the nation. Though the Weimar Republic managed some strong years in the 1920s, much of this success was fueled by engrossment of U.S. cash through the Dawes Plan. When that cash diminished as the Great Depression hit the US and the rest of the world in 1929, the Weimar Republic flopped. The Nazi Party began with the German Workers’ Party, which Adolf Hitler joined in 1919 and remade according to his own beliefs. The Nationalist Socialist Workers’ Party (or Nazi, for short), as it was rebranded in 1920, had a heavily prejudiced and nationalist platform.
Nationalism or extreme pride in one’s country encouraged Germans to be proud of their ethnicity and heritage. It progressively blamed many of Germany’s problems on the Jews. Hitler’s unfledged attempt at a political stunt in 1923 earned him nine months in prison. This allowed him time to develop a better political approach for his party and cement his prejudiced and anti-semitic beliefs.Nazism is considered to be a form of fascism that incorporates anti-semitism and racism. Nazism was most prominent in Germany from 1933-1945.
Hitler sought to create a National Socialist policy that put Germany first. This ideological perspective enabled Hitler and the Nazis to pursue a policy of lebensraum. Literally meaning, “living space,” it “justified” Germany taking over territory in the name of ‘the motherland.’ Nazi Germany invaded many countries during World War II, such as Czechoslovakia, Austria, Poland, Denmark, Italy, and more. Adolf Hitler decided to invade most of these countries to expand Germany. Nazis killed around 11 million people, 6 million of which were Jews. The Nazi party rose to power because the Germans were embarrassed by the restrictions imposed on them by the Treaty of Versailles.
The Nazi party did not follow these restrictions, therefore they gained lots of popularity and support. Anti-semitism was spread throughout Germany because of the Nazis rise to power. The Nazis’ ideology was rooted in extreme racism. Hitler and the Nazis argued that the German strength existed in its Aryan race, which they saw as the perfect race and superior to all others.
The Nazis established a racial ideology that viewed racial impurity as threatening to this Germanic perfection. For the Nazis, Jewish people were the embodiment of racial imperfection. People of the Judaic faith were categorized as having “alien blood.
” Nazism was based on the idea that the Aryan race had a responsibility to expand its “perfection” and should not be threatened by the impurity of Jewish people. They saw Jews as an obstacle that would have to be eliminated. Luckily, the Nazis lost the war and didn’t get to achieve their goal of total control over most of the world. WWII ended in early September of 1945.
Just over a month later, Adolf Hitler killed himself.