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Language is one of the
means humans communicate with each other. Most of the languages existing in the
world have changed significantly. Languages had evolved and adapted to people´s
needs as many different things appeared. Systems of words for communication are
continuously changing, evolving, adapting to the people’s needs as life itself
is changing due to many technological things being produced. As a result, new
words enter the language. One of the way new words are build is nominalization.

 Several linguists have analysed the concept of
nominalization: Halliday (1949), Foley (2005), Sušinskien? (2013, 2014), Trask
(2005), Barrata (2009) to mention the most prominent ones.  Trask (2005:204) claims that “any grammatical
unit which behaves like a noun or a noun phrase, but which is built from
something very different” is known as the nominalization. According to Lieber
(2016) nominalizations are not simple nouns because they are made from verbs,
adjectives or other part of speech. In English they are derived by adding
affix. It is crucial to note that both morphologists and syntacticians were
investigating nominalizations, yet they were focused on different issues.
Morphologists were focused on forms: affixes and how they are added to the
word, their productivity. As noted by the author, syntacticians have been more
interested in the connection between sentences and phrases in which such action
take place than in its arrangement. It is claimed by Chamoreau and
Estrada-Fernandez (2016:6) that nominalization is such method when a word of
different category is changed into a noun as a result its lexical category is
not the same anymore. According to Sušinskien? (2014) nominalizations are
created from already existing words. It is believed that by using this resource
many new words are created by changing it ranges. It is claimed that
nominalizations can be studied on two levels: by analysing only the word or
analysing the whole sentence.

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Different definitions of
the terms nominalization can be found in dictionaries. For example, Routledge Dictionary of Language and
Linguistics provides a definition of nominalization which is defined as,
“productive process of word formation through which words of all word classes
can be used as nouns.” (Bussman, 2001: 327).  In other words, verb, noun can be derived from
verb, adjective, article or other part of speech.  To create a noun some morphological changes
can be done.

phenomenon prevail almost in every sentence in academic discourse as it makes
its style more academic and intricate. Sušinskien? (2013) states that
nominalization allows the author of the text to make technical terms, to
explain the relation between various phenomena, and to generalize already
presented facts. Foley (2005) claims that nominalization is not very typical in
regular speech, however it is common in texts. The author stated that
conversational affairs are different from issues in texts. It is noted that
discussions take place face-to face and people do not have time to think about
difficult phrases or speech systems where nominalizations tend to prevail. People
in everyday life choose to use simple words and phrases to convey the message. It
was noted that re-categorization technique fulfils the most important nominal

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