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Rock Street, San Francisco

The main large room has free play toys, a library and story corner, a home corner and table and chairs for children to sit at.

The preschool has a play based curriculum under the EASTER framework. Immediate context: This observation took place in the main classroom of the playschool ETC is seated at a table coloring in a picture of a spaceship and the moon there is one other child at the table she is also coloring in. The observation took place at 10. 30 in the morning during free play, it was a really bad day outside it was snowing and there was thunder and lightning.Brief ascription of the child observed: ETC is a male aged four years and 5 months, he attends playschool five days per week, ETC has two older sisters aged 7 and 10 and two older brothers ages 14 and 18, ETC is a very active, talkative child.

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Aim of observation: the aim of this observation is to examine ETC for a period of fifteen minutes to assess his language development. Rationale: It is important to observe children in order to plan developmentally appropriate activities for them, to ensure they are meeting the appropriate developmental milestones for their age. Method: pre-coded Media used; pen, refill pad, laptop and printer.Observation key ACT(Ad alt speaks to target child) TACT (Target child speaks to adult) adult) C.

V. (TTS brothers) Code Language COAX (other child speaks to TACT Hello ETC, are you coloring in a lovely picture? TACT Yeah it’s a spaceship CACTI What color is that? Red My favorite color is purple Why AITCH I just always liked purple, what your favorite color? Blue Because I like Chelsea (Chelsea is a football team that wear blue) I’m coloring the moon in blue. The moon is going to be blue TACT What shape is the moon Circle AC]ETC O listen to that thunder, do u like thunder? No Why not, does it frighten you?TACO No, it just cause mamma turns the The the TV Off when it’s on. Nearly done look at the moon, red I need, now I need red C -“A Teacher its nearly my sisters birthday Is it, when is her birthday? February she going to be seven My dogs in June Your dog Yeah When’s your birthday? In august AL]ETC What age will u be Five , everyone’s going to be five TACT Everyone? Yeah all my friends Will you have a big party Yeah, my S seventeen, but now he eighteen S was seventeen but now he is eighteen, When was S birthday? ETC]A In June Allot Is he your big brother Yeah, C is fourteen, my sister is seven and one is tenYou have a lot of brothers and sisters Aye my mammy’s called k..

…….

… (ETC turns his picture over) I have another one naiad, this is hair cutter things TACT Yeah scissors are you going to color them in Aye, this is a wee circle, look at that, do one and then I’ll do (counting remaining things to color in) 1, 2,3,4, four left for me to do , O this is very hard to do, this is very small, now only have three left ETC What color are you going to do it Blue . Only two more to do. That’s a comb A[TIC What color will you do that Black and now some Lillo That’s very good coloring in TO.

ETCETC there is space in here now if you want to come in and paint ETC+AAA When I’m finished Are we going to finish this ETC Now leno, black and blue, things are going wrong What’s going wrong Everything (pointing to his picture) Sure that’s perfect TACTICAL Which one is the smallest Which one do you think TACIT You have to pick ACT Is it this one (adult points to wrong picture on purpose) Is it that one (pointing to correct picture) Aye and this is the biggest co Big, medium, small ETC]A Can go and paint now You can that was brilliant work today OBSERVATION ENDS Evaluation The aim Of this observation was to observe and record the language of ETC, a 4 ear and five month old boy for 15 minutes while he was sitting coloring a picture in order to gain a better understanding of his language development. I feel that achieved this aim very well and that TTS language development appears to be within the normal range for his age. Language development includes a child’s non-verbal and verbal communication: expressive language, understanding of spoken language, vocabulary acquisition and understanding of the rules of language. (Done & Canyon p 135) for the purpose of this observation I concentrated on TIC’S verbal communications. In most cases TTS word pronunciation is accurate. He does make a few errors for example he says “Lillo” instead of “yellow’ and “naiad” instead of behind.

Other words used like “aye” instead of yes” are more as a result of local dialect rather than an inability to pronounce or use words properly. This is usual for his stage of development. While children between the ages of four and five pronounce most words correctly, they “may show some immature sound substitutions” (flood 2010) “Children by and large master syntax, i. E.

Word order in sentences by the age of four (flood 2010) in this case Etc has managed to aster syntax in that he makes only one syntactic error but quickly corrects himself in saying “red I need, now need red” all of his other sentences are all syntactically correct. The American psychologist Jerome Burner (1915- ) wisped stresses the importance of the child’s environment in language development.He believes that adults and more able peers in a child’s life provide what he calls a language acquisition support system (LASS) mother’s, recasting, expanding and labeling all form part of this system (flood 2010) there are samples of each of these strategies throughout this observation firstly when they’re talking about colors, the adult encourages ETC to expand on what is being said , they are talking about some colors in his picture, the adult tells ETC that her favorite color is purple and asks him his, when he replies blue she asks him why? He says ” I like Chelsea” his favorite football team, also when the conversation arises about birthdays the adult continues to ask multiple questions about ages, dates and family to encourage the conversation to continue, these are both samples of expanding.

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