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King William was born in c1028 in
Falaise by Duke Robert I “Duke of Normandy” and his mistress Herleva. He
succeeded his father, in 1035, who dead at Nicea on his way from a pilgrimage
to Jerusalem.

William became the new duke of
Normandy at the age of 8 later becoming King of England. He was crowned a King
on Christmas
Day 1066 at Westminster Abbey and ruled England till September 1087, when he dead
in Rouen, France and was buried in St Stephen’s Abbey, Caen, Normandy.

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He got married in the year 1050 to Matilda Blander. The
couple gave birth had at least nine children. But when
he
died he left Normandy to his eldest son, Robert Curthose. He also left the
English crown and sword to his second son William.

He William’s relationship with the church in his
duchy was respect and honor. Taking part in church councils, he made several
appointments to the Norman episcopate which included the appointment of Archbishop
of Rouen, Maurilius. Although he was very religious he managed to bring many of
the church’s everyday functions under the authority of common law by separating
ecclesiastical courts from lay courts.

William expected to be crowned King after the death
of Edward the confessor. But When Edward the Confessor died he was dismayed to
hear that Harold had taken the crown and was therefore planning to invade
England .He went to a one day battle “hasting battle” at Senlac Hill and won thus
gaining control of the English treasury, London. He took the city by mounting a
campaign of devastation across it, forcing Edgar Atheling to surrender.

EARLY
LIFE

Being the only heir of his father’s throne yet he
was a bastard landed him into a series of battles over power with his
relatives.

Although William faced several challenges upon
becoming duke -due to his illegitimate birth, he enjoyed the support of his
great-uncle, Archbishop Robert, as well as the king of France, Henry I, who
enabled him to succeed to his father’s duchy.

Concerned about William’s well
about since he was Normandy’s growing king, French king Henry I played a major
role on lending an hand whenever needed. To begin with when William’s cousin,
Guy of Burgundy, tried to over through him in 1046, king Henry I helped him
defeat him at Val-és-Dunes, and firmly secured control over Normandy.

On the other hand, with the help of
Henry, William was able to capture Alençon and Domfront
castle in Maine, France in 1051–52. Again with King Henry’s – besieged the
rebels- help Arques-la-Bataille castle was surrendered to William in 1053.

Sometimes Henry was not that supportive
to William, together with Geoffrey of Anjou they decided to invade Normandy in
1054, but they withdrew at Mortimer when part of their force forced them to.

Not being satisfied with the
outcome, Henry and Geoffrey led another invasion in 1057 with determination William
was able to defeat them once more. The Battle was labeled as the Battle of
Varaville, Normandy kingdom won.

In 1050, William married the daughter of Count Baldwin V of Flanders, Matilda Flanders.
The union bolstered William’s status since his father in-law was one of the
more powerful French territories leaders, with ties to the German emperors and the
French royal house

HOW WILLIAM’S NAME CHANGED FROM WILLIAM BASTAD TO WILLAM THE
CONQUEROR

A ruthless leader

His cousin led a rebellion against him he enlisted the support
of the French king and won thus emerged as a ruthless leader due to the
punishments he enforced on the rebels, he chopped off their feet and hands to
instill fear and establish Normandy as a powerful state.

Social
able and born skilled leader

William was a social able person; he quickly connected with his distant
cousin, Edward the Confessor, King of England, during his refuge in Normandy
when Viking invaders overthrew his father. When Edward returned to England he
wrote to William and promised him the crown once he dies and decided to name
Harold the king William took the decision to the battle field with the help of
France King and won the Kingdom.

Wise
and strategic leader

He saw an opportunity on Harold’s capture -on his way to France
when his ship wrecked, by the Count of Ponthieu in 1064.  William ordered Ponthieu -his old rival, to
release him and bring him to Normandy. By doing this favor Harold swore to help
William secure the English throne after Edward’s death. Although Harold did not
honor his pledge, once the king dead he gladly took the grown.Authoritative
Leader

He creates a new Norman aristocracy to cement his
kingship. He forced the north by laying waste to their villages, destroying
farmlands and robbing agricultural communities of their livelihoods thus famine
struck making them eating cats, dogs, and even human flesh to survive after a
series of rebellions they gave in thus he managed to unite England, under his
authority.

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