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  Karen Donley-Hayes wrote, “Victims are manipulated, betrayed, and deluded by adults far more savvy than they. They truly are victims, rather than ‘bad kids’ who choose their life, and they are not ‘offenders'” (Donley-Hayes). Around 21% of all victims of trafficking are young girls (Tsin Yen). There are around 100,000 children in the United States that are trafficked every year (Donley-Hayes).  Young trafficked girls can be considered slaves because trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery. Child slaves have little access to their families and friends and are not allowed to have a proper education. If they are allowed to have an education, it is very limited (Mckinney). Sexual exploitation can have serious consequences  young women; they are forced into drug addiction, can contract sexually transmitted infections, and must endure abuse from their owners.Traffickers might force their victims to take drugs so the children will be more submissive to their harsh demands. By being forced to take these drugs, young women can become addicted, causing them to be dependent on drugs, which in turn, can make them more submissive while also damaging their health (“Child”). Child victims who are addicted to drugs can be persuaded to follow their traffickers’ commands by being guaranteed more drugs to sustain their addiction (Harmon). Giving a drug to a child can cause serious problems. Drugs can cause a person to feel dizzy, confused, lose their appetite, have the urge to vomit, and can cause that person to shake. They can also affect the ability to judge a situation and determine the best response, as well as, change the way he/her thinks. Being addicted for a long period of time could cause the addict to have withdrawal symptoms when/if they try to quit (“What”).Children seven years old and younger are being sold to traffickers for sexual exploitation, specifically child prostitution (Titchen). Trafficked children, especially girls, are forced into prostitution by their owners. Because of this, they are more likely to contract sexually transmitted infections (“Child”). Trafficked children have a higher chance of getting these infections because their body tissue is not as strong as an adults’ body tissue (Andrews). Sexually transmitted diseases/infections can be caused by many different organisms like; fungi, bacteria, viruses, protozoa, arthropods, chlamydia, and mycoplasma. These infections are extremely painful and even life threatening. Most of these infections can be treated, but if they are left untreated they could lead to medical problems such as infertility (Braus).Around 800,000 children are victims of abuse (olive 52). Young women may have to endure violent abuse from their owners to ensure their obedience; they are sexually assaulted or threaten (“Child”). If a child disobeys the commands of his/her owner, they could be punished by being abused. They might be raped, whipped, beaten, ect. to make them comply to the things asked of them (Harmon). The victims could be tortured by their traffickers, poorly fed, and might have to go without efficient shelter (Andrews). Abused children may even have to go without food entirely as a punishment for their disobedience (“Child”). Sexually assaulting and abusing girls may result in head injuries, several bruises, cuts, and broken bones of the victim (Hodge).Drug addiction, sexually transmitted infections, and sexual assault/abuse are repercussions of sexual exploitation of young women. Young girls sold to traffickers are involuntarily given drugs to make them more submissive. They can obtain sexually transmitted infections because of child prostitution. They also have to undergo violent abuse from traffickers who are trying to get them to obey their commands. Karen Donley-Hayes states that, “Child sex trafficking is some dark, nefarious atrocity that occurs in other places, on the other side of the world. At least, that’s what we’d like to believe. The sad truth is that human trafficking–specifically, child sex trafficking–is a thriving industry, one very thoroughly ensconced in the United States” (Donley-Hayes).Works CitedAndrews, Sara K. “U.S. domestic prosecution of the American international sex tourist: efforts to protect children from sexual exploitation.” Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Winter 2004, p. 415+. Student Resources in Context,, Patricia. “Sexually transmitted diseases.” The Gale Encyclopedia of Science, edited by K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner, 5th ed., Gale, 2014. Student Resources in Context,”Child Trafficking.” Gale Student Resources in Context, Gale, 2016. Student Resources in Context,, Karen. “The sex-trafficked child: children can be victims of sex trafficking without ever leaving home, and it’s almost certain that pediatricians are encountering trafficked victims every day without realizing it.” Contemporary Pediatrics, Mar. 2014, p. 28+. Student Resources in Context,, Angela. “Sex Trafficking.” Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2016. EBSCOhost,, David R. “Sexual trafficking in the United States: a domestic problem with transnational dimensions.” Social Work, vol. 53, no. 2, 2008, p. 143+. Student Resources in Context,, Stephen J., et al. “Child Slavery and Child Labour.” Pastoral Review, vol. 11, no. 2, Mar/Apr2015, p. 54. EBSCOhost,, M. Foster. Child Abuse and Stress Disorders. Chelsea House, 2007.Titchen, Kanani. “Child sex trafficking in hometown USA: far from being a problem ‘somewhere else,’ child sexual exploitation is far more visible than you might think.” Contemporary Pediatrics, Mar. 2014, p. 8+. Student Resources in Context, Yen, Koh. “Human Trafficking: Overview.” Points of View: Human Trafficking, 3/1/2016, p. 1. EBSCOhost,”What Drugs Do to Your Body.” Current Health 1, vol. 21, no. 8, Apr/May98, p. 6. EBSCOhost,

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