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Introduction:”The Catcher in the Rye,” was a brilliant piece of literature by Jerome David Salinger that was published in 1951. Being a teenage centered novel, it is always listed in the good books of adult readers.  Due to its popularity since 1951, it is available in major languages around the world.

This novel narrates the story of a teenager, Holden Caulfield who lives in the New York City and is expelled from his school, Pencey Preparatory Academy.  The novel describes various flavors of his behavior like innocence, anger, isolation, being lost and affection. The novel is rated among the best English-language novels of all the time. Not only this it was listed among  “100 best English-language novels written since 1923 by Time’s magazine.Summary:The novel is based on the story of a schoolboy, Holden Caulfield who himself narrates his life experiences.

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The story begins with last day of Holden in the Pencey prep school in Agerstown, Pennsylvania as he was expelled from the school. This was Holden’s fourth failure in terms of school education as he previously ended up with three bad experiences. But he doesn’t want to visit his home in Manhattan as his parents will be informed out his rustication. He also mentions that it was Saturday afternoon, the day decided for a traditional football game with his rival school. Before leaving, he wanted to see his history teacher,  Mr. Spencer and drop a message of goodbye.

But he ended up with irk as Mr. Spenser insulted him for his poor academic record. Holden faces various irritating situations throughout like his neighbor, Robert Ackley irritates him with his impolite language and ill-manners. He talks about his roommate, Ward Stradlater who was going on a date with his crush, Jane Gallagher.

He shares his experiences at Central Park followed by his visit to a nightclub in Greenwich Village. He called her previous date, Sally Hayes to feel better after continuous episodes of anger and irritation, but poor Holden, she also filled him with irk as she introduced him to her friend George. Holden used the word “Phonies” for most of the characters expect her sister, Phoebe, whom he adores a lot. Holden shares his loss by sharing the death of his brother, Allie.

Not only these there were ample of events that ended up worst for him and left him with high irritation, aggression, and stress. He accepts the love of his sister and shares everything with her. He went to her school to inform her that he is going away from home to achieve something good in his life. With all bad and good experiences in his life, he pens down his narration by telling the readers about his future plans to join a new school but without disclosing the incidences that he came across while he went home.  Some Important Quotes from Holden’s Narrative:1. “Life is a game, boy.

Life is a game that one plays according to the rules.”….


     Game, my ass. Some game. If you get on the side where all the hot-shots are, then it’s a game, all right—I’ll admit that. But if you get on the other side, where there aren’t any hot-shots, then what’s a game about it? Nothing. No game.

“Explanation: This happens during Holden’s conversation with Mr. Spencer, where Mr. Spencer gives a lecture to Holden about the importance of rules and they should be followed while playing. Holden’s silence gives the example of his feelings towards Mr. Spencer.2. . .

. “Up home we wear a hat like that to shoot deer in, for Chrissake,” he said. “That’s a deer shooting hat.” “Like hell it is.” I took it off and looked at it. I sort of closed one eye, like I was taking aim at it.

“This is a people shooting hat,” I said. “I shoot people in this hat.”Explanation: This was quoted in the third chapter where the conversation was going between Holden and Ackley. This hat was described by Holden many times in the narrative. Here Ackley has something to say about his hat.

This quote proves his intense desire for freedom as he feels isolated most of the time.3. . . . I’m standing on the edge of some crazy cliff. What I have to do, I have to catch everybody if they start to go over the cliff—I mean if they’re running and they don’t look where they’re going I have to come out from somewhere and catch them.

That’s all I’d do all day. I’d just be the catcher in the rye and all.”Explanation: This was quoted in Chapter 22 where he was talking with his sister. He shares his plans, fantasies and what he desires from his life.

He shows his liking towards the imaginary picture of his own world rather than the real world. Psychological Problems with Holden:Holden was not a Sociopath, He was troubling with the antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). It would be wrong we call him sociopath because he was struggling with the psychological problems. If you have read this novel, you know he too mentioned about his treatment in a mental hospital. Continuous episodes of bad life experiences turned him into a negative thinker. He had confused attitude towards various situations. He calls all adults as “phoniness” because he was far away from maturity.

There was a lack of affection and love in his life except for her sister, that turned him into a bad guy in eyes of people and a sociopath.How To Treat People Like Holden:1, Family Talks: As we have seen that Holden entertained less affection from his family towards him except her sister. He was quite rude sometimes and feels neglected. If his mother and brother had a lovely bond with him then results might have good. I would like to suggest that a supportive family can make everything happen to their children if they give quality time, love and support to their children equally.

2. Medications: No medications are available to overcome such situations faced by Holden neither they are required because the sense of maturity is highly required in this case. Holden needs to understand the present picture of the world which he denies to accept. Any character associated with him need to discuss the problems he is facing. Someone needs to understand the battles going inside him and make him understand slowly the real picture.

I would suggest any medications in such cases, however, some doctors prescribe some medications to suppress some feelings of anxiety or depression.”Family Support and Intimacy can make Everything Happen.”Resources:

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