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Introduction:Establishments in the current erafocus on the development of employees and they believed in the ideology ofbenefiting employees through different approaches. Safety at the work force orlaboratories is an important aspect that many organizations of today’s worlddisregard. Many people face mishaps and accidents in various situationsespecially due to negligence, recklessness, and carelessness. Many accidentsand serious injuries are avoidable and preventable by taking effective safetymeasures and reducing hazards. For example, drivers and passengers can avoidserious injuries and death by wearing seatbelts while traveling in cars.

However, many people fail to realize the importance of seatbelts and face avariety of consequences in the event of an accident. Mishaps and accidents areunforeseen occurrences that can lead to several adverse consequences in theabsence of effective safety measures and precautions. Accidents, disasters, andmishaps can also occur in the laboratories and affect several staff andstudents in the absence of precautions and safety procedures. Certainorganizations do not regard this aspect as important and they do not focus onsafety at the workplace.

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The owners and management of the organization need toimplement rules, regulations, procedures, and systems relevant to safety andhealth. The management also needs to ensure that all workers have ampleknowledge and information regarding safety procedures, prevention of accidents,and safe working practices.Risk Assessment for a Laboratory on a daily basis weencounter all forms of harms or things that are unfavourable to our health andwell-being, for example when crossing the street, you are open to being injuredby a passing car or even when you’re riding a bike you are open to falling downand hurting yourself. Some of the harms we face can be avoided more particularthe ones that occur in work places and laboratories. COSHH which stands forControl of Substances Hazardous to Health is the law that was implemented in2002, it requires employers to control substances which are hazardous to thehealth of employees as well as others that may come in contact with the workplace.

The ideology behind COSHH was to ensure that it was safe for employeesto work around substances or in environments that did not particularly favourgood health; and in situations where by hazardous substances where unavoidable,good practices and controls were implemented to minimize the effects of comingin contact with them. Statistics have shown that since the implementation ofCOSHH work related deaths have decreased over time.Description:What is a riskassessment: This assessment will consist of a detailed risk assessmentabout the risks of working a laboratory.

It will incorporate what a riskassessment is and what it is for, also a risk assessment procedure and thepossible dangers that could occur in the work place if the health and safetyrules are not followed.The purpose of riskassessments:A fundamental information of health and safety is requiredbefore a risk assessment can be finished. The Health and safety at work act isan arrangement of guidelines which are set to secure the students, Visitors, Maintenancestaff and the technicians themselves from any accidents or sickness. The healthand safety act rules are there to guarantee the safety of anybody working inlaboratory. A risk assessment is a vital component of health and safety for anylaboratory as this will help foresee accidents and genuine damage to allconcerned. A risk assessment is an                                                                                                    attentiveexamination of what could make harm to individuals inside the workspace. It isutilized to organize any possible dangers, to evaluate how hazardous they areand how to counteract them.

 HSE is an public body in the United Kingdom. HSE give itsemployees great and safe states of work, this implies having successfuladministration game plans that guarantee the prosperity of staff, which limitsthe effects to people and business frame ill health and health damage.Specialists have the privilege to work in a place where dangers to their healthand safety are legitimately controlled. How to undertake aRisk Assessment: HSE regulations are:• All works are entitled to work inan environment where risk to their health and safety are properly controlled.  • This responsibility is down to theemployers (health and safety law)• The works duty is to take care oftheir own health and safety, and of others that may be affected by the actions.• It is an employer’s duty toprotect the health, safety and welfare of their employees.  The duties are to assist and encourage personsconcerned with matter relevant to the health and safety at work act 1974.

Tomake arrangements for and encourage research, training and information that isin connection with the work.Case study/Researchhttps://www.aequitaslegal. this case study we have found a research of an Unnamed 49-year-oldwho had a tragic incident at his workshop at a company known as Sellafield nuclearplant, he worked in this particular company with a special vibrating tool since1992 until 2003, it had led to him being diagnosed with a condition by the nameof carpal Tunnel syndrome, the side effect of this condition is muscle weaknessand numbness to the hands. The 49 year old man was left with a severe restricted grip,where he had to undergo a number of four operations. Once he was diagnosed withthis condition, the company allocated him to a different department in thepower plant, and was restricted to simplistic duties.

Because of his conditionthe employee was unable to fully use his hands efficiently in the work placeand still suffers from pain. Mostly in the night and during bad weather.  This case brought a personal injury claim against hisemployer, which put through a claim that the employer has been informed orwarned of the severe danger of the continued use of the vibrating hand tool. Thecooperation did not admit liability for his injuries, but agreed to himcompensation of £35,000.   Who is to blame?According to the report the employer noted thecompany known as Sellafield nuclear Plant did not warn the employer that futurehandling of the vibrating hand tool will cause a severe condition which willlead to his hands being incapacitate. But according to a report the companyargued that they did place safety precautions which clearly state that futurehandling of the vibrating tool will cause weak muscle symptoms hence why theyargued that they were not reliable for this man’s injury but would pay a compensationof £35,000 for the unexpected injury which occurred.

  They also promised that future of thisparticular case would be severely be reviewed and will take extra precautionswhen handling the vibrating tool and any other tools. The company which provides the vibrating toolshave come under investigation of the tool due to the safety of the manysymptoms that their product can do the employees of the Sellafield nuclear.However, the company did make a statement about this situation which they said thatthey are not responsible because they highlighted the safety precautions whichneed to be undertaken to safely handle the equipment.  The employer has the duties to monitor thesafety of his employees which means that before his workers proceed to use theequipment, he gives a clear notice of the health and safety precautions to useon every equipment that will be available in the workspace. It’s important for the employee also tocompletely understand the types of equipment’s he will be using in the workspaceit’s his responsibility to identify any changes in his health conditions.

Heshould’ve also reported what he was experiencing from the start so that actionscan be taken for further investigation about the equipment and also help thecompany acknowledge what type of equipment they have and if they should changefor a better working environment.  The recommendations:While performing in any workenvironment the company ‘sellafield nuclear plant” must follow rules strictlyand adopt good laboratory practices. Some of the instructions that everyoneshould follow are discussed below.

To manage and maintain safe laboratorypractices, management should carry out quality checks and audits against thesestandard operating procedures. Safety checks should be carried out to eliminatethe risk of putting the safety of employees attending a laboratory.A work environment could carry outsafety checks in a number of areas, prior to a match, to ensure its health andsafety procedures are in place.

A checklist should be provided and should linkdirectly to standard operating procedures/safe systems of laboratory.     CaseStudy/ApplicationIn this image above it highlights the potential severity ofharm and likelihood of harm occurring in a laboratory or any other workspacehazards. The image above has a grade a system which instructs the potentialuser of the equipment the types of risks they could be handling, the gradesystem of the hazard is done by accessing the likelihood of the harm occurringgraded from 1-3, and multiplying it by the potential severity of harm alsograded from 1-3. This grading system instructs the potential user of thehazards he will be encountering ranging from 1 being the lowest and 9 being thehighest.

The Table Below will analyse the type of equipment’s we’vehave been introduced to by the risk assessment technicians in the laboratoryroom RVMB036. As shown in the table below it analyse the types of hazards whichoccurs for example, abrasives, noise, cables, airborne dust particles, ventilation,manual handling etc. Protections in place for these hazards were emergency stopbuttons for encase of a fire, demonstrations and supervision by the technicians,fully displayed regulation of equipment, cables were tucked out of the way.These are very simple insurances that the individual’s cooperation is obligedin order to avoid the hazards from occurring.

Majority of the equipments in thelaboratory is graded as level of risk of 1, these hazards are well controlledand contained which is why supervision isn’t needed, its mostly trivial andincase of it happening simple precautions made to prevent it from leading to aserious risk.From the examples above which is most likely to occur in alaboratory when can take the example of noise from a particular equipment,which could lead to severe hearing damages which has been graded of outcome of2 which is tolerable, in the laboratory it has been evaluated that thisparticular cases won’t be an issue because it’s high unlikely to occur becauseof the preparations that has been used to prevent this risk to develop all theequipment’s are highly experimented on and passed the health and safetyregulations to fully reduces future risks. But even though the laboratory takesextra precautions to allow the individual tocomprehend the unlikely risks they’ll beencountering in using this particular equipment.

It also advisedto even further reduce the risk the individual should cover their ears with specialtype of head equipment.  Another example of hazards which could most likely occur inthe laboratory which is graded to be 3 which is moderate is the use of theequipment such as abrasives, cables, fire. The use of these needs  special attention and supervision which whyits grade to be 3. In the case of a fire there’s many safety precautions whichis undertaken to fully reduce a serious risk such as different labelled fireextinguishers depending on the type of fire, also other precautions such as quicklyand safely exiting the laboratory is encouraged to stop further risks, leftaround cables is also encouraged to be safely removed because it could cause injuryto an individual.In the laboratory the most dangerous type of hazard to occuris graded to be 4 which is also moderate The table shows some hazards that havea risk level of 4, including machinery and water. These hazards have a higherrating than those with a level 3 rating because they are more likely to occurthan those above, but could also be harmful if they were to occur.

There areexisting precautions for these hazards including signage, emergency stopbuttons and protective clothing, and also designated areas for certainactivities such as hand washing. Further precautions that can be taken in thefuture can include supervision to make sure machinery is being used correctlyand that all machines and taps are turned off after use.   Significant Hazards Persons at risk Existing Precautions Likelihood Consequence Risk level Future action Abrasives Students, visitors Emergency stop button and supervision.

1 1 1 Future action is not necessarily needed due to the risk free of the equipment.   Dust Everyone Air extraction. 1 1 1 Due to the risk of it  being trivial it’s not needed for future risks Cables Everyone Carefully put away to safe place which won’t get in the way. 1 1 1   Electricity Everyone Safety inspections 1 3 3 Regular maintenance checks for any faulty wires. Falling Objects Everyone Steal toed shoes is highly recommended 2 1 2 The future action that can be done is all objects are placed back in their appropriate place, carefully handle the object when being used. Fire Everyone Safety procedures, fire extinguishers and fire exits, signs and labels. 1 3 3 Everyone should be  aware of all fire safety procedures/exits. Hazardous chemicals Everyone Hazard symbols, distinct cupboards for diverse types of chemicals and barrier cream, gritty soap, protective clothing and chemical waste disposal for safety practices.

1 3 3 Supervision and demonstrations for everyone who is to use the chemicals. Manual Handling Everyone Supervision, demonstrations. 1 1 1 Signs to ensure safety regulations are meant when manual handling what to do and how to lift safely. Machinery Everyone Hazard sheets of the equipment and safety practices such as  protective clothing, steal toe shoes, machine guards, emergency stop button.

2 2 4 Supervision and demonstrations for the use of the machinery. Ensure all machines are turned off after use. Noise Everyone Special protective Headphones 1 2 2 Supervision to make sure everyone is wearing their protective headphones Water Everyone Towels or nonslip floor. 2 2 4 Wet floor signs to allow everyone to know there’s a spillage.   Conclusions:  To conclude, from what we discussed from the case study ofthe Sellafield incident. Sellafield Nuclear plant showed no importance to thehealth and safety of their workers.

They should have checked regularly withtheir employees if they were fit to work. Vibrating machines are a known riskfirst documented just over 30 years ago so they should have taken more careinto regularly checking up with everyone who is working there. By watching theworkers and looking at sickness absence records of everyone who is workingthere can help reduce any future accidents.

Creating and posting leafletseverywhere around the work place of known effects from vibration could make theworkers more aware and report it before anything irreversible happens.  Also regularly employers can give out questionnaires totheir workers and ask them if they feel numbness or any tingling sensation intheir hands to prevent any accidents. This as a group we think would be thebest safety precaution every company should take regularly, if they do thatthey will know before any permanent damages is caused to their employees.

 As a group in the risk assessment we found a few potentialaccidents that could have happened in the lab room RVMB036, on one accounthighest level being 4. These can be prevented in the future as noted from therisk assessment.  This has broadened our knowledge in the safety precautionsthat’s needed to prevent such things happening as explained. We had very goodteamwork which was the most important to accomplish this assessment in due timeand to produce the best quality of work.

Regular meetings took place in theLearning resource centre which was key. We worked as a group and had a part todo, if anyone was struggling we would help each other out. A few of us couldn’tdo the risk assessment before the Christmas holidays so we had to do it afterwe came back from holiday, this was done swiftly as the university wasrepeating the risk assessment for a week so the people who missed it could doit again and not miss out. During the Christmas holidays a few of us fellbehind due to the celebrations so after we got back from the break we met upand helped each other part doing the sketches and diagrams. This was greatbecause we all made time to meet up on the day we came back and proceeded withthe assessment and to a good standard.                            Significant Hazards Persons at Risk Existing Precautions Likelihood of Risk Consequences of Risk Level of Risk (1-9) Comments for Future Action Abrasives             Manual handling             Machinery             Fire(slips/Falls             Flooring             Dust             Access Routes               Location: Technician Responsible Date:    

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