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In the mid-nineteenthcentury, while the United States was encountering a time of development, a major economic differenceexisted between the country’s northern and southern regions. While in theNorth, assembling and industry was settled, and agriculture was for the mostpart constrained to little scale cultivates, the South’s economy depended on anarrangement of extensive scale cultivating that relied upon the work of blackslaves to develop certain products, particularly cotton and tobacco. Developingabolitionist notion in the North after the 1830s and northern restriction to slaveryexpansion into the new western regions drove numerous southerners to expectthat the presence of slavery in America, which was foundation to their economywas in threat.Civil war was tragicevent which led an inflection point in history of America as many lives werelost in this war.

The war was between the north and the south on slavery. Thenorth wanted to end the slavery whereas for south it was their source ofincome. Many different battles took place during the series of five years andthe causalities in that war were not equal to the combined toll other Americanwars. In my opinion outbreak of civil war led to the end of slavery which was agood thing and human rights were restored because of it.In the 1860 presidential election, Republicans,drove by Abraham Lincoln, supported banningslavery in all the U.S.

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regions.The Southern states saw this as an infringement of their constitutional rightsand as the first step in a grander Republican plan was to eventually eliminate slavery.Lincoln was the first Republican Party candidate to win the presidency.However, before his initiation, seven slave states with cotton-based economiespronounced secession and shaped the Confederacy. Lincoln pronounced thathis administration would not start a civil war. Talking specifically toward theSouthern States, he endeavored to quiet their feelings of any dangers to slavery,by saying “I have no purpose,directly or indirectly to interfere with the institution of slavery in theUnited States where it exists.

I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and Ihave no inclination to do so.”1 After Confederate powers grabbed various government strongholds withinterritory claimed by the Confederacy, efforts at settlement failed and bothsides prepared for war. On July 21st, 1861, Union and Confederate armed forces conflicted nearManassas Junction, Virginia, in the primary real land battle of the AmericanCivil War. Known as the First Battle of Bull Run (or Manassas), the engagementstarted when around 35,000 Union troops walked from the government capital inWashington, D.C. to strike a Confederate power of 20,000 along a littlewaterway known as Bull Run. Subsequent to battling on edge for the majority ofthe day, the radicals revived and could break the Union right flank, sendingthe Federals into a confused withdraw towards Washington.

The Confederatetriumph gave the South a surge of certainty and stunned numerous in the North,who understood the war would not be won as effectively as they had hoped.There were few causes that led to the civil war, one of which wasslavery. The consuming issue that prompted the interruption of the union wasthe debate over the future of slavery. The South used slaves for agriculturalpurposes and to perform different duties. Somewhere in the range of 4 millionAfricans and their relatives works as slave workers in the South on the civilwar eve. Although limited population owned slaves, yet slavery was linked withsouthern economy.

They could be rented, traded or sold to pay debts. There wasa great respect and social position for those who owned slaves. The slavescounted towards the largest portion of wealth amongst individuals as the pricesof cotton and land diminished.Frederick Douglass on his speech about the “The Meaning of July Fourth for theNegro” said “The feeling of the nation must be quickened; the conscience of thenation must be roused; the propriety of the nation must be startled; the hypocrisyof the nation must be exposed; and its crimes against God and man must beproclaimed and denounced.”2 North on the other hand gradually abolishedslaves. the North prepared pool of workers, a considerable lot of whom could beemployed at low wages, decreasing the need of slaves. Another cause was the sectional crisis.

It was the conflict over thespread of slaver into western territories in 1850. There was pro-slavery andanti-slavery war fought in Kansas territory which was known as “bleedingKansas”. The war was because north wanted to end the slavery and south topromote it. The result of the civil war was that The North and West grew rich whilethe once-rich South became poor for a century. The national political power ofthe slaveowners and rich southerners ended. The war resulted in at least1,030,000 casualties (3 percent of the population), including about 620,000soldier deaths—two-thirds by disease, and 50,000 civilians.3the war accounted for more American deaths than in all other U.

S. warscombined. The south surrendered and north won, and slavery ended. On the night of April 14, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln was shot deadat Ford’s Theater in Washington, D.C.

The assault came just five days afterConfederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered his enormous armed force atAppomattox Court House, Virginia, successfully finishing the American CivilWar.1 Deborah Gray White, Mia Bay, and Waldo E. Martin, Jr., Freedomon My Mind: A History of African Americans (New York: Bedford/St.Martin’s, 2013), 325.

2 The Life and Writings of Frederick Douglass, Volume IIPre-Civil War Decade 1850-1860Philip S. FonerInternational Publishers Co., Inc., New York, 19503 Nofi, Al (June 13, 2001). “Statistics on the War’s Costs”. Louisiana State University.

Archived from theoriginal on July 11, 2007. Retrieved October14, 2007. 

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