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In the book
“Discourse on Origin of Inequality”, Rousseau states how in modern
society, inequality arises from unnatural and unrelated laws of the nature of
man . To study and understand natural law, Rousseau discusses how human nature
has to be looked at and how the nature has changed over the course of many
centuries to create the modern society that we live in today. He disputes that
we need to examine and comprehend natural man because the thought of nature is
used to validate damaging and corrupted inequality. The best way to explain
modern inequality is to indicate that it is unnatural in the sense that it is
created by man. Understanding how natural laws come apart in our lives today is
difficult since true nature keeps piling up on the origin of nature through
centuries of progression and growth. Natural laws are very powerful that it creates
a hostile distinction with our modern societies. When speaking of corrupted
inequality, we are indicating how corruption effects the true nature of man and
how corruption should be removed to be able to see how natural laws once were. It
is impossible to return to the origin of nature and therefore the study on the
true nature of man are just assumptions. In addition, corruption changes the
way humans develop as centuries go by and how corruption brings down the true
origin of man. Corruption can be explained through 2 different processes,
Mental and Political processes. Mental corruption starts to take place as man
become subject to change. Humans start to focus less on the opinion of others
and decrease its concern on other individuals. The main issue of modern society
is that it produces a man who is deceitful towards his fellow people because he
has the authority to believe that he can dominate the people that are below him.
Politically, people who created societies and properties have the power to trick
others and become in charge. However, savage man are true to themselves but to
others around them as well. They have few needs and no wishes to dominate
another individual. Their needs are only for reproduction which is needed for the
necessities of life. Modern society is all about satisfying the needs of man
varying from simple needs such as  food,
sex, and rest to more complex needs such as entertainment or exotic food. It began
to change the lives of individuals and the way they thought of the people and
the world they live in. In addition,  freedom
plays an important role in a sense that it should be protected among citizens. Social
Contract which was mentioned in the book explains the creation of a society
where freedom of all people are probable, however, the book explains how no one
can really be free, even if power is in the beholder of one of the groups of
people. When an individual dominates a savage man, the person being dominated
has less freedom to act upon it or do anything about it. Freedom in societies
cannot exist because of inequality among men from different hierarchies. Only
in the circumstances of nature can freedom in fact exist. A man can never be free
if they are dependent on others. A savage, however, does not depend on others and
cannot be dominated and therefore have more freedom then other individuals who
are dominated.  This freedom does not
exist in the modern world we live in because every group of people are
dominated by another group creating hierarchy. In conclusion, inequality is
only natural when it comes to the physical variation between men. In modern
societies like today, inequality developed from evolution which led to
corruption of man’s nature and will continue to change gradually.

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