In the book”Discourse on Origin of Inequality”, Rousseau states how in modernsociety, inequality arises from unnatural and unrelated laws of the nature ofman . To study and understand natural law, Rousseau discusses how human naturehas to be looked at and how the nature has changed over the course of manycenturies to create the modern society that we live in today. He disputes thatwe need to examine and comprehend natural man because the thought of nature isused to validate damaging and corrupted inequality. The best way to explainmodern inequality is to indicate that it is unnatural in the sense that it iscreated by man. Understanding how natural laws come apart in our lives today isdifficult since true nature keeps piling up on the origin of nature throughcenturies of progression and growth. Natural laws are very powerful that it createsa hostile distinction with our modern societies. When speaking of corruptedinequality, we are indicating how corruption effects the true nature of man andhow corruption should be removed to be able to see how natural laws once were. Itis impossible to return to the origin of nature and therefore the study on thetrue nature of man are just assumptions.
In addition, corruption changes theway humans develop as centuries go by and how corruption brings down the trueorigin of man. Corruption can be explained through 2 different processes,Mental and Political processes. Mental corruption starts to take place as manbecome subject to change. Humans start to focus less on the opinion of othersand decrease its concern on other individuals. The main issue of modern societyis that it produces a man who is deceitful towards his fellow people because hehas the authority to believe that he can dominate the people that are below him.Politically, people who created societies and properties have the power to trickothers and become in charge. However, savage man are true to themselves but toothers around them as well. They have few needs and no wishes to dominateanother individual.
Their needs are only for reproduction which is needed for thenecessities of life. Modern society is all about satisfying the needs of manvarying from simple needs such as food,sex, and rest to more complex needs such as entertainment or exotic food. It beganto change the lives of individuals and the way they thought of the people andthe world they live in. In addition, freedomplays an important role in a sense that it should be protected among citizens. SocialContract which was mentioned in the book explains the creation of a societywhere freedom of all people are probable, however, the book explains how no onecan really be free, even if power is in the beholder of one of the groups ofpeople. When an individual dominates a savage man, the person being dominatedhas less freedom to act upon it or do anything about it.
Freedom in societiescannot exist because of inequality among men from different hierarchies. Onlyin the circumstances of nature can freedom in fact exist. A man can never be freeif they are dependent on others. A savage, however, does not depend on others andcannot be dominated and therefore have more freedom then other individuals whoare dominated. This freedom does notexist in the modern world we live in because every group of people aredominated by another group creating hierarchy. In conclusion, inequality isonly natural when it comes to the physical variation between men.
In modernsocieties like today, inequality developed from evolution which led tocorruption of man’s nature and will continue to change gradually.