In addition, environmental ethics can be defined as the interaction of human with nature. In a business sense, environmental ethics is considered as a company’s responsibility to protect the environment (Kenneth V. Onset, n.d.).
Public awareness of the environmental damage that caused by human action has driven a demand for protecting, mending, and preserving rather than harming or destroying the natural environment. As the public awareness gradually increase, businesses get started to take part and participate in environmental business ethics to avoid our environment getting harm (Neo-Classical Theory). All business owners should consider sustainability development when running their business. Environmental sustainability is the business makes decisions that are considering to protect the natural environment. Maybe someone may argue that environmental sustainability is not the responsibility of businesses (Classical Theory). However, environmental sustainability had become an effective way to differentiate themselves to compete with others in the market. Environmentally sustainable can help them to improve their public image as consumers more prefer products and services that are no harm to the environment.
The business ethics and social responsibility in the aspect of environment is demonstrated through the development of business environmental strategy. There are some of the simple strategies are available to help them the businesses to improve their environmental sustainability. Some of the strategies are developing and acquiring green businesses includes such actions developing green products and packages, conserving energy, reducing waste and recycling. Businesses implement waste control and prevention to manage and reduce the amount of waste that generated by operation. Businesses must have the conscious in saving electricity and reduce the usage of electricity as much as possible. Moreover, they can try using renewable energy and establish the Natural Resource Management for monitoring and limiting your use of natural resources such as water and fossil fuels can help you to reduce your negative impact on the environment (Failte Ireland, n.
d.) Another major issue in the area of environmental responsibility is pollution. Water pollution results from dumping toxic chemicals and raw sewage into rivers and oceans, oil spills, and the burial of industrial waste in the ground where it may filter into underground water supplies. Air pollution is usually the result of smoke and other pollutants emitted by manufacturing facilities, as well as carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons emitted by motor vehicles. Land pollution results from the dumping of residential and industrial waste, strip mining, forest fires, and poor forest conservation. Therefore, the government also take their responsibility to establish related governmental regulations to control this kind of issues and ensure their operation always in the legal way.
If all the businesses abide by the governmental regulation, then the primary stage of concern in environmental business ethics has been successfully acheived.