In “ASmall Place” by Jamaica Kincaid, it is portrayed that “we” tourists are veryselfish for our own needs, this is shown in many ways throughout the book, forexample the first being Kincaid placing us (the reader) in the shoes of atourist. Jamaica starts off by doing this so we know how we act when we aretourists and the things we do, but don’t really see things as they may seem. Kincaid does a good job of showing us this andmaking us understand this as with the use of rhetorical devices such as ethos,pathos and logos to appeal to the reader’s emotions and make the readers whoare tourists have sympathy towards Antigua. Firstly,with the use of pathos Kincaid starts to appeal to the readers emotions whenshe says, “On a Saturday, at the market, two people who, as far as they know,have never met before, collide by accident; this accidental collision leads toan enormous quarrel-a drama, really- in which the two people stand at oppositeends of a street and shout insults at each other at the top of theirlungs.” (Kincaid 56) In this quote Jamaica appeals to our (tourists)emotions for us to gain sympathy for two people who had an accident and who arerather yelling at each other, instead of trying to understand the situation andask each other if they are fine. This shows how two people who never met beforeyell at each other over an accident which makes the reader want to havesympathy for the people who had an accident to know if they are fine, makingthe situation appeal to our emotions. Jamaica alsomakes us tourist have sympathy for the people of Antigua, she does this bymaking us understand and observe the harsh conditions that the locals go thoughand live by: “Not far from this mansion is another mansion, the home of a drugsmuggler” (Kincaid 11). And lastly it is appealed to our emotions when shesays, ”That Antigua no longer exists.
That Antigua no longer exists partly forthe usual reason, the passing of time.” (Kincaid 23) Kincaid touches on ouremotions by making us feel bad by letting us know that the country she oncegrew up in doesn’t exist anymore. Appealing to our emotions and making us feelsad, makes us think how we would feel if the place we grew up in and spend ourchildhood, doesn’t exist anymore. These are some ways how Jamaica appealed toour emotions using Pathos.
Secondly,the use of ethos help appeal to emotions and creates sympathy for people ofAntigua and their conditions, ethically. “It is not a secret that a minister isinvolved in drug trafficking.” (Kincaid 59) This quotes shows how famous peoplein Antigua like the minister commit crimes and go against the government law bydoing drug trafficking, which is going against their duty’s towards the peopleof Antigua. Also, another example, in which this ethos is showcased iswhen she states, “Why you would be told that the banks are encouraged by thegovernment to make loans available for cars and not houses? And that theminister plays a role in this.” (Kincaid 7) This also shows how the ministersand the government go against their principals of serving the people inAntigua, they become selfish and make it harder for the citizens of Antigua topurchase things. Lastly, it is also showed how many people in Antigua werevictims of racism (mostly black people). This is shown with the use of ethos whenshe states, “Mill Reef Club.
It was built by some people from North America whowanted to live in Antigua and spend their holidays in Antigua but who seemednot to like Antiguans (black people) at all, as Mill Reef Club declared itselfcompletely private, and the only Antiguans (black people) that were allowedwere servants”. (Kincaid Page 4) Antiguans were treated differently than the (tourists)and the ministers wouldn’t say anything to fight for the rights of Antiguans.They would not follow their principals and would rather sit back and watch.These are some example of the use of ethos in “A Small Place” to help ustourists better understand the corruption, and make ourselves aware of this. Lastly, with the use of Logos and logic Jamaica isable to once again appeal to our emotions.
An example of this is when in thenovel she says, “The ministers, the people who govern the island of Antigua,who are also citizens of Antigua, are legal residents of the United States, aplace they visit frequently.” (Kincaid 3) This quote is powerful as it makes usthink why they would go to the US? Like do you think Canada would be okay andcool with a prime minister who lived in the United States? Like would it beokay for Australia if there Liberal party leader was also a citizen of China?Then why does it seem to be okay here? Also do you think it’s logical for aPrime Minister to name an Airport after him? It makes us think of many logicalquestions, therefore Kincaid appealing to us logically. Another example, iswhen she states, “You may be the sort of tourist who would wonder why a PrimeMinister would want an airport named after him—why not a school, why not ahospital, why not some great public monument?” (Kincaid 1) After reading thisquote you might wonder why? But in Antigua the Prime Minister doesn’t careabout hospitals or schools as tourists don’t end up seeing this stuff when theyland at the airport. So, after reading this we know the government or PrimeMinister of Antigua doesn’t care, making this appeal to our emotions logically. All in all, Jamaica Kincaid throughout the booktries to appeal to our emotions for us to have sympathy towards Antigua and thepeople of Antigua. She is very successfully in that throughout her using ethos,pathos and logos in her writing.