In order to make Egypt’s government workbetter, faster and being more organized, Muhammed Ali carried out anadministrative reform. He first abolished the old system of the Mamelukes.While he created a centralized system of the state. This new system as wellworked after European rules.
He created the the War Ministry which was incharge of the army and fleet. The Ministry of Finance collected taxes. TheTrade Ministry was in charge of monopolies and goods leaving the country.
The Ministry of Education established a number of schools and sentstudents abroad to study in European countries. Finally, the Ministries ofForeign and Home Affairs were formed. (Reimer) This made everything work moresmoothly. Before this reform everyone was trying to get everything done, forexample the people who collect taxes had to also be in charge of the army.
Nowevery section has it is own workers that have had some kind of previousexperience in the subject. Muhammed Ali divided Egypt into seven new provincesor mudiriyas, at the head of which stood a governor. Who was a part of the central government, he would carried outadministrative duties and collected taxes. He was also responsible for managinggovernment workshops and manufactories, and for seeing that the canals,bridges, and roads were in a good condition. He made sure the timely sowing andgathering of the crops. (Lutsky) This action or reform was a really smart movefrom Muhammad Ali’s point of view since this was the government had completecontrol over all the different areas in Egypt.