How would you react if you were living during the American revolution? Would you be a loyalist or patriot? Maybe a “fence sitter?” Would you make a “stand” during this time, if so then who would you be loyal too? The american revolution is also known as an act independence or a war for independence. There were those who stayed loyal to the king, and those who wanted to break apart from the british government. The people who stayed loyal were called loyalists (tories) and the people who wanted independence, patriots (Revolutionaries). After the French and Indian war the colonists became closer which then began the want for indepence. Little by little, event after event, the patriots started to rebel against the government and got what they wanted, “independence.” The events that led up to the revolution were not unfair to colonists.
The proclamation of 1763 was the very start of the American Revolution. The colonists became closer and unified after the 7 year war, that required them to work together. “After the conclusion of the French and Indian war in America, the British Empire began to tighten control over its rather autonomous colonies.” An article from History.com talks about the after effects of the French and Indian war (a.k.
a. the 7 year war) and the proclamation of 1763. It later on says “-King George III declared all lands west of the appalachian divide off-limits to colonial settlers.
” After the war not only did French lose their land but the Indians had as well, as a result of this there was Pontiac’s war. The proclamation was mainly intended to cease the Native Americans by checking the encroachment of settlers on their lands according to the Encyclopedia Britannica, and although they didn’t intend to alter western boundaries the proclamation was offensive towards colonists and an interference with their business. The colonies didn’t like the proclamation one bit and this is the starting point leading to the revolution. Britain had the right to tax the colonists. One tax that britain inforced is the sugar act, the sugar act was basically an tax act on sugar, including all products made with sugar or had the ingredient sugar in it. This was a great effect because there are a lot of products affected by this including rum, who’s industry inclined. The act’s main purpose was not to raise revenue from the colonies but to bail out the floundering East India Company, a key actor in the British economy. The British government granted the company a monopoly on the importation and sale of tea in the colonies.
Now I understand why the patriots were disturbed by this act, because who would want to pay extra for stuff that you always use? It’s basically putting tax on rice (hawaii reference). Though being upset with the taxes was reasonable it wasn’t like nothing caused this to happen. Due to the war that broke between the french and british/colonists, there was a tremendous amount of money spent, because of this the british government decided to make the sugar act. Not only did the colonists not like this, but they retaliated against it. In 1773 a secret group organized a “framed act of American colonial defiance.” According to History.com, and is known as the Boston Tea Party. History.
com also gives more information saying “On the night of December 16, 1773, Samuel Adams and the Sons of Liberty boarded three ships in the Boston harbor and threw 342 chests of tea overboard.” I can understand and reason with the colonists on why they didn’t like the sugar act but this event is going to far. The Boston Massacre was caused and created by patriots. Before the Boston Tea Party there was the Boston Massacre on May 5th, 1770. According to Britannica on the night of may 5th a crowd of Bostonians roamed the streets, fueled by rumours that soldiers were preparing to cut down the so-called Liberty Tree and that a soldier had attacked an oysterman. A crowd swarmed around some soldiers and taunted the soldiers daring them to shoot.
One of the soldiers in confusion was jostled and, in fear, discharged his rifle. This event was a key role on the road to the american revolution, resulting with five people dead. Although the colonists were the start of this event it ended with the soldiers being punished. This was an unfair event that was “won” by the patriots due to the outcome that the british soldiers faced. CITES:1763 Proclamation:https://www.britannica.
com/event/Proclamation-of-1763 – The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. “Proclamation of 1763.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 12 July 2016, www.britannica.
com/event/Proclamation-of-1763.http://www.history.com/topics/native-american-history/1763-proclamation-of – History.com Staff.
“Proclamation of 1763.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 2009, www.history.
com/topics/native-american-history/1763-proclamation-of.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pontiac%27s_War – “Pontiac’s War.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 11 Dec. 2017, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pontiac%27s_War.