Type II diabetes formerly referred to as adult onset diabetes, used to be a disease that affected the old and mostly observed in our parents and grandparents. In recent times this has however not been the case with more and more cases found in children and teenagers and thus the name change to type II diabetes. The increasing incidence, prevalence and mortality rates associated with people with type II diabetes has led to its being referred to as a modern epidemic that is said to be affecting over 220 million people worldwide and killing over 1.1 million people in 2005 (Karam & McFarlane, 2011). This alarming statistics has led to more attention being paid to the prevention and all the more so since there is no known cure for the disease. In the bid to prevent, the cause of type II diabetes is sought and this has given rise to numerous debates and research with varying opinions and results.
In the professional world type II diabetes is often refereed to as a ‘lifestyle disease’ because it is more common to people who perform very little physical activities and thereby obese or overweight especially around the waist. Other risk factors include high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, unhealthy eating habits, smoking, alcohol use, high intake of sugary and salty food with low fiber intake and people with first-degree relatives with type 2 diabetes (Better Health Channel, 2014. These factors however do not explain the increasing incidence and prevalence especially among people living in low-income communities and appearing to be an affliction of the poor and more common to poor women (Raphael and Anstice et al., 2003). Evidence of this is shown in a report by the Toronto star where it was observed that poverty; visible minorit…
…cannot alleviate type II diabetes for people who are living in poverty. The root cause has to be addressed in terms of the social determinants and most especially income. Government has to play a key role for optimal management of type II diabetes by making policy changes to alleviate poverty.
Improved income will result in people having improved health. They will have the means to acquire the necessary resources that is needed to improve their life and health with adequate housing and healthy food. They will also have less stress with all the challenges of how to survive with inadequate income no longer an issue. Management of their diabetes will also become a lot easier as they will be able to afford to eat the recommended healthy food and take the required medication. With diabetes management under control it will result in less incidence and mortality rates.